Print the version of the ip utility and exit.
-b, -batch <FILENAME>
Read commands from provided file or standard input and invoke
them. First failure will cause termination of ip.
-force Don't terminate ip on errors in batch mode. If there were any
errors during execution of the commands, the application
return code will be non zero.
-s, -stats, -statistics
Output more information. If the option appears twice or more,
the amount of information increases. As a rule, the
information is statistics or some time values.
-l, -loops <COUNT>
Specify maximum number of loops the 'ip addr flush' logic will
attempt before giving up. The default is 10. Zero (0) means
loop until all addresses are removed.
-f, -family <FAMILY>
Specifies the protocol family to use. The protocol family
identifier can be one of inet, inet6, bridge, ipx, dnet or
link. If this option is not present, the protocol family is
guessed from other arguments. If the rest of the command line
does not give enough information to guess the family, ip falls
back to the default one, usually inet or any. link is a
special family identifier meaning that no networking protocol
-4 shortcut for -family inet.
-6 shortcut for -family inet6.
-B shortcut for -family bridge.
-D shortcut for -family decnet.
-I shortcut for -family ipx.
-0 shortcut for -family link.
output each record on a single line, replacing line feeds with
the '\' character. This is convenient when you want to count
records with wc(1) or to grep(1) the output.
use the system's name resolver to print DNS names instead of
- protocol (IP or IPv6) address on a device.
- label configuration for protocol address selection.
l2tp - tunnel ethernet over IP (L2TPv3).
link - network device.
- multicast address.
- watch for netlink messages.
mroute - multicast routing cache entry.
mrule - rule in multicast routing policy database.
- manage ARP or NDISC cache entries.
netns - manage network namespaces.
ntable - manage the neighbor cache's operation.
route - routing table entry.
rule - rule in routing policy database.
- manage TCP Metrics
tunnel - tunnel over IP.
tuntap - manage TUN/TAP devices.
xfrm - manage IPSec policies.
The names of all objects may be written in full or abbreviated form,
for exampe address can be abbreviated as addr or just a.COMMAND
Specifies the action to perform on the object. The set of possible
actions depends on the object type. As a rule, it is possible to
add, delete and show (or list ) objects, but some objects do not
allow all of these operations or have some additional commands. The
help command is available for all objects. It prints out a list of
available commands and argument syntax conventions.
If no command is given, some default command is assumed. Usually it
is list or, if the objects of this class cannot be listed, help.
Report any bugs to the Network Developers mailing list
<email@example.com> where the development and maintenance is
primarily done. You do not have to be subscribed to the list to send
a message there.
This page is part of the iproute2 (utilities for controlling TCP/IP
networking and traffic) project. Information about the project can
be found at
If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to
firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com. This page was obtained
from the project's upstream Git repository
on 2014-08-19. If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML
version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-
date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to
the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
manual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
iproute2 20 Dec 2011 IP(8)