This function will change uid and gid to the ones given while
retaining the capabilities previously specified in capng_update.
It is also possible to specify -1 for either the uid or gid in
which case the function will not change the uid or gid and leave
it "as is". This is useful if you just want the flag options to
be applied (assuming the option doesn't require more privileges
that you currently have).
It is not necessary and perhaps better if capng_apply has not
been called prior to this function so that all necessary
privileges are still intact. The caller may be required to have
CAP_SETPCAP capability still active before calling this function
or capabilities cannot be changed.
This function also takes a flag parameter that helps to tailor
the exact actions performed by the function to secure the
environment. The option may be or'ed together. The legal values
Simply change uid and retain specified capabilities
and that's all.
After changing id, remove any supplement groups
that may still be in effect from the old uid.
After changing id, initialize any supplement groups
that may come with the new account. If given with
CAPNG_DROP_SUPP_GRP it will have no effect.
Clear the bounding set regardless to the internal
representation already setup prior to changing the
Clear ambient capabilities regardless of the
internal representation already setup prior to
changing the uid/gid.
This returns 0 on success and a negative number on failure.
-1 means capng has not been initted properly
-2 means a failure requesting to keep capabilities across
the uid change
-3 means that applying the intermediate capabilities
-4 means changing gid failed
-5 means dropping supplemental groups failed
-6 means changing the uid failed
-7 means dropping the ability to retain caps across a uid
-8 means clearing the bounding set failed
-9 means dropping CAP_SETPCAP or ambient capabilities
-10 means initializing supplemental groups failed
Note: the only safe action to do upon failure of this function is
to probably exit. This is because you are likely in a situation
with partial permissions and not what you intended.
This page is part of the libcap-ng (capabilities commands and
library (NG)) project. Information about the project can be
found at ⟨https://people.redhat.com/sgrubb/libcap-ng/⟩. It is
not known how to report bugs for this man page; if you know,
please send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. This page was obtained
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part of the original manual page), send a mail to
Red Hat Feb 2018 CAPNG_CHANGE_ID(3)