The bkgrndset and wbkgrndset routines manipulate the background
of the named window. The window background is a cchar_t
consisting of any combination of attributes (i.e., rendition) and
a complex character. The attribute part of the background is
combined (OR'ed) with all non-blank characters that are written
into the window with waddch. Both the character and attribute
parts of the background are combined with the blank characters.
The background becomes a property of the character and moves with
the character through any scrolling and insert/delete
To the extent possible on a particular terminal, the attribute
part of the background is displayed as the graphic rendition of
the character put on the screen.
The bkgrnd and wbkgrnd functions set the background property of
the current or specified window and then apply this setting to
every character position in that window:
• The rendition of every character on the screen is changed to
the new background rendition.
• Wherever the former background character appears, it is
changed to the new background character.
The getbkgrnd function returns the given window's current
background character/attribute pair via the wch pointer. If the
given window pointer is null, the character is not updated (but
no error returned).
Note that bkgrnd, bkgrndset, and getbkgrnd may be macros.
X/Open Curses does not provide details on how the rendition is
changed. This implementation follows the approach used in SVr4
curses, which is explained in the manual page for wbkgd.
The bkgrndset and wbkgrndset routines do not return a value.
Upon successful completion, the other functions return OK.
Otherwise, they return ERR:
• A null window pointer is treated as an error.
• A null character pointer is treated as an error.
This page is part of the ncurses (new curses) project.
Information about the project can be found at
⟨https://www.gnu.org/software/ncurses/ncurses.html⟩. If you have
a bug report for this manual page, send it to
email@example.com. This page was obtained from the
project's upstream Git mirror of the CVS repository
⟨git://ncurses.scripts.mit.edu/ncurses.git⟩ on 2021-06-20. (At
that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in
the repository was 2021-05-23.) If you discover any rendering
problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
(which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to