logb(3) — Linux manual page


logb(3)                 Library Functions Manual                 logb(3)

NAME         top

       logb, logbf, logbl - get exponent of a floating-point value

LIBRARY         top

       Math library (libm, -lm)

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <math.h>

       double logb(double x);
       float logbf(float x);
       long double logbl(long double x);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see

           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
               || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

       logbf(), logbl():
           _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
               || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
               || /* glibc <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION         top

       These functions extract the exponent from the internal floating-
       point representation of x and return it as a floating-point
       value.  The integer constant FLT_RADIX, defined in <float.h>,
       indicates the radix used for the system's floating-point
       representation.  If FLT_RADIX is 2, logb(x) is equal to
       floor(log2(x)), except that it is probably faster.

       If x is subnormal, logb() returns the exponent x would have if it
       were normalized.

RETURN VALUE         top

       On success, these functions return the exponent of x.

       If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

       If x is zero, then a pole error occurs, and the functions return
       -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, or -HUGE_VALL, respectively.

       If x is negative infinity or positive infinity, then positive
       infinity is returned.

ERRORS         top

       See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an
       error has occurred when calling these functions.

       The following errors can occur:

       Pole error: x is 0
              A divide-by-zero floating-point exception (FE_DIVBYZERO)
              is raised.

       These functions do not set errno.

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       │ Interface                           Attribute     Value   │
       │ logb(), logbf(), logbl()            │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │

STANDARDS         top

       C11, POSIX.1-2008.

HISTORY         top

       C99, POSIX.1-2001.

       logb() 4.3BSD (see IEEE.3 in the 4.3BSD manual).

SEE ALSO         top

       ilogb(3), log(3)

Linux man-pages (unreleased)     (date)                          logb(3)

Pages that refer to this page: ilogb(3)remquo(3)