PMREP(1)                   General Commands Manual                  PMREP(1)

NAME         top

       pmrep - performance metrics reporter

SYNOPSIS         top

       pmrep [-CdGHILpruUvVxz?]  [-a archive] [--archive-folio folio] [-A
       align] [-b space-scale] [-c config] [--container container] [-e
       derived] [-E lines] [-f format] [-F outfile] [-h host] [-i instances]
       [-K spec] [-l delimiter] [-o output] [-O origin] [-P precision] [-q
       count-scale] [-s samples] [-S starttime] [-t interval] [-T endtime]
       [-w width] [-X label] [-y time-scale] [-Z timezone] metricspec [...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       pmrep is a customizable performance metrics reporting tool.  Any
       available performance metric, live or archived, system and/or
       application, can be selected for reporting using one of the output
       alternatives listed below together with applicable formatting

       pmrep collects the selected metric values through the facilities of
       the Performance Co-Pilot (PCP), see PCPIntro(1).  The metrics to be
       reported are specified on the command line, in a configuration file,
       or both.  Metrics can be automatically converted and scaled using the
       PCP facilities, either by default or by per-metric scaling
       specifications.  In addition to the existing metrics, derived metrics
       can be defined using the arithmetic expressions described in

       Unless directed to another host by the -h option, pmrep will contact
       the Performance Metrics Collector Daemon (PMCD, see pmcd(1)) on the
       local host.

       The -a option causes pmrep to use the specified set of archive logs
       rather than connecting to a PMCD.  The -a and -h options are mutually

       The -L option causes pmrep to use a local context to collect metrics
       from DSO PMDAs (Performance Metrics Domain Agents, ``plugins'') on
       the local host without PMCD.  Only some metrics are available in this
       mode.  The -a, -h, and -L options are mutually exclusive.

       The metrics of interest are named in the metricspec argument(s).  If
       a metricspec specifies a non-leaf node in the Performance Metrics
       Name Space (PMNS), then pmrep will recursively descend the PMNS and
       report on all leaf nodes (i.e., metrics) for that metricspec.  (Use
       for example pminfo(1) to list all the leaf nodes and their

       A metricspec has three different forms. First, on the command line it
       can start with a colon (``:'') to indicate a metricset to be read
       from a pmrep configuration file (see pmrep.conf(5)) which can then
       consist of any number of metricspecs.  Second, a metricspec starting
       with non-colon specifies a PMNS node as described above, optionally
       followed by metric formatting definitions (applicable only to leaf
       nodes).  This so-called compact form of a metricspec is defined as


       A valid PMNS node (metric) is mandatory.  It can be followed by a
       text label used by supporting output targets (such as csv and stdout,
       see below).  The optional instance definition restricts csv and
       stdout reporting to the specified instances (so non-matching
       instances will be filtered).  An optional unit/scale is applicable
       for dimension-compatible, non-string metrics.  (See below for
       supported unit/scale specifications.)  By default, cumulative counter
       metrics are converted to rates.  Finally, for supporting output
       targets (currently: stdout) a numeric width can be used to set the
       width of the output column for this metric.  Too-wide numeric values
       for output will not be printed (apart from trailing decimals, numeric
       values will never be silently truncated).  Too-wide strings will be

       As a special case with metrics that are counters with time units
       (nanoseconds to hours), the unit/scale can be used to change the
       default reporting (for example, milliseconds / second) to normalize
       to the range zero to one by setting this to sec (see also -y).

       The following metricspec requests the metric kernel.all.sysfork to be
       reported under the label forks, converting to the default rate
       count/s in an 8 wide column.  Although the definitions in this
       compact form are optional, they must always be provided in the order
       specified above.


       The third form of a metricspec is described and valid only in

       Derived metrics are specified like PMNS leaf node metrics.

       Configuration file options override the corresponding built-in
       default values (if any).  Command line options override the
       corresponding configuration file options (if any).


