mysqldump(1) — Linux manual page


MARIADB-DUMP(1)          MariaDB Database System         MARIADB-DUMP(1)

NAME         top

       mariadb-dump - a database backup program (mysqldump is now a
       symlink to mariadb-dump)

SYNOPSIS         top

       mysqldump [options] [db_name [tbl_name ...]]

DESCRIPTION         top

       The mysqldump client is a backup program originally written by
       Igor Romanenko. It can be used to dump a database or a collection
       of databases for backup or transfer to another SQL server (not
       necessarily a MariaDB server). The dump typically contains SQL
       statements to create the table, populate it, or both. However,
       mysqldump can also be used to generate files in CSV, other
       delimited text, or XML format.

       If you are doing a backup on the server and your tables all are
       MyISAM tables, consider using the mysqlhotcopy instead because it
       can accomplish faster backups and faster restores. See

       There are four general ways to invoke mysqldump:

           shell> mysqldump [options] db_name [tbl_name ...]
           shell> mysqldump [options] --databases db_name ...
           shell> mysqldump [options] --all-databases
           shell> mysqldump [options] --system={options}

       If you do not name any tables following db_name or if you use the
       --databases or --all-databases option, entire databases are

       mysqldump does not dump the INFORMATION_SCHEMA or
       performance_schema databases by default. To dump these, name them
       explicitly on the command line, although you must also use the
       --skip-lock-tables option.

       To see a list of the options your version of mysqldump supports,
       execute mysqldump --help.

       Some mysqldump options are shorthand for groups of other options:

       •   Use of --opt is the same as specifying --add-drop-table,
           --add-locks, --create-options, --disable-keys,
           --extended-insert, --lock-tables, --quick, and --set-charset.
           All of the options that --opt stands for also are on by
           default because --opt is on by default.

       •   Use of --compact is the same as specifying
           --skip-add-drop-table, --skip-add-locks, --skip-comments,
           --skip-disable-keys, and --skip-set-charset options.

       To reverse the effect of a group option, uses its --skip-xxx form
       (--skip-opt or --skip-compact). It is also possible to select
       only part of the effect of a group option by following it with
       options that enable or disable specific features. Here are some

       •   To select the effect of --opt except for some features, use
           the --skip option for each feature. To disable extended
           inserts and memory buffering, use --opt
           --skip-extended-insert --skip-quick. (Actually,
           --skip-extended-insert --skip-quick is sufficient because
           --opt is on by default.)

       •   To reverse --opt for all features except index disabling and
           table locking, use --skip-opt --disable-keys --lock-tables.

       When you selectively enable or disable the effect of a group
       option, order is important because options are processed first to
       last. For example, --disable-keys --lock-tables --skip-opt would
       not have the intended effect; it is the same as --skip-opt by

       mysqldump can retrieve and dump table contents row by row, or it
       can retrieve the entire content from a table and buffer it in
       memory before dumping it. Buffering in memory can be a problem if
       you are dumping large tables. To dump tables row by row, use the
       --quick option (or --opt, which enables --quick). The --opt
       option (and hence --quick) is enabled by default, so to enable
       memory buffering, use --skip-quick.

       If you are using a recent version of mysqldump to generate a dump
       to be reloaded into a very old MySQL server, you should not use
       the --opt or --extended-insert option. Use --skip-opt instead.

       mysqldump supports the following options, which can be specified
       on the command line or in the [mysqldump] and [client] option
       file groups.  mysqldump also supports the options for processing
       option file.

       •   --help, -?

           Display a help message and exit.

       •   --add-drop-database

           Add a DROP DATABASE statement before each CREATE DATABASE
           statement. This option is typically used in conjunction with
           the --all-databases or --databases option because no CREATE
           DATABASE statements are written unless one of those options
           is specified.

       •   --add-drop-table

           Add a DROP TABLE statement before each CREATE TABLE

       •   --add-drop-trigger

           Add a DROP TRIGGER statement before each CREATE TRIGGER

       •   --add-locks

           Surround each table dump with LOCK TABLES and UNLOCK TABLES
           statements. This results in faster inserts when the dump file
           is reloaded.

