dh_installinit(1) — Linux manual page


DH_INSTALLINIT(1)               Debhelper              DH_INSTALLINIT(1)

NAME         top

       dh_installinit - install service init files into package build

SYNOPSIS         top

       dh_installinit [debhelper options] [--name=name] [-n] [-R] [-r]
       [-d] [-- params]

DESCRIPTION         top

       dh_installinit is a debhelper program that is responsible for
       installing init scripts with associated defaults files.  In
       compatibility levels up to and including 10, dh_installinit will
       also install some systemd related files provided by the debian
       packaging (see the "FILES" section below).  In compatibility
       levels up to and including 11, dh_installinit will also handle
       upstart jobs provided in the debian packaging (see the "FILES"
       for more information on this as well).

       It also automatically generates the postinst and postrm and prerm
       commands needed to set up the symlinks in /etc/rc*.d/ to start
       and stop the init scripts.

       In compat 10 or earlier: If a package only ships a systemd
       service file and no sysvinit script is provided, you may want to
       exclude the call to dh_installinit for that package (e.g. via
       -N).  Otherwise, you may get warnings from lintian about init.d
       scripts not being included in the package.

FILES         top

           If this exists, it is installed into etc/init.d/package in
           the package build directory.

           If this exists, it is installed into etc/default/package in
           the package build directory.

           In compatibility level 11, this file will trigger an error
           with a reminder about ensuring the proper removal of the
           upstart file in the previous package version.  Please
           consider using the "rm_conffile" feature from
           dh_installdeb(1) to ensure the proper removal of previous
           upstart files.

           In compatibility level 10, if this file exists, it is
           installed into etc/init/package.conf in the package build

           If this exists, it is installed into
           usr/lib/systemd/system/package.service in the package build
           directory. Only used in compat levels 10 and below.

           If this exists, it is installed into
           usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/package.conf in the package build
           directory. Only used in compat levels 10 and below.

OPTIONS         top

       -n, --no-scripts
           Do not modify postinst/postrm/prerm scripts.

       -o, --only-scripts
           Only modify postinst/postrm/prerm scripts, do not actually
           install any init script, default files, upstart job or
           systemd service file. May be useful if the file is shipped
           and/or installed by upstream in a way that doesn't make it
           easy to let dh_installinit find it.

           Caveat: This will bypass all the regular checks and
           unconditionally modify the scripts.  You will almost
           certainly want to use this with -p to limit, which packages
           are affected by the call.  Example:

                   dh_installinit -pfoo --only-scripts
                   dh_installinit --remaining

       -R, --restart-after-upgrade
           Do not stop the init script until after the package upgrade
           has been completed.  This is the default behaviour in compat

           In early compat levels, the default was to stop the script in
           the prerm, and starts it again in the postinst.

           This can be useful for daemons that should not have a
           possibly long downtime during upgrade. But you should make
           sure that the daemon will not get confused by the package
           being upgraded while it's running before using this option.

           Undo a previous --restart-after-upgrade (or the default of
           compat 10).  If no other options are given, this will cause
           the service to be stopped in the prerm script and started
           again in the postinst script.

       -r, --no-stop-on-upgrade, --no-restart-on-upgrade
           Do not stop init script on upgrade.  This has the side-effect
           of not restarting the service as a part of the upgrade.

           If you want to restart the service with minimal downtime,
           please use --restart-after-upgrade (default in compat 10 or
           later).  If you want the service to be restarted but be
           stopped during the upgrade, then please use
           --no-restart-after-upgrade (note the "after-upgrade").

           Note that the --no-restart-on-upgrade alias is deprecated and
           will be removed in compat 12.  This is to avoid confusion
           with the --no-restart-after-upgrade option.  The
           --no-stop-on-upgrade variant was introduced in debhelper 10.2
           (included in Debian stretch).

           Do not start the init script on install or upgrade, or stop
           it on removal.  Only call update-rc.d. Useful for rcS

           Disable the init script on purge, but do not enable them on
           install.  This implies a versioned dependency on init-system-
           helpers (>= 1.51) as it is the first (functional) version
           that supports update-rc.d <script> defaults-disabled.

           Note that this option does not affect whether the services
           are started.  Please remember to also use --no-start if the
           service should not be started.

           Cannot be combined with -uparams, --update-rcd-params=params,
           or -- params.

       -d, --remove-d
           Remove trailing d from the name of the package, and use the
           result for the filename the upstart job file is installed as
           in etc/init/ , and for the filename the init script is
           installed as in etc/init.d and the default file is installed
           as in etc/default/. This may be useful for daemons with names
           ending in d. (Note: this takes precedence over the
           --init-script parameter described below.)

       -uparams --update-rcd-params=params
       -- params
           Pass params to update-rc.d(8). If not specified, defaults (or
           defaults-disabled with --no-enable) will be passed to

           Cannot be combined with --no-enable.

           Install the init script (and default file) as well as upstart
           job file using the filename name instead of the default
           filename, which is the package name. When this parameter is
           used, dh_installinit looks for and installs files named
           debian/package.name.init, debian/package.name.default and
           debian/package.name.upstart instead of the usual
           debian/package.init, debian/package.default and

           Use scriptname as the filename the init script is installed
           as in etc/init.d/ (and also use it as the filename for the
           defaults file, if it is installed). If you use this
           parameter, dh_installinit will look to see if a file in the
           debian/ directory exists that looks like package.scriptname
           and if so will install it as the init script in preference to
           the files it normally installs.

           This parameter is deprecated, use the --name parameter
           instead. This parameter is incompatible with the use of
           upstart jobs.

           Call the named shell function if running the init script
           fails. The function should be provided in the prerm and
           postinst scripts, before the #DEBHELPER# token.

NOTES         top

       Note that this command is not idempotent. dh_prep(1) should be
       called between invocations of this command. Otherwise, it may
       cause multiple instances of the same text to be added to
       maintainer scripts.

SEE ALSO         top

       debhelper(7), dh_installsystemd(1)

       This program is a part of debhelper.

AUTHORS         top

       Joey Hess <joeyh@debian.org>

       Steve Langasek <steve.langasek@canonical.com>

       Michael Stapelberg <stapelberg@debian.org>

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the debhelper (helper programs for
       debian/rules) project.  Information about the project can be
       found at [unknown -- if you know, please contact man-
       pages@man7.org] If you have a bug report for this manual page,
       send it to submit@bugs.debian.org.  This page was obtained from
       the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://salsa.debian.org/debian/debhelper.git⟩ on 2023-12-22.
       (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found
       in the repository was 2023-12-19.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

13.11.9                        2023-12-22              DH_INSTALLINIT(1)

Pages that refer to this page: dh_installsystemd(1)debhelper(7)