sd_bus_path_encode(3) — Linux manual page

NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUE | NOTES | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

SD_BUS_PATH_ENCODE(3)      sd_bus_path_encode      SD_BUS_PATH_ENCODE(3)

NAME         top

       sd_bus_path_encode, sd_bus_path_encode_many, sd_bus_path_decode,
       sd_bus_path_decode_many - Convert an external identifier into an
       object path and back

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <systemd/sd-bus.h>

       int sd_bus_path_encode(const char *prefix,
                              const char *external_id, char **ret_path);

       int sd_bus_path_encode_many(char **out,
                                   const char *path_template, ...);

       int sd_bus_path_decode(const char *path, const char *prefix,
                              char **ret_external_id);

       int sd_bus_path_decode_many(const char *path,
                                   const char *path_template, ...);

DESCRIPTION         top

       sd_bus_path_encode() and sd_bus_path_decode() convert external
       identifier strings into object paths and back. These functions
       are useful to map application-specific string identifiers of any
       kind into bus object paths in a simple, reversible and safe way.

       sd_bus_path_encode() takes a bus path prefix and an external
       identifier string as arguments, plus a place to store the
       returned bus path string. The bus path prefix must be a valid bus
       path, starting with a slash "/", and not ending in one. The
       external identifier string may be in any format, may be the empty
       string, and has no restrictions on the charset — however, it must
       always be NUL-terminated. The returned string will be the
       concatenation of the bus path prefix plus an escaped version of
       the external identifier string. This operation may be reversed
       with sd_bus_path_decode(). It is recommended to only use external
       identifiers that generally require little escaping to be turned
       into valid bus path identifiers (for example, by sticking to a
       7-bit ASCII character set), in order to ensure the resulting bus
       path is still short and easily processed.

       sd_bus_path_decode() reverses the operation of
       sd_bus_path_encode() and thus regenerates an external identifier
       string from a bus path. It takes a bus path and a prefix string,
       plus a place to store the returned external identifier string. If
       the bus path does not start with the specified prefix, 0 is
       returned and the returned string is set to NULL. Otherwise, the
       string following the prefix is unescaped and returned in the
       external identifier string.

       The escaping used will replace all characters which are invalid
       in a bus object path by "_", followed by a hexadecimal value. As
       a special case, the empty string will be replaced by a lone "_".

       sd_bus_path_encode_many() works like its counterpart
       sd_bus_path_encode(), but takes a path template as argument and
       encodes multiple labels according to its embedded directives. For
       each "%" character found in the template, the caller must provide
       a string via varargs, which will be encoded and embedded at the
       position of the "%" character. Any other character in the
       template is copied verbatim into the encoded path.

       sd_bus_path_decode_many() does the reverse of
       sd_bus_path_encode_many(). It decodes the passed object path
       according to the given path template. For each "%" character in
       the template, the caller must provide an output storage ("char
       **") via varargs. The decoded label will be stored there. Each
       "%" character will only match the current label. It will never
       match across labels. Furthermore, only a single directive is
       allowed per label. If NULL is passed as output storage, the label
       is verified but not returned to the caller.

RETURN VALUE         top

       On success, sd_bus_path_encode() returns positive or 0, and a
       valid bus path in the return argument. On success,
       sd_bus_path_decode() returns a positive value if the prefixed
       matched, or 0 if it did not. If the prefix matched, the external
       identifier is returned in the return parameter. If it did not
       match, NULL is returned in the return parameter. On failure, a
       negative errno-style error number is returned by either function.
       The returned strings must be free(3)'d by the caller.

NOTES         top

       These APIs are implemented as a shared library, which can be
       compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

SEE ALSO         top

       systemd(1), sd-bus(3), free(3)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service
       manager) project.  Information about the project can be found at
       ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd⟩.  If you have
       a bug report for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/#bugreports⟩.
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/systemd/systemd.git⟩ on 2021-04-01.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2021-04-01.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
       man-pages@man7.org

systemd 248                                        SD_BUS_PATH_ENCODE(3)

Pages that refer to this page: sd-bus(3)sd_bus_message_new_method_call(3)systemd.directives(7)systemd.index(7)