       •   --all-databases, -A

           Dump all tables in all databases. This is the same as using
           the --databases option and naming all the databases on the
           command line.

       •   --all-tablespaces, -Y

           Adds to a table dump all SQL statements needed to create any
           tablespaces used by an NDBCLUSTER table. This information is
           not otherwise included in the output from mysqldump. This
           option is currently relevant only to MySQL Cluster tables.

       •   --allow-keywords

           Allow creation of column names that are keywords. This works
           by prefixing each column name with the table name.

       •   --apply-slave-statements

           Adds 'STOP SLAVE' prior to 'CHANGE MASTER' and 'START SLAVE'
           to bottom of dump.

       •   --character-sets-dir=path

           The directory where character sets are installed.

       •   --comments, -i

           Write additional information in the dump file such as program
           version, server version, and host. This option is enabled by
           default. To suppress this additional information, use

       •   --compact

           Produce more compact output. This option enables the
           --skip-add-drop-table, --skip-add-locks, --skip-comments,
           --skip-disable-keys, and --skip-set-charset options.

       •   --compatible=name

           Produce output that is more compatible with other database
           systems or with older MySQL servers. The value of name can be
           ansi, mysql323, mysql40, postgresql, oracle, mssql, db2,
           maxdb, no_key_options, no_table_options, or no_field_options.
           To use several values, separate them by commas. These values
           have the same meaning as the corresponding options for
           setting the server SQL mode.

           This option does not guarantee compatibility with other
           servers. It only enables those SQL mode values that are
           currently available for making dump output more compatible.
           For example, --compatible=oracle does not map data types to
           Oracle types or use Oracle comment syntax.

       •   --complete-insert, -c

           Use complete INSERT statements that include column names.

       •   --compress, -C

           Compress all information sent between the client and the
           server if both support compression.

       •   --copy-s3-tables

           By default S3 tables are ignored. With this option set, the
           result file will contain a CREATE statement for a similar
           Aria table, followed by the table data and ending with an
           ALTER TABLE xxx ENGINE=S3.

       •   --create-options, -a

           Include all MariaDB-specific table options in the CREATE
           TABLE statements. Use --skip-create-options to disable.

       •   --databases, -B

           Dump several databases. Normally, mysqldump treats the first
           name argument on the command line as a database name and
           following names as table names. With this option, it treats
           all name arguments as database names.  CREATE DATABASE and
           USE statements are included in the output before each new

       •   --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

           Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is
           ´d:t:o,file_name´. The default value is

       •   --debug-check

           Print some debugging information when the program exits.

       •   --debug-info

           Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage
           statistics when the program exits.

       •   --default-auth

           Default authentication client-side plugin to use.

       •   --default-character-set=charset_name

           Use charset_name as the default character set. If no
           character set is specified, mysqldump uses utf8.

       •   --defaults-extra-file=filename

           Set filename as the file to read default options from after
           the global defaults files has been read.  Must be given as
           first option.

       •   --defaults-file=filename

           Set filename as the file to read default options from,
           override global defaults files.  Must be given as first

       •   --defaults-group-suffix=str,

           Also read groups with a suffix of str. For example, since
           mysqldump normally reads the [client] and [mysqldump] groups,
           --defaults-group-suffix=x would cause it to also read the
           groups [mysqldump_x] and [client_x].

       •   --delayed-insert

           Write INSERT DELAYED statements rather than INSERT

       •   --delete-master-logs

           On a master replication server, delete the binary logs by
           sending a PURGE BINARY LOGS statement to the server after
           performing the dump operation. This option automatically
           enables --master-data.

       •   --disable-keys, -K

           For each table, surround the INSERT statements with /*!40000
           ALTER TABLE tbl_name DISABLE KEYS */; and /*!40000 ALTER
           TABLE tbl_name ENABLE KEYS */; statements. This makes loading
           the dump file faster because the indexes are created after
           all rows are inserted. This option is effective only for
           nonunique indexes of MyISAM tables.

