mysqladmin is a client for performing administrative operations.
You can use it to check the server´s configuration and current
status, to create and drop databases, and more.
Invoke mysqladmin like this:
shell> mysqladmin [options] command[command-arg] [command[command-arg]] ...mysqladmin supports the following commands. Some of the commands
take an argument following the command name.
• create db_name
Create a new database named db_name.
Tell the server to write debug information to the error log.
This also includes information about the Event Scheduler.
• drop db_name
Delete the database named db_name and all its tables.
Display the server status variables and their values.
Flush all statistics tables.
Flush all status and statistics.
Flush the binary log.
Flush client statistics.
Flush engine log.
Flush error log.
Flush general query log.
Flush all information in the host cache.
Flush index statistics.
Flush all logs.
Reload the grant tables (same as reload).
Flush relay log.
Flush slow query log.
Flush SSL certificates.
Clear status variables.
Flush table statistics.
Flush all tables.
Flush the thread cache.
Flush user resources.
• kill id,id,...
Kill server threads. If multiple thread ID values are given,
there must be no spaces in the list.
• old-password new-password
This is like the password command but stores the password
using the old (pre MySQL 4.1) password-hashing format.
• password new-password
Set a new password. This changes the password to new-password
for the account that you use with mysqladmin for connecting
to the server. Thus, the next time you invoke mysqladmin (or
any other client program) using the same account, you will
need to specify the new password.
If the new-password value contains spaces or other characters
that are special to your command interpreter, you need to
enclose it within quotes. On Windows, be sure to use double
quotes rather than single quotes; single quotes are not
stripped from the password, but rather are interpreted as
part of the password. For example:
shell> mysqladmin password "my new password"Caution
Do not use this command used if the server was started
with the --skip-grant-tables option. No password change
will be applied. This is true even if you precede the
password command with flush-privileges on the same
command line to re-enable the grant tables because the
flush operation occurs after you connect. However, you
can use mysqladmin flush-privileges to re-enable the
grant table and then use a separate mysqladmin password
command to change the password.
Check whether the server is alive. The return status from
mysqladmin is 0 if the server is running, 1 if it is not.
This is 0 even in case of an error such as Access denied,
because this means that the server is running but refused the
connection, which is different from the server not running.
Show a list of active server threads. This is like the output
of the SHOW PROCESSLIST statement. If the --verbose option is
given, the output is like that of SHOW FULL PROCESSLIST.
Reload the grant tables.
Flush all tables and close and open log files.
Stop the server.
Start all slaves.
Start replication on a slave server.
Display a short server status message.
Stop all slaves.
Stop replication on a slave server.
Display the server system variables and their values.
Display version information from the server.
All commands can be shortened to any unique prefix. For example:
shell> mysqladmin proc stat
| Id | User | Host | db | Command | Time | State | Info |
| 51 | monty | localhost | | Query | 0 | | show processlist |
Uptime: 1473624 Threads: 1 Questions: 39487
Slow queries: 0 Opens: 541 Flush tables: 1
Open tables: 19 Queries per second avg: 0.0268
The mysqladmin status command result displays the following
The number of seconds the MariaDB server has been running.
The number of active threads (clients).
The number of questions (queries) from clients since the
server was started.
• Slow queries
The number of queries that have taken more than
The number of tables the server has opened.
• Flush tables
The number of flush-*, refresh, and reload commands the
server has executed.
• Open tables
The number of tables that currently are open.
• Memory in use
The amount of memory allocated directly by mysqld. This value
is displayed only when MariaDB has been compiled with
• Maximum memory used
The maximum amount of memory allocated directly by mysqld.
This value is displayed only when MariaDB has been compiled
If you execute mysqladmin shutdown when connecting to a local
server using a Unix socket file, mysqladmin waits until the
server´s process ID file has been removed, to ensure that the
server has stopped properly.
mysqladmin supports the following options, which can be specified
on the command line or in the [mysqladmin] and [client] option
• --help, -?
Display help and exit.
The directory where character sets are installed.
• --compress, -C
Compress all information sent between the client and the
server if both support compression.
Equivalent to --connect_timeout, see the end of this section.
• --count=N, -c N
The number of iterations to make for repeated command
execution if the --sleep option is given.
