audit2allow(1) — Linux manual page


AUDIT2ALLOW(1)                     NSA                    AUDIT2ALLOW(1)

NAME         top

       audit2allow - generate SELinux policy allow/dontaudit rules from
       logs of denied operations

       audit2why - translates SELinux audit messages into a description
       of why the access was denied (audit2allow -w)

SYNOPSIS         top

       audit2allow [options]

OPTIONS         top

       -a | --all
              Read input from audit and message log, conflicts with -i

       -b | --boot
              Read input from audit messages since last boot, conflicts
              with -i

       -d | --dmesg
              Read input from output of /bin/dmesg.  Note that all audit
              messages are not available via dmesg when auditd is
              running; use "ausearch -m avc | audit2allow"  or "-a"

       -D | --dontaudit
              Generate dontaudit rules (Default: allow)

       -e | --explain
              Fully explain generated output

       -h | --help
              Print a short usage message

       -i  <inputfile> | --input <inputfile>
              Read input from <inputfile>

              Read interface information from <interface_info_file>

       -l | --lastreload
              Read input only after last policy reload

       -m <modulename> | --module <modulename>
              Generate module/require output <modulename>

       -M <modulename>
              Generate loadable module package, conflicts with -o

       -p <policyfile> | --policy <policyfile>
              Policy file to use for analysis

       --perm-map <perm_map_file>
              Read permission map from <perm_map_file>

       -o <outputfile> | --output <outputfile>
              Append output to <outputfile>

       -r | --requires
              Generate require output syntax for loadable modules.

       -N | --noreference
              Do not generate reference policy, traditional style allow
              rules.  This is the default behavior.

       -R | --reference
              Generate reference policy using installed macros.  This
              attempts to match denials against interfaces and may be

       -t <type_regex> | --type=<type_regex>
              Only process messages with a type that matches this regex

       -x | --xperms
              Generate extended permission access vector rules

       -w | --why
              Translates SELinux audit messages into a description of
              why the access was denied

       -v | --verbose
              Turn on verbose output

DESCRIPTION         top

       This utility scans the logs for messages logged when the system
       denied permission for operations, and generates a snippet of
       policy rules which, if loaded into policy, might have allowed
       those operations to succeed. However, this utility only generates
       Type Enforcement (TE) allow rules.  Certain permission denials
       may require other kinds of policy changes, e.g. adding an
       attribute to a type declaration to satisfy an existing
       constraint, adding a role allow rule, or modifying a constraint.
       The audit2why(8) utility may be used to diagnose the reason when
       it is unclear.

       Care must be exercised while acting on the output of this utility
       to ensure that the operations being permitted do not pose a
       security threat. Often it is better to define new domains and/or
       types, or make other structural changes to narrowly allow an
       optimal set of operations to succeed, as opposed to blindly
       implementing the sometimes broad changes recommended by this
       utility.   Certain permission denials are not fatal to the
       application, in which case it may be preferable to simply
       suppress logging of the denial via a 'dontaudit' rule rather than
       an 'allow' rule.

EXAMPLE         top

       NOTE: These examples are for systems using the audit package. If you do
       not use the audit package, the AVC messages will be in /var/log/messages.
       Please substitute /var/log/messages for /var/log/audit/audit.log in the

       Using audit2allow to generate module policy

       $ cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow -m local > local.te
       $ cat local.te
       module local 1.0;

       require {
               class file {  getattr open read };

               type myapp_t;
               type etc_t;

       allow myapp_t etc_t:file { getattr open read };
       <review local.te and customize as desired>

       Using audit2allow to generate module policy using reference policy

       $ cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow -R -m local > local.te
       $ cat local.te
       policy_module(local, 1.0)

               type myapp_t;
               type etc_t;

       <review local.te and customize as desired>

       Building module policy using Makefile

       # SELinux provides a policy devel environment under
       # /usr/share/selinux/devel including all of the shipped
       # interface files.
       # You can create a te file and compile it by executing

       $ make -f /usr/share/selinux/devel/Makefile local.pp

       # This make command will compile a local.te file in the current
       # directory. If you did not specify a "pp" file, the make file
       # will compile all "te" files in the current directory.  After
       # you compile your te file into a "pp" file, you need to install
       # it using the semodule command.

       $ semodule -i local.pp

       Building module policy manually

       # Compile the module
       $ checkmodule -M -m -o local.mod local.te

       # Create the package
       $ semodule_package -o local.pp -m local.mod

       # Load the module into the kernel
       $ semodule -i local.pp

       Using audit2allow to generate and build module policy

       $ cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow -M local
       Generating type enforcement file: local.te

       Compiling policy: checkmodule -M -m -o local.mod local.te
       Building package: semodule_package -o local.pp -m local.mod

       ******************** IMPORTANT ***********************

       In order to load this newly created policy package into the kernel,
       you are required to execute

       semodule -i local.pp

       Using audit2allow to generate monolithic (non-module) policy

       $ cd /etc/selinux/$SELINUXTYPE/src/policy
       $ cat /var/log/audit/audit.log | audit2allow >> domains/misc/local.te
       $ cat domains/misc/local.te
       allow cupsd_config_t unconfined_t:fifo_file { getattr ioctl };
       <review domains/misc/local.te and customize as desired>
       $ make load

AUTHOR         top

       This manual page was written by Manoj Srivastava
       <>, for the Debian GNU/Linux system. It was
       updated by Dan Walsh <>

       The audit2allow utility has contributions from several people,
       including Justin R. Smith and Yuichi Nakamura.  and Dan Walsh

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the selinux (Security-Enhanced Linux user-
       space libraries and tools) project.  Information about the
       project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a
       bug report for this manual page, see
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2023-12-22.  (At
       that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in
       the repository was 2023-05-11.)  If you discover any rendering
       problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there
       is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Security Enhanced Linux       October 2010                AUDIT2ALLOW(1)

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