dpkg-parsechangelog(1) — Linux manual page


dpkg-parsechangelog(1)         dpkg suite         dpkg-parsechangelog(1)

NAME         top

       dpkg-parsechangelog - parse Debian changelog files

SYNOPSIS         top

       dpkg-parsechangelog [option...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       dpkg-parsechangelog reads and parses the changelog of an unpacked
       Debian source tree and outputs the information in it to standard
       output in a machine-readable form.

OPTIONS         top

       -l, --file changelog-file
              Specifies the changelog file to read information from.  A
              ‘-’ can be used to specify reading from standard input.
              The default is debian/changelog.

       -F changelog-format
              Specifies the format of the changelog. By default the
              format is read from a special line near the bottom of the
              changelog or failing that defaults to the debian standard
              format. See also CHANGELOG FORMATS.

       -L libdir
              Obsolete option without effect (since dpkg 1.18.8).
              Setting the perl environment variables PERL5LIB or PERLLIB
              has a similar effect when looking for the parser perl

       -S, --show-field field
              Specifies the name of the field to show (since dpkg
              1.17.0).  The field name is not printed, only its value.

       -?, --help
              Show the usage message and exit.

              Show the version and exit.

   Parser Options
       The following options can be used to influence the output of the
       changelog parser, e.g. the range of entries or the format of the

       --format output-format
              Set the output format. Currently supported values are dpkg
              and rfc822.  dpkg is the classic output format (from
              before this option existed) and the default. It consists
              of one paragraph in Debian control format (see
              deb-control(5)). If more than one entry is requested, then
              most fields are taken from the first entry (usually the
              most recent entry), except otherwise stated:

              Source: pkg-name

              Version: version

              Distribution: target-distribution

              Urgency: urgency
                     The highest urgency of all included entries is
                     used, followed by the concatenated (space-
                     separated) comments from all the versions

              Maintainer: author

              Date: date
                     The date of the entry as a string, as it appears in
                     the changelog.  With a strptime(3) format "%a, %d
                     %b %Y %T %z", but where the day of the week might
                     not actually correspond to the real day obtained
                     from the rest of the date string.  If you need a
                     more accurate representation of the date, use the
                     Timestamp field, but take into account it might not
                     be possible to map it back to the exact value in
                     this field.

              Timestamp: timestamp
                     The date of the entry as a timestamp in seconds
                     since the epoch (since dpkg 1.18.8).

              Closes: bug-number
                     The Closes fields of all included entries are

              Changes: changelog-entries
                     The text of all changelog entries is concatenated.
                     To make this field a valid Debian control format
                     multiline field empty lines are replaced with a
                     single full stop and all lines is intended by one
                     space character. The exact content depends on the
                     changelog format.

              The Version, Distribution, Urgency, Maintainer and Changes
              fields are mandatory.

              There might be additional user-defined fields present.

              The rfc822 format uses the same fields but outputs a
              separate paragraph for each changelog entry so that all
              metadata for each entry is preserved.

              Include all changes in reverse order (since dpkg 1.19.1).
              Note: for the dpkg format the first entry will be the most
              ancient entry.

       --all  Include all changes. Note: other options have no effect
              when this is in use.

       -s, --since version
       -v version
              Include all changes later than version.

       -u, --until version
              Include all changes earlier than version.

       -f, --from version
              Include all changes equal or later than version.

       -t, --to version
              Include all changes up to or equal than version.

       -c, --count number
       -n number
              Include number entries from the top (or the tail if number
              is lower than 0).

       -o, --offset number
              Change the starting point for --count, counted from the
              top (or the tail if number is lower than 0).


       It is possible to use a different format to the standard one, by
       providing a parser for that alternative format.

       In order to have dpkg-parsechangelog run the new parser, a line
       must be included within the last 40 lines of the changelog file,
       matching the Perl regular expression: “\schangelog-
       format:\s+([0-9a-z]+)\W”.  The part in parentheses should be the
       name of the format. For example:

              @@@ changelog-format: otherformat @@@

       Changelog format names are non-empty strings of lowercase
       alphanumerics (“a-z0-9”).

       If such a line exists then dpkg-parsechangelog will look for the
       parser as a Dpkg::Changelog::Otherformat perl module; it is an
       error for it not being present.  The parser name in the perl
       module will be automatically capitalized.  The default changelog
       format is debian, and a parser for it is provided by default.

       The parser should be derived from the Dpkg::Changelog class and
       implement the required documented interface.

       If the changelog format which is being parsed always or almost
       always leaves a blank line between individual change notes, these
       blank lines should be stripped out, so as to make the resulting
       output compact.

       If the changelog format does not contain date or package name
       information this information should be omitted from the output.
       The parser should not attempt to synthesize it or find it from
       other sources.

       If the changelog does not have the expected format the parser
       should error out, rather than trying to muddle through and
       possibly generating incorrect output.

       A changelog parser may not interact with the user at all.

NOTES         top

       All Parser Options except for -v are only supported since dpkg

       Short option parsing with non-bundled values available only since
       dpkg 1.18.0.

ENVIRONMENT         top

              Sets the color mode (since dpkg 1.18.5).  The currently
              accepted values are: auto (default), always and never.

              If set, it will be used to decide whether to activate
              Native Language Support, also known as
              internationalization (or i18n) support (since dpkg
              1.19.0).  The accepted values are: 0 and 1 (default).

FILES         top

              The changelog file, used to obtain version-dependent
              information about the source package, such as the urgency
              and distribution of an upload, the changes made since a
              particular release, and the source version number itself.

SEE ALSO         top


COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the dpkg (Debian Package Manager) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨https://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Dpkg/⟩.  If you have a bug report
       for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/pkgreport.cgi?src=dpkg⟩.  This
       page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://salsa.debian.org/dpkg-team/dpkg.git⟩ on 2021-08-27.  (At
       that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in
       the repository was 2021-06-17.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

1.19.6-2-g6e42d5               2019-03-25         dpkg-parsechangelog(1)

Pages that refer to this page: dpkg-genbuildinfo(1)dpkg-genchanges(1)dpkg-gencontrol(1)dpkg-source(1)deb-changelog(5)deb-src-rules(5)