       •   --dump-date

           If the --comments option is given, mysqldump produces a
           comment at the end of the dump of the following form:

               -- Dump completed on DATE

           However, the date causes dump files taken at different times
           to appear to be different, even if the data are otherwise
           identical.  --dump-date and --skip-dump-date control whether
           the date is added to the comment. The default is --dump-date
           (include the date in the comment).  --skip-dump-date
           suppresses date printing

       •   --dump-slave[=value]

           Used for producing a dump file from a replication slave
           server that can be used to set up another slave server with
           the same master. Causes the binary log position and filename
           of the master to be appended to the dumped data output.
           Setting the value to 1 (the default) will print it as a
           CHANGE MASTER command in the dumped data output; if set to 2,
           that command will be prefixed with a comment symbol. This
           option will turn --lock-all-tables on, unless --single-
           transaction is specified too (in which case a global read
           lock is only taken a short time at the beginning of the dump
           - don't forget to read about --single-transaction below). In
           all cases any action on logs will happen at the exact moment
           of the dump. Option automatically turns --lock-tables off.
           Using this option causes mysqldump to stop the slave SQL
           thread before beginning the dump, and restart it again after

       •   --events, -E

           Include Event Scheduler events for the dumped databases in
           the output.

       •   --extended-insert, -e

           Use multiple-row INSERT syntax that include several VALUES
           lists. This results in a smaller dump file and speeds up
           inserts when the file is reloaded.

       •   --fields-terminated-by=..., --fields-enclosed-by=...,
           --fields-optionally-enclosed-by=..., --fields-escaped-by=...

           These options are used with the --tab option and have the
           same meaning as the corresponding FIELDS clauses for LOAD
           DATA INFILE.

       •   --first-slave

           Removed in MariaDB 5.5. Use --lock-all-tables instead.

       •   --flashback, -B

           Support flashback mode.

       •   --flush-logs, -F

           Flush the MariaDB server log files before starting the dump.
           This option requires the RELOAD privilege. If you use this
           option in combination with the --all-databases option, the
           logs are flushed for each database dumped. The exception is
           when using --lock-all-tables or --master-data: In this case,
           the logs are flushed only once, corresponding to the moment
           that all tables are locked. If you want your dump and the log
           flush to happen at exactly the same moment, you should use
           --flush-logs together with either --lock-all-tables or

       •   --flush-privileges

           Send a FLUSH PRIVILEGES statement to the server after dumping
           the mysql database. This option should be used any time the
           dump contains the mysql database and any other database that
           depends on the data in the mysql database for proper

       •   --force, -f

           Continue even if an SQL error occurs during a table dump.

           One use for this option is to cause mysqldump to continue
           executing even when it encounters a view that has become
           invalid because the definition refers to a table that has
           been dropped. Without --force, mysqldump exits with an error
           message. With --force, mysqldump prints the error message,
           but it also writes an SQL comment containing the view
           definition to the dump output and continues executing.

       •   --gtid

           Available from MariaDB 10.0.13, and is used together with
           --master-data and --dump-slave to more conveniently set up a
           new GTID slave. It causes those options to output SQL
           statements that configure the slave to use the global
           transaction ID to connect to the master instead of old-style
           filename/offset positions. The old-style positions are still
           included in comments when --gtid is used; likewise the GTID
           position is included in comments even if --gtid is not used.

       •   --hex-blob

           Dump binary columns using hexadecimal notation (for example,
           ´abc´ becomes 0x616263). The affected data types are BINARY,
           VARBINARY, the BLOB types, and BIT.

       •   --host=host_name, -h host_name

           Dump data from the MariaDB server on the given host. The
           default host is localhost.

       •   --ignore-table=db_name.tbl_name

           Do not dump the given table, which must be specified using
           both the database and table names. To ignore multiple tables,
           use this option multiple times. This option also can be used
           to ignore views.

