dpkg-statoverride(1) — Linux manual page


dpkg-statoverride(1)           dpkg suite           dpkg-statoverride(1)

NAME         top

       dpkg-statoverride - override ownership and mode of files

SYNOPSIS         top

       dpkg-statoverride [option...] command

DESCRIPTION         top

stat overrides” are a way to tell dpkg(1) to use a different
       owner or mode for a path when a package is installed (this
       applies to any filesystem object that dpkg handles, including
       directories, devices, etc.). This can be used to force programs
       that are normally setuid to be install without a setuid flag, or
       only executable by a certain group.

       dpkg-statoverride is a utility to manage the list of stat
       overrides. It has three basic functions: adding, removing and
       listing overrides.

COMMANDS         top

       --add user group mode path
           Add an override for path. path does not need to exist nor be
           known to dpkg when this command is used; the override will be
           stored and used later.  Users and groups can be specified by
           their name (for example root or nobody), or by their number
           by prepending the number with a ‘#’ (for example #0 or
           #65534).  The mode needs to be specified in octal.

           If --update is specified and path exists, it is immediately
           set to the new owner and mode.

       --remove path
           Remove an override for path, the status of path is left
           unchanged by this command.

       --list [glob-pattern]
           List all overrides. If a glob pattern is specified restrict
           the output to overrides which match the glob.

           Show the usage message and exit.

           Give help about the --force-thing options (since dpkg

           Show the version and exit.

OPTIONS         top

       --admindir directory
           Set the administrative directory to directory.  This is where
           the statoverride file is stored.  Defaults to
           «/usr/local/var/lib/dpkg» if DPKG_ADMINDIR has not been set.

       --instdir directory
           Set the installation directory, which refers to the directory
           where packages get installed (since dpkg 1.19.2).  Defaults
           to «/» if DPKG_ROOT has not been set.

       --root directory
           Set the root directory to directory, which sets the
           installation directory to «directory» and the administrative
           directory to «directory/usr/local/var/lib/dpkg» (since dpkg
           1.19.2) if DPKG_ROOT has not been set.

       --no-force-things, --refuse-things
           Force or refuse (no-force and refuse mean the same thing) to
           do some things (since dpkg 1.19.5).  things is a comma
           separated list of things specified below.  --force-help
           displays a message describing them.  Things marked with (*)
           are forced by default.

           Warning: These options are mostly intended to be used by
           experts only.  Using them without fully understanding their
           effects may break your whole system.

               Turns on (or off) all force options.

               Overwrite an existing stat override when adding it (since
               dpkg 1.19.5).

               Ignore a missing stat override when removing it (since
               dpkg 1.19.5).

               Use platform-specific Mandatory Access Controls (MAC)
               based security when installing files into the filesystem
               (since dpkg 1.19.5).  On Linux systems the implementation
               uses SELinux.

               Try to (de)install things even when not root (since dpkg

           Force an action, even if a sanity check would otherwise
           prohibit it.  This is necessary to override an existing
           override.  This option is deprecated (since dpkg 1.19.5), it
           is replaced by --force-all.

           Immediately try to change the path to the new owner and mode
           if it exists.

           Be less verbose about what we do.

EXIT STATUS         top

       0   The requested action was successfully performed.

       1   For --list, if there are no overrides or none match the
           supplied glob.

       2   Fatal or unrecoverable error due to invalid command-line
           usage, or interactions with the system, such as accesses to
           the database, memory allocations, etc.

ENVIRONMENT         top

           If set and the --instdir or --root options have not been
           specified, it will be used as the filesystem root directory
           (since dpkg 1.19.2).

           If set and the --admindir or --root options have not been
           specified, it will be used as the dpkg data directory.

           Sets the debug mask (since dpkg 1.21.10) from an octal value.
           The currently accepted flags are described in the dpkg
           --debug option, but not all these flags might have an effect
           on this program.

           If set and none of the --force-... options have been
           specified, it will be used as the force options to use (since
           dpkg 1.19.5).

           Sets the color mode (since dpkg 1.18.5).  The currently
           accepted values are: auto (default), always and never.

FILES         top

           File which contains the current list of stat overrides of the
           system. It is located in the dpkg administration directory,
           along with other files important to dpkg, such as status or

           Note: dpkg-statoverride preserves the old copy of this file,
           with extension “-old”, before replacing it with the new one.

SEE ALSO         top


COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the dpkg (Debian Package Manager) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨https://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Dpkg/⟩.  If you have a bug report
       for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/pkgreport.cgi?src=dpkg⟩.  This
       page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository ⟨git
       clone https://git.dpkg.org/git/dpkg/dpkg.git⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At
       that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in
       the repository was 2023-12-18.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

1.22.0-52-g1af0                2023-08-30           dpkg-statoverride(1)