gperl(1) General Commands Manual gperl(1)
gperl - execute Perl commands in groff documents
gperl [file ...] gperl -h gperl --help gperl -v gperl --version
This is a preprocessor for groff(1). It allows the use of perl(7) code in groff(7) files. The result of a Perl part can be stored in groff strings or numerical registers based on the arguments at a final line of a Perl part. If no operands are given, or if file is “-”, gperl reads the standard input stream. A double-dash argument (“--”) causes all subsequent arguments to be interpreted as file operands, even if their names start with a dash. -h and --help display a usage message, whereas -v and --version display version information; all exit afterward.
Perl parts in groff files are enclosed by two .Perl requests with different arguments, a starting and an ending command. Starting Perl mode The starting Perl request can either be without arguments, or by a request that has the term start as its only argument. • .Perl • .Perl start Ending Perl mode without storage A .Perl command line with an argument different from start finishes a running Perl part. Of course, it would be reasonable to add the argument stop; that's possible, but not necessary. • .Perl stop • .Perl other_than_start The argument other_than_start can additionally be used as a groff string variable name for storage — see next section. Ending Perl mode with storage A useful feature of gperl is to store one or more results from the Perl mode. The output of a Perl part can be got with backticks `...`. This program collects all printing to STDOUT (normal standard output) by the Perl print program. This pseudo-printing output can have several lines, due to printed line breaks with \n. By that, the output of a Perl run should be stored into a Perl array, with a single line for each array member. This Perl array output can be stored by gperl in either groff strings by creating a groff command .ds groff number register by creating a groff command .rn The storage modes can be determined by arguments of a final stopping .Perl command. Each argument .ds changes the mode into groff string and .nr changes the mode into groff number register for all following output parts. By default, all output is saved as strings, so .ds is not really needed before the first .nr command. That suits to groff(7), because every output can be saved as groff string, but the number registers can be very restrictive. In string mode, gperl generates a groff string storage line .ds var_name content In number register mode the following groff command is generated .nr var_name content We present argument collections in the following. You can add as first argument for all stop. We omit this additional element. .Perl .ds var_name This will store 1 output line into the groff string named var_name by the automatically created command .ds var_name output .Perl var_name If var_name is different from start this is equivalent to the former command, because the string mode is string with .ds command. default. .Perl var_name1 var_name2 This will store 2 output lines into groff string names var_name1 and var_name2, because the default mode .ds is active, such that no .ds argument is needed. Of course, this is equivalent to .Perl .ds var_name1 var_name2 and .Perl .ds var_name1 .ds var_name2 .Perl .nr var_name1 varname2 stores both variables as number register variables. gperl generates .nr var_name1 output_line1 .nr var_name2 output_line2 .Perl .nr var_name1 .ds var_name2 stores the 1st argument as number register and the second as string by .nr var_name1 output_line1 .ds var_name2 output_line2 Printing towards STDERR is without storage The printing towards STDERR, (standard error) works as usual. All error information goes to the real normal standard error, without other automatic storage.
A possible Perl part in a roff file could look like that: before .Perl start my $result = 'some data'; print $result; .Perl stop .ds string_var after This stores the result ”some data” into the roff string called string_var, such that the following line is printed: .ds string_var some data by gperl as food for the coming groff run. A Perl part with several outputs is: .Perl start print ”first\n”; print ”second line\n”; print ”3\n”; .Perl var1 var2 .nr var3 This stores 3 printed lines into 3 groff strings. var1,var2,var3. So the following groff command lines are created: .ds var1 first .ds var2 second line .nr var3 3
gperl was written by Bernd Warken ⟨email@example.com⟩.
Man pages related to groff are groff(1), groff(7), and grog(1). Documents related to Perl are perl(1), perl(7).
This page is part of the groff (GNU troff) project. Information about the project can be found at ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/groff/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual page, see ⟨http://www.gnu.org/software/groff/⟩. This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://git.savannah.gnu.org/git/groff.git⟩ on 2021-04-01. (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository was 2021-03-29.) If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org groff 1.23.0.rc1.56-5346-dirt1y3 November 2020 gperl(1)
Pages that refer to this page: groff(1)