       The available command line options are:

       -a   Performance metric values are retrieved from the set of
            Performance Co-Pilot (PCP) archive log files identified by the
            argument archive, which is a comma-separated list of names, each
            of which may be the base name of an archive or the name of a
            directory containing one or more archives.  See also -u.

            Read metric source archives from the PCP archive folio (see

       -A   When reporting archived metrics, force the initial sample to be
            aligned on the boundary of a natural time unit align.  Refer to
            PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for align.

       -b   Unit/scale for space (byte) metrics, possible values include
            bytes, Kbytes, KB, Mbytes, MB, and so forth up to Ebytes, EB.
            This option will not override possible per-metric
            specifications.  See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -c   Specify the config file to use.  The default is the first found
            of: ./pmrep.conf, $HOME/.pmrep.conf, $HOME/pcp/pmrep.conf, and
            $PCP_SYSCONF_DIR/pmrep/pmrep.conf.  See pmrep.conf(5).

            Fetch performance metrics from the specified container, either
            local or remote (see -h).

       -C   Exit before reporting any values, but after parsing the
            configuration and metrics and printing possible headers.

       -d   When replaying from an archive, this option requests that the
            prevailing real-time delay be applied between samples (see -t)
            to effect a pause, rather than the default behaviour of
            replaying  at full speed.

       -e   Specify derived performance metrics. If derived starts with a
            slash (``/'') or with a dot (``.'') it will be interpreted as a
            derived metrics configuration file, otherwise it will be
            interpreted as comma-separated derived metric expressions.  For
            details see pmLoadDerivedConfig(3) and pmRegisterDerived(3).

       -E   Repeat the header every lines of output.

       -f   Use the format string for formatting the timestamp.  The format
            will be used with Python's datetime.strftime method which is
            mostly the same as that described in strftime(3).  An empty
            format string (i.e., '') will remove the timestamps from the
            output.  The default with stdout is %H:%M:%S.  The default with
            csv is %Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S.

       -F   Specify the output file outfile.  See -o.

       -G   Do not include global metrics in reporting (see pmrep.conf(5)).

       -h   Fetch performance metrics from pmcd(1) on host, rather than the
            default localhost.

       -H   Do not print any headers.

       -i   Report only the listed instances (if present).  By default all
            current instances are reported.  This is a global option that is
            used for all metrics unless a metric-specific instance
            definition is provided as part of a metricspec.  By default
            metrics without instances are reported as usual, use -v to
            change this.

            The list may consist of one or more comma-separated instances.
            The instance name may be quoted with single (') or double (")
            quotes for those cases where the instance name contains commas
            or white space. Note that on the command line when specifying
            more than one instance, all the names must be quoted.

            Multiple -i options are allowed as an alternative way of
            specifying more than one instance of interest.

            As an example, the following would report the same instances:

                 $ pmrep -i "'1 minute','5 minute'" kernel.all.load
                 $ pmrep -i '"1 minute","5 minute"' kernel.all.load
                 $ pmrep -i "'1 minute'" -i "'5 minute'" kernel.all.load
                 $ pmrep kernel.all.load,,"'1 minute','5 minute'"
                 $ pmrep kernel.all.load,,'"1 minute","5 minute"'

            However, this would report only the 1-minute instance:

                 $ pmrep -i '"1 minute","5 minute"' kernel.all.load,,"1 minute"

       -I   Ignore incompatible metrics. By default incompatible metrics
            (that is, their type is unsupported or they cannot be scaled as
            requested) will cause pmrep to terminate with an error message.
            With this option all incompatible metrics are silently omitted
            from reporting. This may be especially useful when requesting
            non-leaf nodes of the PMNS tree for reporting.

       -K   When fetching metrics from a local context (see -L), the -K
            option may be used to control the DSO PMDAs that should be made
            accessible.  The spec argument conforms to the syntax described
            in __pmSpecLocalPMDA(3).  More than one -K option may be used.