       •   --include-master-host-port

           Add the MASTER_HOST and MASTER_PORT options for the CHANGE
           MASTER TO statement when using the --dump-slave option for a
           slave dump.

       •   --insert-ignore

           Write INSERT IGNORE statements rather than INSERT statements.

       •   --lines-terminated-by=...

           This option is used with the --tab option and has the same
           meaning as the corresponding LINES clause for LOAD DATA

       •   --lock-all-tables, -x

           Lock all tables across all databases. This is achieved by
           acquiring a global read lock for the duration of the whole
           dump. This option automatically turns off
           --single-transaction and --lock-tables.

       •   --lock-tables, -l

           For each dumped database, lock all tables to be dumped before
           dumping them. The tables are locked with READ LOCAL to allow
           concurrent inserts in the case of MyISAM tables. For
           transactional tables such as InnoDB, --single-transaction is
           a much better option than --lock-tables because it does not
           need to lock the tables at all.

           Because --lock-tables locks tables for each database
           separately, this option does not guarantee that the tables in
           the dump file are logically consistent between databases.
           Tables in different databases may be dumped in completely
           different states.

           Use --skip-lock-tables to disable.

       •   --log-error=file_name

           Log warnings and errors by appending them to the named file.
           The default is to do no logging.

       •   --log-queries

           When restoring the dump, the server will, if logging is
           turned on, log the queries to the general and slow query log.
           Defaults to on; use --skip-log-queries to disable.

       •   --master-data[=value]

           Use this option to dump a master replication server to
           produce a dump file that can be used to set up another server
           as a slave of the master. It causes the dump output to
           include a CHANGE MASTER TO statement that indicates the
           binary log coordinates (file name and position) of the dumped
           server. These are the master server coordinates from which
           the slave should start replicating after you load the dump
           file into the slave.

           If the option value is 2, the CHANGE MASTER TO statement is
           written as an SQL comment, and thus is informative only; it
           has no effect when the dump file is reloaded. If the option
           value is 1, the statement is not written as a comment and
           takes effect when the dump file is reloaded. If no option
           value is specified, the default value is 1.

           This option requires the RELOAD privilege and the binary log
           must be enabled.

           The --master-data option automatically turns off
           --lock-tables. It also turns on --lock-all-tables, unless
           --single-transaction also is specified. In all cases, any
           action on logs happens at the exact moment of the dump.

           It is also possible to set up a slave by dumping an existing
           slave of the master. To do this, use the following procedure
           on the existing slave:

            1. Stop the slave´s SQL thread and get its current status:

                   mysql> STOP SLAVE SQL_THREAD;
                   mysql> SHOW SLAVE STATUS;

            2. From the output of the SHOW SLAVE STATUS statement, the
               binary log coordinates of the master server from which
               the new slave should start replicating are the values of
               the Relay_Master_Log_File and Exec_Master_Log_Pos fields.
               Denote those values as file_name and file_pos.

            3. Dump the slave server:

                   shell> mysqldump --master-data=2 --all-databases > dumpfile

            4. Restart the slave:

                   mysql> START SLAVE;

            5. On the new slave, load the dump file:

                   shell> mysql < dumpfile

            6. On the new slave, set the replication coordinates to
               those of the master server obtained earlier:

                   mysql> CHANGE MASTER TO
                       -> MASTER_LOG_FILE = ´file_name´, MASTER_LOG_POS = file_pos;

               The CHANGE MASTER TO statement might also need other
               parameters, such as MASTER_HOST to point the slave to the
               correct master server host. Add any such parameters as

       •   --max-allowed-packet=length

           Sets the maximum packet length to send to or receive from

       •   --max-statement-time=seconds

           Sets the maximum time any statement can run before being
           timed out by the server. (Default value is 0 (no limit))

       •   --net-buffer-length=length

           Sets the buffer size for TCP/IP and socket communication.

       •   --no-autocommit

           Enclose the INSERT statements for each dumped table within
           SET autocommit = 0 and COMMIT statements.

