mysqladmin(1) — Linux manual page


MARIADB-ADMIN(1)         MariaDB Database System        MARIADB-ADMIN(1)

NAME         top

       mariadb-admin - client for administering a MariaDB server
       (mysqladmin is now a symlink to mariadb-admin)

SYNOPSIS         top

       mysqladmin [options] command [command-arg] [command

DESCRIPTION         top

       mysqladmin is a client for performing administrative operations.
       You can use it to check the server´s configuration and current
       status, to create and drop databases, and more.

       Invoke mysqladmin like this:

           shell> mysqladmin [options] command [command-arg] [command [command-arg]] ...

       mysqladmin supports the following commands. Some of the commands
       take an argument following the command name.

       •   create db_name

           Create a new database named db_name.

       •   debug

           Tell the server to write debug information to the error log.

           This also includes information about the Event Scheduler.

       •   drop db_name

           Delete the database named db_name and all its tables.

       •   extended-status

           Display the server status variables and their values.

       •   flush-all-statistics

           Flush all statistics tables.

       •   flush-all-status

           Flush all status and statistics.

       •   flush-binary-log

           Flush the binary log.

       •   flush-client-statistics

           Flush client statistics.

       •   flush-engine-log

           Flush engine log.

       •   flush-error-log

           Flush error log.

       •   flush-general-log

           Flush general query log.

       •   flush-hosts

           Flush all information in the host cache.

       •   flush-index-statistics

           Flush index statistics.

       •   flush-logs

           Flush all logs.

       •   flush-privileges

           Reload the grant tables (same as reload).

       •   flush-relay-log

           Flush relay log.

       •   flush-slow-log

           Flush slow query log.

       •   flush-ssl

           Flush SSL certificates.

       •   flush-status

           Clear status variables.

       •   flush-table-statistics

           Flush table statistics.

       •   flush-tables

           Flush all tables.

       •   flush-threads

           Flush the thread cache.

       •   flush-user-resources

           Flush user resources.

       •   kill id,id,...

           Kill server threads. If multiple thread ID values are given,
           there must be no spaces in the list.

       •   old-password new-password

           This is like the password command but stores the password
           using the old (pre MySQL 4.1) password-hashing format.

       •   password new-password

           Set a new password. This changes the password to new-password
           for the account that you use with mysqladmin for connecting
           to the server. Thus, the next time you invoke mysqladmin (or
           any other client program) using the same account, you will
           need to specify the new password.

           If the new-password value contains spaces or other characters
           that are special to your command interpreter, you need to
           enclose it within quotes. On Windows, be sure to use double
           quotes rather than single quotes; single quotes are not
           stripped from the password, but rather are interpreted as
           part of the password. For example:

               shell> mysqladmin password "my new password"

               Do not use this command used if the server was started
               with the --skip-grant-tables option. No password change
               will be applied. This is true even if you precede the
               password command with flush-privileges on the same
               command line to re-enable the grant tables because the
               flush operation occurs after you connect. However, you
               can use mysqladmin flush-privileges to re-enable the
               grant table and then use a separate mysqladmin password
               command to change the password.

       •   ping

           Check whether the server is alive. The return status from
           mysqladmin is 0 if the server is running, 1 if it is not.
           This is 0 even in case of an error such as Access denied,
           because this means that the server is running but refused the
           connection, which is different from the server not running.

       •   processlist

           Show a list of active server threads. This is like the output
           of the SHOW PROCESSLIST statement. If the --verbose option is
           given, the output is like that of SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST.

       •   reload

           Reload the grant tables.

       •   refresh

           Flush all tables and close and open log files.

       •   shutdown

           Stop the server.

       •   start-all-slaves

           Start all slaves.

       •   start-slave

           Start replication on a slave server.

       •   status

           Display a short server status message.

       •   stop-all-slaves

           Stop all slaves.

       •   stop-slave

           Stop replication on a slave server.

       •   variables

           Display the server system variables and their values.

       •   version

           Display version information from the server.

       All commands can be shortened to any unique prefix. For example:

           shell> mysqladmin proc stat
           | Id | User  | Host      | db | Command | Time | State | Info             |
           | 51 | monty | localhost |    | Query   | 0    |       | show processlist |
           Uptime: 1473624  Threads: 1  Questions: 39487
           Slow queries: 0  Opens: 541  Flush tables: 1
           Open tables: 19  Queries per second avg: 0.0268

       The mysqladmin status command result displays the following

       •   Uptime

           The number of seconds the MariaDB server has been running.

       •   Threads

           The number of active threads (clients).

       •   Questions

           The number of questions (queries) from clients since the
           server was started.

       •   Slow queries

           The number of queries that have taken more than
           long_query_time seconds.

       •   Opens

           The number of tables the server has opened.

       •   Flush tables

           The number of flush-*, refresh, and reload commands the
           server has executed.

       •   Open tables

           The number of tables that currently are open.

       •   Memory in use

           The amount of memory allocated directly by mysqld. This value
           is displayed only when MariaDB has been compiled with

       •   Maximum memory used

           The maximum amount of memory allocated directly by mysqld.
           This value is displayed only when MariaDB has been compiled
           with --with-debug=full.

       If you execute mysqladmin shutdown when connecting to a local
       server using a Unix socket file, mysqladmin waits until the
       server´s process ID file has been removed, to ensure that the
       server has stopped properly.

       mysqladmin supports the following options, which can be specified
       on the command line or in the [mysqladmin] and [client] option
       file groups.

