getttyent(3) — Linux manual page


GETTTYENT(3)            Linux Programmer's Manual           GETTTYENT(3)

NAME         top

       getttyent, getttynam, setttyent, endttyent - get ttys file entry

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <ttyent.h>

       struct ttyent *getttyent(void);
       struct ttyent *getttynam(const char *name);

       int setttyent(void);
       int endttyent(void);

DESCRIPTION         top

       These functions provide an interface to the file _PATH_TTYS
       (e.g., /etc/ttys).

       The function setttyent() opens the file or rewinds it if already

       The function endttyent() closes the file.

       The function getttynam() searches for a given terminal name in
       the file.  It returns a pointer to a ttyent structure
       (description below).

       The function getttyent() opens the file _PATH_TTYS (if necessary)
       and returns the first entry.  If the file is already open, the
       next entry.  The ttyent structure has the form:

           struct ttyent {
               char *ty_name;     /* terminal device name */
               char *ty_getty;    /* command to execute, usually getty */
               char *ty_type;     /* terminal type for termcap */
               int   ty_status;   /* status flags */
               char *ty_window;   /* command to start up window manager */
               char *ty_comment;  /* comment field */

       ty_status can be:

           #define TTY_ON     0x01  /* enable logins (start ty_getty program) */
           #define TTY_SECURE 0x02  /* allow UID 0 to login */

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see

       │Interface               Attribute     Value                 │
       │getttyent(),            │ Thread safety │ MT-Unsafe race:ttyent │
       │setttyent(),            │               │                       │
       │endttyent(),            │               │                       │
       │getttynam()             │               │                       │

CONFORMING TO         top

       Not in POSIX.1.  Present on the BSDs, and perhaps other systems.

NOTES         top

       Under Linux, the file /etc/ttys, and the functions described
       above, are not used.

SEE ALSO         top

       ttyname(3), ttyslot(3)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 5.13 of the Linux man-pages project.
       A description of the project, information about reporting bugs,
       and the latest version of this page, can be found at

GNU                            2021-03-22                   GETTTYENT(3)

Pages that refer to this page: ttyslot(3)