       •   --no-create-db, -n

           This option suppresses the CREATE DATABASE statements that
           are otherwise included in the output if the --databases or
           --all-databases option is given.

       •   --no-create-info, -t

           Do not write CREATE TABLE statements that re-create each
           dumped table.

       •   --no-data, -d

           Do not write any table row information (that is, do not dump
           table contents). This is useful if you want to dump only the
           CREATE TABLE statement for the table (for example, to create
           an empty copy of the table by loading the dump file).

       •   --no-defaults

           Do not read default options from any option file. This must
           be given as the first argument.

       •   --no-set-names, -N

           This has the same effect as --skip-set-charset.

       •   --opt

           This option is shorthand. It is the same as specifying
           --add-drop-table --add-locks --create-options --disable-keys
           --extended-insert --lock-tables --quick --set-charset. It
           should give you a fast dump operation and produce a dump file
           that can be reloaded into a MariaDB server quickly.

           The --opt option is enabled by default. Use --skip-opt to
           disable it.  See the discussion at the beginning of this
           section for information about selectively enabling or
           disabling a subset of the options affected by --opt.

       •   --order-by-primary

           Dump each table´s rows sorted by its primary key, or by its
           first unique index, if such an index exists. This is useful
           when dumping a MyISAM table to be loaded into an InnoDB
           table, but will make the dump operation take considerably

       •   --password[=password], -p[password]

           The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use
           the short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between
           the option and the password. If you omit the password value
           following the --password or -p option on the command line,
           mysqldump prompts for one.

           Specifying a password on the command line should be
           considered insecure. You can use an option file to avoid
           giving the password on the command line.

       •   --pipe, -W

           On Windows, connect to the server via a named pipe. This
           option applies only if the server supports named-pipe

       •   --plugin-dir

           Directory for client-side plugins.

       •   --port=port_num, -P port_num

           The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.  Forces
           --protocol=tcp when specified on the command line without
           other connection properties.

       •   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

           The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server.
           It is useful when the other connection parameters normally
           would cause a protocol to be used other than the one you

       •   --quick, -q

           This option is useful for dumping large tables. It forces
           mysqldump to retrieve rows for a table from the server a row
           at a time rather than retrieving the entire row set and
           buffering it in memory before writing it out.

       •   --print-defaults

           Print the program argument list and exit. This must be given
           as the first argument.

       •   --quote-names, -Q

           Quote identifiers (such as database, table, and column names)
           within “`” characters. If the ANSI_QUOTES SQL mode is
           enabled, identifiers are quoted within “"” characters. This
           option is enabled by default. It can be disabled with
           --skip-quote-names, but this option should be given after any
           option such as --compatible that may enable --quote-names.

       •   --replace

           Write REPLACE statements rather than INSERT statements.

       •   --result-file=file_name, -r file_name

           Direct output to a given file. This option should be used on
           Windows to prevent newline “\n” characters from being
           converted to “\r\n” carriage return/newline sequences. The
           result file is created and its previous contents overwritten,
           even if an error occurs while generating the dump.

       •   --routines, -R

           Included stored routines (procedures and functions) for the
           dumped databases in the output. Use of this option requires
           the SELECT privilege for the mysql.proc table. The output
           generated by using --routines contains CREATE PROCEDURE and
           CREATE FUNCTION statements to re-create the routines.
           However, these statements do not include attributes such as
           the routine creation and modification timestamps. This means
           that when the routines are reloaded, they will be created
           with the timestamps equal to the reload time.

           If you require routines to be re-created with their original
           timestamp attributes, do not use --routines. Instead, dump
           and reload the contents of the mysql.proc table directly,
           using a MariaDB account that has appropriate privileges for
           the mysql database.

       •   --set-charset

           Add SET NAMES default_character_set to the output. This
           option is enabled by default. To suppress the SET NAMES
           statement, use --skip-set-charset.

       •   --single-transaction

           This option sends a START TRANSACTION SQL statement to the
           server before dumping data. It is useful only with
           transactional tables such as InnoDB, because then it dumps
           the consistent state of the database at the time when BEGIN
           was issued without blocking any applications.

