The default configuration is defined during compilation, so a
configuration file is only needed when it is necessary to deviate
from those defaults. By default, the configuration file in
/etc/systemd/ contains commented out entries showing the defaults as
a guide to the administrator. This file can be edited to create local
When packages need to customize the configuration, they can install
configuration snippets in /usr/lib/systemd/*.conf.d/. Files in /etc/
are reserved for the local administrator, who may use this logic to
override the configuration files installed by vendor packages. The
main configuration file is read before any of the configuration
directories, and has the lowest precedence; entries in a file in any
configuration directory override entries in the single configuration
file. Files in the *.conf.d/ configuration subdirectories are sorted
by their filename in lexicographic order, regardless of which of the
subdirectories they reside in. If multiple files specify the same
option, the entry in the file with the lexicographically latest name
takes precedence. It is recommended to prefix all filenames in those
subdirectories with a two-digit number and a dash, to simplify the
ordering of the files.
To disable a configuration file supplied by the vendor, the
recommended way is to place a symlink to /dev/null in the
configuration directory in /etc/, with the same filename as the
vendor configuration file.
All options are configured in the "[Login]" section:
Takes a positive integer. Configures how many virtual terminals
(VTs) to allocate by default that, when switched to and are
previously unused, "autovt" services are automatically spawned
on. These services are instantiated from the template unit
autovt@.service for the respective VT TTY name, for example,
email@example.com. By default, autovt@.service is linked to
getty@.service. In other words, login prompts are started
dynamically as the user switches to unused virtual terminals.
Hence, this parameter controls how many login "gettys" are
available on the VTs. If a VT is already used by some other
subsystem (for example, a graphical login), this kind of
activation will not be attempted. Note that the VT configured in
ReserveVT= is always subject to this kind of activation, even if
it is not one of the VTs configured with the NAutoVTs= directive.
Defaults to 6. When set to 0, automatic spawning of "autovt"
services is disabled.
Takes a positive integer. Identifies one virtual terminal that
shall unconditionally be reserved for autovt@.service activation
(see above). The VT selected with this option will be marked busy
unconditionally, so that no other subsystem will allocate it.
This functionality is useful to ensure that, regardless of how
many VTs are allocated by other subsystems, one login "getty" is
always available. Defaults to 6 (in other words, there will
always be a "getty" available on Alt-F6.). When set to 0, VT
reservation is disabled.
Takes a boolean argument. Configures whether the processes of a
user should be killed when the user logs out. If true, the scope
unit corresponding to the session and all processes inside that
scope will be terminated. If false, the scope is "abandoned", see
systemd.scope(5), and processes are not killed. Defaults to
"yes", but see the options KillOnlyUsers= and KillExcludeUsers=
In addition to session processes, user process may run under the
user manager unit user@.service. Depending on the linger
settings, this may allow users to run processes independent of
their login sessions. See the description of enable-linger in
Note that setting KillUserProcesses=yes will break tools like
screen(1) and tmux(1), unless they are moved out of the session
scope. See example in systemd-run(1).
These settings take space-separated lists of usernames that
override the KillUserProcesses= setting. A user name may be added
to KillExcludeUsers= to exclude the processes in the session
scopes of that user from being killed even if
KillUserProcesses=yes is set. If KillExcludeUsers= is not set,
the "root" user is excluded by default. KillExcludeUsers= may be
set to an empty value to override this default. If a user is not
excluded, KillOnlyUsers= is checked next. If this setting is
specified, only the session scopes of those users will be killed.
Otherwise, users are subject to the KillUserProcesses=yes
Configures the action to take when the system is idle. Takes one
of "ignore", "poweroff", "reboot", "halt", "kexec", "suspend",
"hibernate", "hybrid-sleep", and "lock". Defaults to "ignore".
Note that this requires that user sessions correctly report the
idle status to the system. The system will execute the action
after all sessions report that they are idle, no idle inhibitor
lock is active, and subsequently, the time configured with
IdleActionSec= (see below) has expired.
Configures the delay after which the action configured in
IdleAction= (see above) is taken after the system is idle.
Specifies the maximum time a system shutdown or sleep request is
delayed due to an inhibitor lock of type "delay" being active
before the inhibitor is ignored and the operation executes
anyway. Defaults to 5.
