script(1) — Linux manual page


SCRIPT(1)                       User Commands                      SCRIPT(1)

NAME         top

       script - make typescript of terminal session

SYNOPSIS         top

       script [options] [file]

DESCRIPTION         top

       script makes a typescript of everything on your terminal session.
       The terminal data are stored in raw form to the log file and
       information about timing to another (optional) structured log file.
       The timing log file is necessary to replay the session later by
       scriptreplay(1) and to store additional information about the

       Since version 2.35, script supports multiple streams and allows the
       logging of input and output to separate files or all the one file.
       This version also supports new timing file which records additional
       information.  The command scriptreplay --summary then provides all
       the information.

       If the argument file or option --log-out file is given, script saves
       the dialogue in this file.  If no filename is given, the dialogue is
       saved in the file typescript.

       Note that logging input using --log-in or --log-io may record
       security-sensitive information as the log file contains all terminal
       session input (e.g., passwords) independently of the terminal echo
       flag setting.

OPTIONS         top

       Below, the size argument may be followed by the multiplicative
       suffixes KiB (=1024), MiB (=1024*1024), and so on for GiB, TiB, PiB,
       EiB, ZiB and YiB (the "iB" is optional, e.g., "K" has the same
       meaning as "KiB"), or the suffixes KB (=1000), MB (=1000*1000), and
       so on for GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.

       -a, --append
              Append the output to file or to typescript, retaining the
              prior contents.

       -c, --command command
              Run the command rather than an interactive shell.  This makes
              it easy for a script to capture the output of a program that
              behaves differently when its stdout is not a tty.

       -E, --echo when
              This option controls the ECHO flag for the slave end of the
              session's pseudoterminal.  The supported modes are always,
              never, or auto.

              The default is auto -- in this case, ECHO enabled for the
              pseudoterminal slave; if the current standard input is a
              terminal, ECHO is disabled for it to prevent double echo; if
              the current standard input is not a terminal (for example
              pipe: echo date | script) then keeping ECHO enabled for the
              pseudoterminal slave enables the standard input data to be
              viewed on screen while being recorded to session log

              Note that 'never' mode affects content of the session output
              log, because users input is not repeated on output.

       -e, --return
              Return the exit status of the child process.  Uses the same
              format as bash termination on signal termination (i.e., exit
              status is 128 + the signal number).  The exit status of the
              child process is always stored in the type script file too.

       -f, --flush
              Flush output after each write.  This is nice for
              telecooperation: one person does `mkfifo foo; script -f foo',
              and another can supervise in real-time what is being done
              using `cat foo'.  Note that flush has an impact on
              performance; it's possible to use SIGUSR1 to flush logs on

              Allow the default output file typescript to be a hard or
              symbolic link.  The command will follow a symbolic link.

       -B, --log-io file
              Log input and output to the same file.  Note, this option
              makes sense only if --log-timing is also specified, otherwise
              it's impossible to separate output and input streams from the
              log file.

       -I, --log-in file
              Log input to the file.  The log output is disabled if only
              --log-in specified.

              Use this logging functionality carefully as it logs all input,
              including input when terminal has disabled echo flag (for
              example, password inputs).

       -O, --log-out file
              Log output to the file.  The default is to log output to the
              file with name typescript if the option --log-out or --log-in
              is not given.  The log output is disabled if only --log-in

       -T, --log-timing file
              Log timing information to the file.  Two timing file formats
              are supported now.  The classic format is used when only one
              stream (input or output) logging is enabled.  The multi-stream
              format is used on --log-io or when --log-in and --log-out are
              used together.  See also --logging-format.

       -m, --logging-format format
              Force use of advanced or classic format.  The default is the
              classic format to log only output and the advanced format when
              input as well as output logging is requested.

              Classic format

              The log contains two fields, separated by a space.  The first
              field indicates how much time elapsed since the previous
              output.  The second field indicates how many characters were
              output this time.

              Advanced (multi-stream) format

              The first field is an entry type identifier ('I'nput,
              'O'utput, 'H'eader, 'S'ignal).  The socond field is how much
              time elapsed since the previous entry, and the rest of the
              entry is type-specific data.

       -o, --output-limit size
              Limit the size of the typescript and timing files to size and
              stop the child process after this size is exceeded.  The
              calculated file size does not include the start and done
              messages that the script command prepends and appends to the
              child process output.  Due to buffering, the resulting output
              file might be larger than the specified value.

       -q, --quiet
              Be quiet (do not write start and done messages to standard

       -t[file], --timing[=file]
              Output timing data to standard error, or to file when given.
              This option is deprecated in favour of --log-timing where the
              file argument is not optional.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.

SIGNALS         top

       Upon receiving SIGUSR1, script immediately flushes the output files.

ENVIRONMENT         top

       The following environment variable is utilized by script:

       SHELL  If the variable SHELL exists, the shell forked by script will
              be that shell.  If SHELL is not set, the Bourne shell is
              assumed.  (Most shells set this variable automatically).

NOTES         top

       The script ends when the forked shell exits (a control-D for the
       Bourne shell (sh(1p)), and exit, logout or control-d (if ignoreeof is
       not set) for the C-shell, csh(1)).

       Certain interactive commands, such as vi(1), create garbage in the
       typescript file.  script works best with commands that do not
       manipulate the screen, the results are meant to emulate a hardcopy

       It is not recommended to run script in non-interactive shells.  The
       inner shell of script is always interactive, and this could lead to
       unexpected results.  If you use script in the shell initialization
       file, you have to avoid entering an infinite loop.  You can use for
       example the .profile file, which is read by login shells only:

              if test -t 0 ; then

       You  should  also avoid use of script in command pipes, as script can
       read more input than you would expect.

HISTORY         top

       The script command appeared in 3.0BSD.

BUGS         top

       script places everything in the log file, including linefeeds and
       backspaces.  This is not what the naive user expects.

       script is primarily designed for interactive terminal sessions.  When
       stdin is not a terminal (for example: echo foo | script), then the
       session can hang, because the interactive shell within the script
       session misses EOF and script has no clue when to close the session.
       See the NOTES section for more information.

SEE ALSO         top

       csh(1) (for the history mechanism), scriptreplay(1), scriptlive(1),

AVAILABILITY         top

       The script command is part of the util-linux package and is available
       from Linux Kernel Archive 

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
       utilities) project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a
       bug report for this manual page, send it to  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://⟩ on
       2020-11-01.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that
       was found in the repository was 2020-10-21.)  If you discover any
       rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe
       there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

util-linux                      October 2019                       SCRIPT(1)

Pages that refer to this page: scriptlive(1)scriptreplay(1)pty(7)e2fsck(8)