           When using this option, you should keep in mind that only
           InnoDB tables are dumped in a consistent state. For example,
           any MyISAM or MEMORY tables dumped while using this option
           may still change state.

           While a --single-transaction dump is in process, to ensure a
           valid dump file (correct table contents and binary log
           coordinates), no other connection should use the following
           TABLE, TRUNCATE TABLE. A consistent read is not isolated from
           those statements, so use of them on a table to be dumped can
           cause the SELECT that is performed by mysqldump to retrieve
           the table contents to obtain incorrect contents or fail.

           The --single-transaction option and the --lock-tables option
           are mutually exclusive because LOCK TABLES causes any pending
           transactions to be committed implicitly.

           To dump large tables, you should combine the
           --single-transaction option with --quick.

       •   --skip-add-drop-table

           Disable the --add-drop-table option.

       •   --skip-add-locks

           Disable the --add-locks option.

       •   --skip-comments

           Disable the --comments option.

       •   --skip-compact

           Disable the --compact option.

       •   --skip-disable-keys

           Disable the --disable-keys option.

       •   --skip-extended-insert

           Disable the --extended-insert option.

       •   --skip-opt

           Disable the --opt option.

       •   --skip-quick

           Disable the --quick option.

       •   --skip-quote-names

           Disable the --quote-names option.

       •   --skip-set-charset

           Disable the --set-charset option.

       •   --skip-triggers

           Disable the --triggers option.

       •   --skip-tz-utc

           Disable the --tz-utc option.

       •   --socket=path, -S path

           For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use,
           or, on Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.  Forces
           --protocol=socket when specified on the command line without
           other connection properties; on Windows, forces

       •   --ssl

           Enable SSL for connection (automatically enabled with other
           flags). Disable with --skip-ssl.

       •   --ssl-ca=name

           CA file in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-capath=name

           CA directory (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-cert=name

           X509 cert in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-cipher=name

           SSL cipher to use (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-key=name

           X509 key in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-crl=name

           Certificate revocation list (check OpenSSL docs, implies

       •   --ssl-crlpath=name

           Certificate revocation list path (check OpenSSL docs, implies

       •   --ssl-verify-server-cert

           Verify server's "Common Name" in its cert against hostname
           used when connecting. This option is disabled by default.

       •   --system={all, users, plugins, udfs, servers, stats,

           Dump the system tables in the mysql database in a logical
           form. This option is an empty set by default.

           One or more options can be listed in comma separated list.

           The options here are:

           •   all - an alias to enabling all of the below options.
           •   users - the users, roles and their grants outputed as
               (ALTER USER for MySQL-8.0+).
           •   plugins - active plugins of the server outputed as
               INSTALL PLUGIN.
           •   udfs - user define functions outputed as CREATE FUNCTION.
           •   servers - remote (federated) servers as CREATE SERVER.
           •   stats - statistics tables, InnoDB and Engine Independent
               Table Statistics (EITS), are dumped as REPLACE INTO (or
               INSERT IGNORE if --insert-ignore is specified) statements
               without (re)creating tables.
           •   timezones - timezone related system tables dumped as
               REPLACE INTO (or INSERT IGNORE if --insert-ignore is
               specified) statements without (re)creating tables.

           The format of the output is affected by --replace and
           --insert-ignore. The --replace option will output CREATE OR
           REPLACE forms of SQL, and also DROP IF EXISTS prior to
           CREATE, if a CREATE OR REPLACE option isn't available.

           With --system=user (or all), and --replace, SQL is generated
           to generate an error if attempting to import the dump with a
           connection user that is being replaced within the dump.

           The --insert-ignore option will cause CREATE IF NOT EXIST
           forms of SQL to generated if available.

           For stats, and timezones, --replace and --insert-ignore have
           the usual effects.

           Enabling specific options here will cause the relevant tables
           in the mysql database to be ignored when dumping the mysql
           database or --all-databases.

