“stat overrides” are a way to tell dpkg(1) to use a different
owner or mode for a path when a package is installed (this
applies to any filesystem object that dpkg handles, including
directories, devices, etc.). This can be used to force programs
that are normally setuid to be install without a setuid flag, or
only executable by a certain group.
dpkg-statoverride is a utility to manage the list of stat
overrides. It has three basic functions: adding, removing and
--add user group mode path
Add an override for path. path does not need to exist when
this command is used; the override will be stored and used
later. Users and groups can be specified by their name
(for example root or nobody), or by their number by
prepending the number with a ‘#’ (for example #0 or
#65534). The mode needs to be specified in octal.
If --update is specified and path exists, it is
immediately set to the new owner and mode.
Remove an override for path, the status of path is left
unchanged by this command.
List all overrides. If a glob pattern is specified
restrict the output to overrides which match the glob.
--help Show the usage message and exit.
Give help about the --force-thing options (since dpkg
Show the version and exit.
Set the administrative directory to directory. This is
where the statoverride file is stored. Defaults to
Set the installation directory, which refers to the
directory where packages get installed (since dpkg
1.19.2). Defaults to «/».
Set the root directory to directory, which sets the
installation directory to «directory» and the
administrative directory to
«directory/usr/local/var/lib/dpkg» (since dpkg 1.19.2).
Force or refuse (no-force and refuse mean the same thing)
to do some things (since dpkg 1.19.5). things is a comma
separated list of things specified below. --force-help
displays a message describing them. Things marked with
(*) are forced by default.
Warning: These options are mostly intended to be used byexperts only.Using them without fully understandingtheir effects may break your whole system.all: Turns on (or off) all force options.
statoverride-add: Overwrite an existing stat override when
adding it (since dpkg 1.19.5).
statoverride-remove: Ignore a missing stat override when
removing it (since dpkg 1.19.5).
security-mac(*): Use platform-specific Mandatory Access
Controls (MAC) based security when installing files into
the filesystem (since dpkg 1.19.5). On Linux systems the
implementation uses SELinux.
Force an action, even if a sanity check would otherwise
prohibit it. This is necessary to override an existing
override. This option is deprecated (since dpkg 1.19.5),
it is replaced by --force-all.
Immediately try to change the path to the new owner and
mode if it exists.
Be less verbose about what we do.
0 The requested action was successfully performed.
1 For --list, if there are no overrides or none match the
2 Fatal or unrecoverable error due to invalid command-line
usage, or interactions with the system, such as accesses
to the database, memory allocations, etc.
If set and the --instdir or --root options have not been
specified, it will be used as the filesystem root
directory (since dpkg 1.19.2).
If set and the --admindir or --root options have not been
specified, it will be used as the dpkg data directory.
If set and none of the --force-... options have been
specified, it will be used as the force options to use
(since dpkg 1.19.5).
Sets the color mode (since dpkg 1.18.5). The currently
accepted values are: auto (default), always and never.
File which contains the current list of stat overrides of
the system. It is located in the dpkg administration
directory, along with other files important to dpkg, such
as status or available.
Note: dpkg-statoverride preserves the old copy of this
file, with extension “-old”, before replacing it with the
This page is part of the dpkg (Debian Package Manager) project.
Information about the project can be found at
⟨https://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Dpkg/⟩. If you have a bug report
for this manual page, see
page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://salsa.debian.org/dpkg-team/dpkg.git⟩ on 2021-08-27. (At
that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in
the repository was 2021-06-17.) If you discover any rendering
problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
(which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to
1.19.6-2-g6e42d5 2019-03-25 dpkg-statoverride(1)