ARCH_PRCTL(2) Linux Programmer's Manual ARCH_PRCTL(2)
arch_prctl - set architecture-specific thread state
#include <asm/prctl.h> #include <sys/prctl.h> int arch_prctl(int code, unsigned long addr); int arch_prctl(int code, unsigned long *addr);
The arch_prctl() function sets architecture-specific process or thread state. code selects a subfunction and passes argument addr to it; addr is interpreted as either an unsigned long for the "set" operations, or as an unsigned long *, for the "get" operations. Subfunctions for x86-64 are: ARCH_SET_FS Set the 64-bit base for the FS register to addr. ARCH_GET_FS Return the 64-bit base value for the FS register of the current thread in the unsigned long pointed to by addr. ARCH_SET_GS Set the 64-bit base for the GS register to addr. ARCH_GET_GS Return the 64-bit base value for the GS register of the current thread in the unsigned long pointed to by addr.
On success, arch_prctl() returns 0; on error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.
EFAULT addr points to an unmapped address or is outside the process address space. EINVAL code is not a valid subcommand. EPERM addr is outside the process address space.
arch_prctl() is a Linux/x86-64 extension and should not be used in programs intended to be portable.
arch_prctl() is supported only on Linux/x86-64 for 64-bit programs currently. The 64-bit base changes when a new 32-bit segment selector is loaded. ARCH_SET_GS is disabled in some kernels. Context switches for 64-bit segment bases are rather expensive. As an optimization, if a 32-bit TLS base address is used, arch_prctl(2) may use a real TLS entry as if set_thread_area(2) had been called, instead of manipulating the segment base register directly. Memory in the first 2GB of address space can be allocated by using mmap(2) with the MAP_32BIT flag. Because of the aforementioned optimization, using arch_prctl(2) and set_thread_area(2) in the same thread is dangerous, as they may overwrite each other's TLS entries. As of version 2.7, glibc provides no prototype for arch_prctl(). You have to declare it yourself for now. This may be fixed in future glibc versions. FS may be already used by the threading library. Programs that use ARCH_SET_FS directly are very likely to crash.
mmap(2), modify_ldt(2), prctl(2), set_thread_area(2) AMD X86-64 Programmer's manual
This page is part of release 4.07 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. Linux 2015-02-21 ARCH_PRCTL(2)
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