           To help in migrating from MySQL to MariaDB, this option is
           designed to be able to dump system information from MySQL-5.7
           and 8.0 servers. SQL generated is also experimentally
           compatible with MySQL-5.7/8.0. Mappings of implementation
           specific grants/plugins isn't always one-to-one however
           between MariaDB and MySQL and will require manual changes.

       •   --tab=path, -T path

           Produce tab-separated text-format data files. For each dumped
           table, mysqldump creates a tbl_name.sql file that contains
           the CREATE TABLE statement that creates the table, and the
           server writes a tbl_name.txt file that contains its data. The
           option value is the directory in which to write the files.

               This option should be used only when mysqldump is run on
               the same machine as the mysqld server. You must have the
               FILE privilege, and the server must have permission to
               write files in the directory that you specify.
           By default, the .txt data files are formatted using tab
           characters between column values and a newline at the end of
           each line. The format can be specified explicitly using the
           --fields-xxx and --lines-terminated-by options.

           Column values are converted to the character set specified by
           the --default-character-set option.

       •   --tables

           Override the --databases or -B option.  mysqldump regards all
           name arguments following the option as table names.

       •   --triggers

           Include triggers for each dumped table in the output. This
           option is enabled by default; disable it with

       •   --tz-utc

           This option enables TIMESTAMP columns to be dumped and
           reloaded between servers in different time zones.  mysqldump
           sets its connection time zone to UTC and adds SET
           TIME_ZONE=´+00:00´ to the dump file. Without this option,
           TIMESTAMP columns are dumped and reloaded in the time zones
           local to the source and destination servers, which can cause
           the values to change if the servers are in different time
           zones.  --tz-utc also protects against changes due to
           daylight saving time.  --tz-utc is enabled by default. To
           disable it, use --skip-tz-utc.

       •   --user=user_name, -u user_name

           The MariaDB user name to use when connecting to the server.

       •   --verbose, -v

           Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program

       •   --version, -V

           Display version information and exit.

       •   --where=´where_condition´, -w ´where_condition´

           Dump only rows selected by the given WHERE condition. Quotes
           around the condition are mandatory if it contains spaces or
           other characters that are special to your command



       •   --xml, -X

           Write dump output as well-formed XML.

           NULL, ´NULL´, and Empty Values: For a column named
           column_name, the NULL value, an empty string, and the string
           value ´NULL´ are distinguished from one another in the output
           generated by this option as follows.
           │ Value:                │ XML Representation:               │
           │ NULL (unknown value)  │ <field name="column_name"         │
           │                       │ xsi:nil="true" />                 │
           │ ´´ (empty string)     │ <field                            │
           │                       │ name="column_name"></field>       │
           │ ´NULL´ (string value) │ <field                            │
           │                       │ name="column_name">NULL</field>   │

           The output from the mysql client when run using the --xml
           option also follows the preceding rules. (See the section
           called “MYSQL OPTIONS”.)

           XML output from mysqldump includes the XML namespace, as
           shown here:

               shell> mysqldump --xml -u root world City
               <?xml version="1.0"?>
               <mysqldump xmlns:xsi="">
               <database name="world">
               <table_structure name="City">
               <field Field="ID" Type="int(11)" Null="NO" Key="PRI" Extra="auto_increment" />
               <field Field="Name" Type="char(35)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
               <field Field="CountryCode" Type="char(3)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
               <field Field="District" Type="char(20)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="" Extra="" />
               <field Field="Population" Type="int(11)" Null="NO" Key="" Default="0" Extra="" />
               <key Table="City" Non_unique="0" Key_name="PRIMARY" Seq_in_index="1" Column_name="ID"
               Collation="A" Cardinality="4079" Null="" Index_type="BTREE" Comment="" />
               <options Name="City" Engine="MyISAM" Version="10" Row_format="Fixed" Rows="4079"
               Avg_row_length="67" Data_length="273293" Max_data_length="18858823439613951"
               Index_length="43008" Data_free="0" Auto_increment="4080"
               Create_time="2007-03-31 01:47:01" Update_time="2007-03-31 01:47:02"
               Collation="latin1_swedish_ci" Create_options="" Comment="" />
               <table_data name="City">
               <field name="ID">1</field>
               <field name="Name">Kabul</field>
               <field name="CountryCode">AFG</field>
               <field name="District">Kabol</field>
               <field name="Population">1780000</field>
               <field name="ID">4079</field>
               <field name="Name">Rafah</field>
               <field name="CountryCode">PSE</field>
               <field name="District">Rafah</field>
               <field name="Population">92020</field>