HandlePowerKey=, HandleSuspendKey=, HandleHibernateKey=,
Controls how logind shall handle the system power and sleep keys
and the lid switch to trigger actions such as system power-off or
suspend. Can be one of "ignore", "poweroff", "reboot", "halt",
"kexec", "suspend", "hibernate", "hybrid-sleep", and "lock". If
"ignore", logind will never handle these keys. If "lock", all
running sessions will be screen-locked; otherwise, the specified
action will be taken in the respective event. Only input devices
with the "power-switch" udev tag will be watched for key/lid
switch events. HandlePowerKey= defaults to "poweroff".
HandleSuspendKey= and HandleLidSwitch= default to "suspend".
HandleLidSwitchDocked= defaults to "ignore". HandleHibernateKey=
defaults to "hibernate". If the system is inserted in a docking
station, or if more than one display is connected, the action
specified by HandleLidSwitchDocked= occurs; otherwise the
HandleLidSwitch= action occurs.
A different application may disable logind's handling of system
power and sleep keys and the lid switch by taking a low-level
inhibitor lock ("handle-power-key", "handle-suspend-key",
"handle-hibernate-key", "handle-lid-switch"). This is most
commonly used by graphical desktop environments to take over
suspend and hibernation handling, and to use their own
configuration mechanisms. If a low-level inhibitor lock is taken,
logind will not take any action when that key or switch is
triggered and the Handle*= settings are irrelevant.
Controls whether actions that systemd-logind takes when the power
and sleep keys and the lid switch are triggered are subject to
high-level inhibitor locks ("shutdown", "sleep", "idle"). Low
level inhibitor locks ("handle-*-key"), are always honoured,
irrespective of this setting.
These settings take boolean arguments. If "no", the inhibitor
locks taken by applications are respected. If "yes", "shutdown",
"sleep", and "idle" inhibitor locks are ignored.
PowerKeyIgnoreInhibited=, SuspendKeyIgnoreInhibited=, and
HibernateKeyIgnoreInhibited= default to "no".
LidSwitchIgnoreInhibited= defaults to "yes". This means that when
systemd-logind is handling events by itself (no low level
inhibitor locks are taken by another application), the lid switch
does not respect suspend blockers by default, but the power and
sleep keys do.
Specifies the timeout after system startup or system resume in
which systemd will hold off on reacting to lid events. This is
required for the system to properly detect any hotplugged devices
so systemd can ignore lid events if external monitors, or docks,
are connected. If set to 0, systemd will always react
immediately, possibly before the kernel fully probed all
hotplugged devices. This is safe, as long as you do not care for
systemd to account for devices that have been plugged or
unplugged while the system was off. Defaults to 30s.
Sets the size limit on the $XDG_RUNTIME_DIR runtime directory for
each user who logs in. Takes a size in bytes, optionally suffixed
with the usual K, G, M, and T suffixes, to the base 1024 (IEC).
Alternatively, a numerical percentage suffixed by "%" may be
specified, which sets the size limit relative to the amount of
physical RAM. Defaults to 10%. Note that this size is a safety
limit only. As each runtime directory is a tmpfs file system, it
will only consume as much memory as is needed.
Controls the maximum number of concurrent inhibitors to permit.
Defaults to 8192 (8K).
Controls the maximum number of concurrent user sessions to
manage. Defaults to 8192 (8K). Depending on how the
pam_systemd.so module is included in the PAM stack configuration,
further login sessions will either be refused, or permitted but
not tracked by systemd-logind.
Sets the maximum number of OS tasks each user may run
concurrently. This controls the TasksMax= setting of the per-user
slice unit, see systemd.resource-control(5) for details. If
assigned the special value "infinity", no tasks limit is applied.
Defaults to 33%, which equals 10813 with the kernel's defaults on
the host, but might be smaller in OS containers.
Controls whether System V and POSIX IPC objects belonging to the
user shall be removed when the user fully logs out. Takes a
boolean argument. If enabled, the user may not consume IPC
resources after the last of the user's sessions terminated. This
covers System V semaphores, shared memory and message queues, as
well as POSIX shared memory and message queues. Note that IPC
objects of the root user and other system users are excluded from
the effect of this setting. Defaults to "yes".
This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service manager)
project. Information about the project can be found at
⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd⟩. If you have a bug
report for this manual page, see
page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/systemd/systemd.git⟩ on 2016-09-01. If you dis‐
cover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or
you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
systemd 231 LOGIND.CONF(5)