hpsa(4) — Linux manual page


HPSA(4)                   Linux Programmer's Manual                  HPSA(4)

NAME         top

       hpsa - HP Smart Array SCSI driver

SYNOPSIS         top

       modprobe hpsa [ hpsa_allow_any=1 ]

DESCRIPTION         top

       hpsa is a SCSI driver for HP Smart Array RAID controllers.

       hpsa_allow_any=1: This option allows the driver to attempt to operate
       on any HP Smart Array hardware RAID controller, even if it is not
       explicitly known to the driver.  This allows newer hardware to work
       with older drivers.  Typically this is used to allow installation of
       operating systems from media that predates the RAID controller,
       though it may also be used to enable hpsa to drive older controllers
       that would normally be handled by the cciss(4) driver.  These older
       boards have not been tested and are not supported with hpsa, and
       cciss(4) should still be used for these.

   Supported hardware
       The hpsa driver supports the following Smart Array boards:

           Smart Array P700M
           Smart Array P212
           Smart Array P410
           Smart Array P410i
           Smart Array P411
           Smart Array P812
           Smart Array P712m
           Smart Array P711m
           StorageWorks P1210m

       Since Linux 4.14, the following Smart Array boards are also

           Smart Array 5300
           Smart Array 5312
           Smart Array 532
           Smart Array 5i
           Smart Array 6400
           Smart Array 6400 EM
           Smart Array 641
           Smart Array 642
           Smart Array 6i
           Smart Array E200
           Smart Array E200i
           Smart Array E200i
           Smart Array E200i
           Smart Array E200i
           Smart Array E500
           Smart Array P400
           Smart Array P400i
           Smart Array P600
           Smart Array P700m
           Smart Array P800

   Configuration details
       To configure HP Smart Array controllers, use the HP Array
       Configuration Utility (either hpacuxe(8) or hpacucli(8)) or the
       Offline ROM-based Configuration Utility (ORCA) run from the Smart
       Array's option ROM at boot time.

FILES         top

   Device nodes
       Logical drives are accessed via the SCSI disk driver (sd(4)), tape
       drives via the SCSI tape driver (st(4)), and the RAID controller via
       the SCSI generic driver (sg(4)), with device nodes named /dev/sd*,
       /dev/st*, and /dev/sg*, respectively.

   HPSA-specific host attribute files in /sys
              This is a write-only attribute.  Writing to this attribute
              will cause the driver to scan for new, changed, or removed
              devices (e.g., hot-plugged tape drives, or newly configured or
              deleted logical drives, etc.)  and notify the SCSI midlayer of
              any changes detected.  Normally a rescan is triggered
              automatically by HP's Array Configuration Utility (either the
              GUI or the command-line variety); thus, for logical drive
              changes, the user should not normally have to use this
              attribute.  This attribute may be useful when hot plugging
              devices like tape drives, or entire storage boxes containing
              preconfigured logical drives.

              This attribute contains the firmware version of the Smart

              For example:

                  # cd /sys/class/scsi_host/host4
                  # cat firmware_revision

   HPSA-specific disk attribute files in /sys
              This attribute contains a 32 hex-digit unique ID for each log‐
              ical drive.

              For example:

                  # cd /sys/class/scsi_disk/4:0:0:0/device
                  # cat unique_id

              This attribute contains the RAID level of each logical drive.

              For example:

                  # cd /sys/class/scsi_disk/4:0:0:0/device
                  # cat raid_level
                  RAID 0

              This attribute contains the 16 hex-digit (8 byte) LUN ID by
              which a logical drive or physical device can be addressed.
              c:b:t:l are the controller, bus, target, and lun of the de‐

       For example:

                  # cd /sys/class/scsi_disk/4:0:0:0/device
                  # cat lunid

   Supported ioctl() operations
       For compatibility with applications written for the cciss(4) driver,
       many, but not all of the ioctls supported by the cciss(4) driver are
       also supported by the hpsa driver.  The data structures used by these
       ioctls are described in the Linux kernel source file in‐

              These three ioctls all do exactly the same thing, which is to
              cause the driver to rescan for new devices.  This does exactly
              the same thing as writing to the hpsa-specific host "rescan"

              Returns PCI domain, bus, device and function and "board ID"
              (PCI subsystem ID).

              Returns driver version in three bytes encoded as:

                  (major_version << 16) | (minor_version << 8) |

              Allows "BMIC" and "CISS" commands to be passed through to the
              Smart Array.  These are used extensively by the HP Array Con‐
              figuration Utility, SNMP storage agents, and so on.  See
              cciss_vol_status at ⟨http://cciss.sf.net⟩ for some examples.

SEE ALSO         top

       cciss(4), sd(4), st(4), cciss_vol_status(8), hpacucli(8), hpacuxe(8),

       ⟨http://cciss.sf.net⟩, and Documentation/scsi/hpsa.txt and Documenta‐
       tion/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-pci-devices-cciss in the Linux kernel
       source tree

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 5.09 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at

Linux                            2017-09-15                          HPSA(4)

Pages that refer to this page: cciss(4)smartpqi(4)capabilities(7)