       •   --help, -?

           Display help and exit.

       •   --character-sets-dir=path

           The directory where character sets are installed.

       •   --compress, -C

           Compress all information sent between the client and the
           server if both support compression.

       •   --connect-timeout=timeout

           Equivalent to --connect_timeout, see the end of this section.

       •   --count=N, -c N

           The number of iterations to make for repeated command
           execution if the --sleep option is given.

       •   --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]

           Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is
           ´d:t:o,file_name´. The default is

       •   --debug-check

           Check memory and open file usage at exit..

       •   --debug-info

           Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage
           statistics when the program exits.

       •   --default-auth

           Default authentication client-side plugin to use.

       •   --default-character-set=charset_name

           Use charset_name as the default character set.

       •   --defaults-extra-file=filename

           Set filename as the file to read default options from after
           the global defaults files has been read.  Must be given as
           first option.

       •   --defaults-file=filename

           Set filename as the file to read default options from,
           override global defaults files. Must be given as first

       •   --force, -f

           Do not ask for confirmation for the drop db_name command.
           With multiple commands, continue even if an error occurs.

       •   --host=host_name, -h host_name

           Connect to the MariaDB server on the given host.

       •   --local, -l

           Suppress the SQL command(s) from being written to the binary
           log by using FLUSH LOCAL or enabling sql_log_bin=0 for the

       •   --no-beep, -b

           Suppress the warning beep that is emitted by default for
           errors such as a failure to connect to the server.

       •   --no-defaults

           Do not read default options from any option file. This must
           be given as the first argument.

       •   --password[=password], -p[password]

           The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use
           the short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between
           the option and the password. If you omit the password value
           following the --password or -p option on the command line,
           mysqladmin prompts for one.

           Specifying a password on the command line should be
           considered insecure.

       •   --pipe, -W

           On Windows, connect to the server via a named pipe. This
           option applies only if the server supports named-pipe

       •   --port=port_num, -P port_num

           The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection or 0 for
           default to, in order of preference, my.cnf, $MYSQL_TCP_PORT,
           /etc/services, built-in default (3306).  Forces
           --protocol=tcp when specified on the command line without
           other connection properties.

       •   --print-defaults

           Print the program argument list and exit. This must be given
           as the first argument.

       •   --protocol={TCP|SOCKET|PIPE|MEMORY}

           The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server.
           It is useful when the other connection parameters normally
           would cause a protocol to be used other than the one you

       •   --relative, -r

           Show the difference between the current and previous values
           when used with the --sleep option. Currently, this option
           works only with the extended-status command.

       •   --shutdown-timeouttimeout

           Equivalent of --shutdown_timeout, see the end of this

       •   --silent, -s

           Exit silently if a connection to the server cannot be

       •   --sleep=delay, -i delay

           Execute commands repeatedly, sleeping for delay seconds in
           between. The --count option determines the number of
           iterations. If --count is not given, mysqladmin executes
           commands indefinitely until interrupted.

       •   --socket=path, -S path

           For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use,
           or, on Windows, the name of the named pipe to use.  Forces
           --protocol=socket when specified on the command line without
           other connection properties; on Windows, forces

       •   --ssl

           Enable SSL for connection (automatically enabled with other
           flags). Disable with --skip-ssl.

       •   --ssl-ca=name

           CA file in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-capath=name

           CA directory (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-cert=name

           X509 cert in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-cipher=name

           SSL cipher to use (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-key=name

           X509 key in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).

       •   --ssl-crl=name

           Certificate revocation list (check OpenSSL docs, implies

       •   --ssl-crlpath=name

           Certificate revocation list path (check OpenSSL docs, implies

       •   --ssl-verify-server-cert

           Verify server's "Common Name" in its cert against hostname
           used when connecting. This option is disabled by default.

       •   --tls-version=name,

           Accepts a comma-separated list of TLS protocol versions. A
           TLS protocol version will only be enabled if it is present in
           this list. All other TLS protocol versions will not be

       •   --user=user_name, -u user_name

           The MariaDB user name to use when connecting to the server.

       •   --verbose, -v

           Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program

       •   --version, -V

           Display version information and exit.

       •   --vertical, -E

           Print output vertically. This is similar to --relative, but
           prints output vertically.

       •   --wait[=count], -w[count]

           If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry
           instead of aborting. If a count value is given, it indicates
           the number of times to retry. The default is one time.

       •   --wait-for-all-slaves

           Wait for the last binlog event to be sent to all connected
           slaves before shutting down.  This option is off by default.

       You can also set the following variables by using

       •   connect_timeout

           The maximum number of seconds before connection timeout. The
           default value is 43200 (12 hours).

       •   shutdown_timeout

           The maximum number of seconds to wait for server shutdown.
           The default value is 3600 (1 hour).

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2008-2010 Sun Microsystems, Inc.,
       2010-2020 MariaDB Foundation

       This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it
       and/or modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public
       License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
       of the License.

       This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be
       useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
       See the GNU General Public License for more details.

       You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
       along with the program; if not, write to the Free Software
       Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
       02110-1335 USA or see

SEE ALSO         top

       For more information, please refer to the MariaDB Knowledge Base,
       available online at

AUTHOR         top

       MariaDB Foundation (

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the MariaDB (MariaDB database server)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual
       page, see ⟨⟩.
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2023-05-11.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

MariaDB 10.8                   15 May 2020              MARIADB-ADMIN(1)