wcstok(3) — Linux manual page


wcstok(3)               Library Functions Manual               wcstok(3)

NAME         top

       wcstok - split wide-character string into tokens

LIBRARY         top

       Standard C library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <wchar.h>

       wchar_t *wcstok(wchar_t *restrict wcs, const wchar_t *restrict delim,
                       wchar_t **restrict ptr);

DESCRIPTION         top

       The wcstok() function is the wide-character equivalent of the
       strtok(3) function, with an added argument to make it
       multithread-safe.  It can be used to split a wide-character
       string wcs into tokens, where a token is defined as a substring
       not containing any wide-characters from delim.

       The search starts at wcs, if wcs is not NULL, or at *ptr, if wcs
       is NULL.  First, any delimiter wide-characters are skipped, that
       is, the pointer is advanced beyond any wide-characters which
       occur in delim.  If the end of the wide-character string is now
       reached, wcstok() returns NULL, to indicate that no tokens were
       found, and stores an appropriate value in *ptr, so that
       subsequent calls to wcstok() will continue to return NULL.
       Otherwise, the wcstok() function recognizes the beginning of a
       token and returns a pointer to it, but before doing that, it
       zero-terminates the token by replacing the next wide-character
       which occurs in delim with a null wide character (L'\0'), and it
       updates *ptr so that subsequent calls will continue searching
       after the end of recognized token.

RETURN VALUE         top

       The wcstok() function returns a pointer to the next token, or
       NULL if no further token was found.

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       │ Interface                           Attribute     Value   │
       │ wcstok()                            │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │

STANDARDS         top

       C11, POSIX.1-2008.

HISTORY         top

       POSIX.1-2001, C99.

NOTES         top

       The original wcs wide-character string is destructively modified
       during the operation.

EXAMPLES         top

       The following code loops over the tokens contained in a wide-
       character string.

       wchar_t *wcs = ...;
       wchar_t *token;
       wchar_t *state;
       for (token = wcstok(wcs, L" \t\n", &state);
           token != NULL;
           token = wcstok(NULL, L" \t\n", &state)) {

SEE ALSO         top

       strtok(3), wcschr(3)

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Pages that refer to this page: strtok(3)signal-safety(7)