       You can also set the following variables by using
       --var_name=value syntax:

       •   max_allowed_packet

           The maximum size of the buffer for client/server
           communication. The maximum is 1GB.

       •   max_statement_time

           A query that has taken more than max_statement_time seconds
           will be aborted and the backup will fail. The argument will
           be treated as a decimal value with microsecond precision. A
           value of 0 (default) means no timeout. The maximum timeout is
           31536000 seconds.

       •   net_buffer_length

           The initial size of the buffer for client/server
           communication. When creating multiple-row INSERT statements
           (as with the --extended-insert or --opt option), mysqldump
           creates rows up to net_buffer_length length. If you increase
           this variable, you should also ensure that the
           net_buffer_length variable in the MariaDB server is at least
           this large.

       A common use of mysqldump is for making a backup of an entire

           shell> mysqldump db_name > backup-file.sql

       You can load the dump file back into the server like this:

           shell> mysql db_name < backup-file.sql

       Or like this:

           shell> mysql -e "source /path-to-backup/backup-file.sql" db_name

       mysqldump is also very useful for populating databases by copying
       data from one MariaDB server to another:

           shell> mysqldump --opt db_name | mysql --host=remote_host -C db_name

       It is possible to dump several databases with one command:

           shell> mysqldump --databases db_name1 [db_name2 ...] > my_databases.sql

       To dump all databases, use the --all-databases option:

           shell> mysqldump --all-databases > all_databases.sql

       For InnoDB tables, mysqldump provides a way of making an online

           shell> mysqldump --all-databases --single-transaction > all_databases.sql

       This backup acquires a global read lock on all tables (using
       FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK) at the beginning of the dump. As
       soon as this lock has been acquired, the binary log coordinates
       are read and the lock is released. If long updating statements
       are running when the FLUSH statement is issued, the MariaDB
       server may get stalled until those statements finish. After that,
       the dump becomes lock free and does not disturb reads and writes
       on the tables. If the update statements that the MariaDB server
       receives are short (in terms of execution time), the initial lock
       period should not be noticeable, even with many updates.

       For point-in-time recovery (also known as “roll-forward,” when
       you need to restore an old backup and replay the changes that
       happened since that backup), it is often useful to rotate the
       binary log or at least know the binary log coordinates to which
       the dump corresponds:

           shell> mysqldump --all-databases --master-data=2 > all_databases.sql


           shell> mysqldump --all-databases --flush-logs --master-data=2
                         > all_databases.sql

       The --master-data and --single-transaction options can be used
       simultaneously, which provides a convenient way to make an online
       backup suitable for use prior to point-in-time recovery if tables
       are stored using the InnoDB storage engine.

       If you encounter problems backing up views, please read the
       section that covers restrictions on views which describes a
       workaround for backing up views when this fails due to
       insufficient privileges.

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2008-2010 Sun Microsystems, Inc.,
       2010-2020 MariaDB Foundation

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it
       and/or modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public
       License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
       of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be
       useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
       along with the program; if not, write to the Free Software
       Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
       02110-1335 USA or see

SEE ALSO         top

       For more information, please refer to the MariaDB Knowledge Base,
       available online at

AUTHOR         top

       MariaDB Foundation (

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the MariaDB (MariaDB database server)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual
       page, see ⟨⟩.
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-05-11.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

MariaDB 10.8                 24 October 2020             MARIADB-DUMP(1)

Pages that refer to this page: mysql(1)