STDBUF(1) User Commands STDBUF(1)
stdbuf - Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its standard streams.
stdbuf OPTION... COMMAND
Run COMMAND, with modified buffering operations for its standard streams. Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too. -i, --input=MODE adjust standard input stream buffering -o, --output=MODE adjust standard output stream buffering -e, --error=MODE adjust standard error stream buffering --help display this help and exit --version output version information and exit If MODE is 'L' the corresponding stream will be line buffered. This option is invalid with standard input. If MODE is '0' the corresponding stream will be unbuffered. Otherwise MODE is a number which may be followed by one of the following: KB 1000, K 1024, MB 1000*1000, M 1024*1024, and so on for G, T, P, E, Z, Y. Binary prefixes can be used, too: KiB=K, MiB=M, and so on. In this case the corresponding stream will be fully buffered with the buffer size set to MODE bytes. NOTE: If COMMAND adjusts the buffering of its standard streams ('tee' does for example) then that will override corresponding changes by 'stdbuf'. Also some filters (like 'dd' and 'cat' etc.) don't use streams for I/O, and are thus unaffected by 'stdbuf' settings.
tail -f access.log | stdbuf -oL cut -d ' ' -f1 | uniq This will immediately display unique entries from access.log
On GLIBC platforms, specifying a buffer size, i.e., using fully buffered mode will result in undefined operation.
Written by Padraig Brady.
GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> Report any translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>
Copyright © 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>. This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
Full documentation <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/stdbuf> or available locally via: info '(coreutils) stdbuf invocation'
This page is part of the coreutils (basic file, shell and text manipulation utilities) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/⟩. This page was obtained from the tarball coreutils-8.32.tar.xz fetched from ⟨http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/coreutils/⟩ on 2020-07-14. If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to email@example.com GNU coreutils 8.32 March 2020 STDBUF(1)
Pages that refer to this page: setbuf(3), setbuffer(3), setlinebuf(3), setvbuf(3)