pthread_setcancelstate(3p) — Linux manual page



PROLOG         top

       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The
       Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the
       corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior),
       or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME         top

       pthread_setcancelstate, pthread_setcanceltype, pthread_testcancel
       — set cancelability state

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <pthread.h>

       int pthread_setcancelstate(int state, int *oldstate);
       int pthread_setcanceltype(int type, int *oldtype);
       void pthread_testcancel(void);

DESCRIPTION         top

       The pthread_setcancelstate() function shall atomically both set
       the calling thread's cancelability state to the indicated state
       and return the previous cancelability state at the location
       referenced by oldstate.  Legal values for state are

       The pthread_setcanceltype() function shall atomically both set
       the calling thread's cancelability type to the indicated type and
       return the previous cancelability type at the location referenced
       by oldtype.  Legal values for type are PTHREAD_CANCEL_DEFERRED

       The cancelability state and type of any newly created threads,
       including the thread in which main() was first invoked, shall be

       The pthread_testcancel() function shall create a cancellation
       point in the calling thread. The pthread_testcancel() function
       shall have no effect if cancelability is disabled.

RETURN VALUE         top

       If successful, the pthread_setcancelstate() and
       pthread_setcanceltype() functions shall return zero; otherwise,
       an error number shall be returned to indicate the error.

ERRORS         top

       The pthread_setcancelstate() function may fail if:

       EINVAL The specified state is not PTHREAD_CANCEL_ENABLE or

       The pthread_setcanceltype() function may fail if:

       EINVAL The specified type is not PTHREAD_CANCEL_DEFERRED or

       These functions shall not return an error code of [EINTR].

       The following sections are informative.

EXAMPLES         top



       In order to write a signal handler for an asynchronous signal
       which can run safely in a cancellable thread,
       pthread_setcancelstate() must be used to disable cancellation for
       the duration of any calls that the signal handler makes which are
       cancellation points. However, the standard does not permit
       strictly conforming applications to call pthread_setcancelstate()
       from a signal handler since it is not currently required to be
       async-signal-safe. On implementations where
       pthread_setcancelstate() is not async-signal-safe, alternatives
       are to ensure either that the corresponding signals are blocked
       during execution of functions that are not async-cancel-safe or
       that cancellation is disabled during times when those signals
       could be delivered. Implementations are strongly encouraged to
       make pthread_setcancelstate() async-signal-safe.

RATIONALE         top

       The pthread_setcancelstate() and pthread_setcanceltype()
       functions control the points at which a thread may be
       asynchronously canceled. For cancellation control to be usable in
       modular fashion, some rules need to be followed.

       An object can be considered to be a generalization of a
       procedure. It is a set of procedures and global variables written
       as a unit and called by clients not known by the object. Objects
       may depend on other objects.

       First, cancelability should only be disabled on entry to an
       object, never explicitly enabled. On exit from an object, the
       cancelability state should always be restored to its value on
       entry to the object.

       This follows from a modularity argument: if the client of an
       object (or the client of an object that uses that object) has
       disabled cancelability, it is because the client does not want to
       be concerned about cleaning up if the thread is canceled while
       executing some sequence of actions. If an object is called in
       such a state and it enables cancelability and a cancellation
       request is pending for that thread, then the thread is canceled,
       contrary to the wish of the client that disabled.

       Second, the cancelability type may be explicitly set to either
       deferred or asynchronous upon entry to an object. But as with the
       cancelability state, on exit from an object the cancelability
       type should always be restored to its value on entry to the

       Finally, only functions that are cancel-safe may be called from a
       thread that is asynchronously cancelable.


       The pthread_setcancelstate() function may be added to the table
       of async-signal-safe functions in Section 2.4.3, Signal Actions.

SEE ALSO         top


       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2017, pthread.h(0p)

COPYRIGHT         top

       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic
       form from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information
       Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The
       Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright
       (C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics
       Engineers, Inc and The Open Group.  In the event of any
       discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The
       Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group
       Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be
       obtained online at .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page
       are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of
       the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see .

IEEE/The Open Group               2017           PTHREAD_...CELSTATE(3P)

Pages that refer to this page: pthread.h(0p)pthread_cancel(3p)pthread_cleanup_pop(3p)pthread_testcancel(3p)