iconv_open(3) — Linux manual page


ICONV_OPEN(3)             Linux Programmer's Manual            ICONV_OPEN(3)

NAME         top

       iconv_open - allocate descriptor for character set conversion

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <iconv.h>

       iconv_t iconv_open(const char *tocode, const char *fromcode);

DESCRIPTION         top

       The iconv_open() function allocates a conversion descriptor suitable
       for converting byte sequences from character encoding fromcode to
       character encoding tocode.

       The values permitted for fromcode and tocode and the supported
       combinations are system-dependent.  For the GNU C library, the
       permitted values are listed by the iconv --list command, and all
       combinations of the listed values are supported.  Furthermore the GNU
       C library and the GNU libiconv library support the following two

              When the string "//TRANSLIT" is appended to tocode,
              transliteration is activated.  This means that when a
              character cannot be represented in the target character set,
              it can be approximated through one or several similarly
              looking characters.

              When the string "//IGNORE" is appended to tocode, characters
              that cannot be represented in the target character set will be
              silently discarded.

       The resulting conversion descriptor can be used with iconv(3) any
       number of times.  It remains valid until deallocated using

       A conversion descriptor contains a conversion state.  After creation
       using iconv_open(), the state is in the initial state.  Using
       iconv(3) modifies the descriptor's conversion state.  To bring the
       state back to the initial state, use iconv(3) with NULL as inbuf

RETURN VALUE         top

       The iconv_open() function returns a freshly allocated conversion
       descriptor.  In case of error, it sets errno and returns
       (iconv_t) -1.

ERRORS         top

       The following error can occur, among others:

       EINVAL The conversion from fromcode to tocode is not supported by the

VERSIONS         top

       This function is available in glibc since version 2.1.

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see

       │Interface    Attribute     Value          │
       │iconv_open() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe locale │

CONFORMING TO         top

       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SUSv2.

SEE ALSO         top

       iconv(1), iconv(3), iconv_close(3)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 5.09 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at

GNU                              2017-09-15                    ICONV_OPEN(3)

Pages that refer to this page: iconv(1)bind_textdomain_codeset(3)iconv(3)iconv_close(3)