• --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]
Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is
´d:t:o,file_name´. The default is
Check memory and open file usage at exit..
Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage
statistics when the program exits.
Default authentication client-side plugin to use.
Use charset_name as the default character set.
Set filename as the file to read default options from after
the global defaults files has been read. Must be given as
Set filename as the file to read default options from,
override global defaults files. Must be given as first
• --force, -f
Do not ask for confirmation for the drop db_name command.
With multiple commands, continue even if an error occurs.
• --host=host_name, -h host_name
Connect to the MariaDB server on the given host.
• --local, -l
Suppress the SQL command(s) from being written to the binary
log by using FLUSH LOCAL or enabling sql_log_bin=0 for the
• --no-beep, -b
Suppress the warning beep that is emitted by default for
errors such as a failure to connect to the server.
Do not read default options from any option file. This must
be given as the first argument.
• --password[=password], -p[password]
The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use
the short option form (-p), you cannot have a space between
the option and the password. If you omit the password value
following the --password or -p option on the command line,
mysqladmin prompts for one.
Specifying a password on the command line should be
• --pipe, -W
On Windows, connect to the server via a named pipe. This
option applies only if the server supports named-pipe
• --port=port_num, -P port_num
The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection or 0 for
default to, in order of preference, my.cnf, $MYSQL_TCP_PORT,
/etc/services, built-in default (3306). Forces
--protocol=tcp when specified on the command line without
other connection properties.
Print the program argument list and exit. This must be given
as the first argument.
The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server.
It is useful when the other connection parameters normally
would cause a protocol to be used other than the one you
• --relative, -r
Show the difference between the current and previous values
when used with the --sleep option. Currently, this option
works only with the extended-status command.
Equivalent of --shutdown_timeout, see the end of this
• --silent, -s
Exit silently if a connection to the server cannot be
• --sleep=delay, -i delay
Execute commands repeatedly, sleeping for delay seconds in
between. The --count option determines the number of
iterations. If --count is not given, mysqladmin executes
commands indefinitely until interrupted.
• --socket=path, -S path
For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use,
or, on Windows, the name of the named pipe to use. Forces
--protocol=socket when specified on the command line without
other connection properties; on Windows, forces
Enable SSL for connection (automatically enabled with other
flags). Disable with --skip-ssl.
CA file in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).
CA directory (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).
X509 cert in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).
SSL cipher to use (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).
X509 key in PEM format (check OpenSSL docs, implies --ssl).
Certificate revocation list (check OpenSSL docs, implies
Certificate revocation list path (check OpenSSL docs, implies
Verify server's "Common Name" in its cert against hostname
used when connecting. This option is disabled by default.
Accepts a comma-separated list of TLS protocol versions. A
TLS protocol version will only be enabled if it is present in
this list. All other TLS protocol versions will not be
• --user=user_name, -u user_name
The MariaDB user name to use when connecting to the server.
• --verbose, -v
Verbose mode. Print more information about what the program
• --version, -V
Display version information and exit.
• --vertical, -E
Print output vertically. This is similar to --relative, but
prints output vertically.
• --wait[=count], -w[count]
If the connection cannot be established, wait and retry
instead of aborting. If a count value is given, it indicates
the number of times to retry. The default is one time.
Wait for the last binlog event to be sent to all connected
slaves before shutting down. This option is off by default.
You can also set the following variables by using
The maximum number of seconds before connection timeout. The
default value is 43200 (12 hours).
The maximum number of seconds to wait for server shutdown.
The default value is 3600 (1 hour).
Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2008-2010 Sun Microsystems, Inc.,
2010-2020 MariaDB Foundation
This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it
and/or modify it only under the terms of the GNU General Public
License as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
of the License.
This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be
useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied
warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
See the GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with the program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
02110-1335 USA or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
This page is part of the MariaDB (MariaDB database server)
project. Information about the project can be found at
⟨http://mariadb.org/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual
page, see ⟨https://mariadb.com/kb/en/mariadb/reporting-bugs/⟩.
This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/MariaDB/server⟩ on 2021-08-27. (At that
time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
repository was 2021-08-26.) If you discover any rendering
problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
(which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
MariaDB 10.6 15 May 2020 MYSQLADMIN(1)