       -l   Specify the delimiter that separates each column of csv or
            stdout output.  The delimiter may only be a single character.
            The default for stdout is two spaces (``  '') and comma (``,'')
            for csv.

       -L   Use a local context to collect metrics from DSO PMDAs on the
            local host without PMCD.  See also -K.

       -o   Use output target for reporting.  The default target is stdout.
            The available target alternatives are:

              Record metrics into a PCP archive which can later be replayed
              with PCP tools, including pmrep itself. See pcp-archive(5) and
              PCPIntro(1) for details about PCP archive files.  Requires -F.

              Print metrics in CSV format (subject to formatting options).

              Print metrics to stdout (format subject to formatting

              Send metrics to a Zabbix server.  See pmrep.conf(5) for the
              needed Zabbix configuration options.  This target is currently

       -O   When reporting archived metrics, start reporting at origin
            within the time window (see -S and -T).  Refer to PCPIntro(1)
            for a complete description of the syntax for origin.

       -p   Print timestamps.  By default no timestamps are printed.

       -P   Use precision for numeric non-integer output values.  If the
            value is too wide for its column width, precision is reduced one
            by one until the value fits, or not printed at all if it does
            not.  The default is to use 3 decimal places (when applicable).

       -q   Unit/scale for count metrics, possible values include count x
            10^-1, count, count x 10, count x 10^2, and so forth from 10^-8
            to 10^7.  (These values are currently space-sensitive.)  This
            option will not override possible per-metric specifications.
            See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -r   Output raw metric values, do not convert cumulative counters to
            rates.  This option will override possible per-metric

       -s   The argument samples defines the number of samples to be
            retrieved and reported.  If samples is 0 or -s is not specified,
            pmrep will sample and report continuously (in real time mode) or
            until the end of the set of PCP archives (in archive mode).  See
            also -T.

       -S   When reporting archived metrics, the report will be restricted
            to those records logged at or after starttime.  Refer to
            PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for

       -t   The default update interval may be set to something other than
            the default 1 second.  The interval argument follows the syntax
            described in PCPIntro(1), and in the simplest form may be an
            unsigned integer (the implied units in this case are seconds).
            See also the -T and -u options.

       -T   When reporting archived metrics, the report will be restricted
            to those records logged before or at endtime.  Refer to
            PCPIntro(1) for a complete description of the syntax for

            When used to define the runtime before pmrep will exit, if no
            samples is given (see -s) then the number of reported samples
            depends on interval (see -t).  If samples is given then interval
            will be adjusted to allow reporting of samples during runtime.
            In case all of -T, -s, and -t are given, endtime determines the
            actual time pmrep will run.

       -u   When reporting archived metrics, by default values are reported
            according to the selected sample interval (-t option), not
            according to the actual record interval in an archive.  To this
            effect PCP interpolates the values to be reported based on the
            records in the archive.  With the -u option uninterpolated
            reporting is enabled, every recorded value for the selected
            metrics is reported and the requested sample interval (-t) is

            So for example, if a PCP archive contains recorded values for
            every 10 seconds and the requested sample interval is 1 hour, by
            default pmrep will use an interpolation scheme to compute the
            values of the requested metrics from the values recorded in the
            proximity of these requested metrics and values for every 1 hour
            are reported.  With -u every record every 10 seconds are used as
            such (the reported values are still subject to rate conversion,
            use -r to disable).

       -U   Omit unit information from of headers.

       -v   Omit single-valued ``flat'' metrics from reporting when
            instances were requested.  See -i and -I.

       -V   Display version number and exit.

       -w   Set the stdout output column width.  Strings will be truncated
            to this width.  The default width is the shortest that can fit
            the metric label, the forced minimum is 3.  This option will not
            override possible per-metric specifications.

       -x   Print extended header.

       -X   Swap columns and rows in stdout output, reporting one instance
            per line, using label as the label for instance column (set to
            an empty string "" to enable swapping without a specific label).
            This is convenient to allow easily using grep(1) to filter
            results or to more closely mimic other utilities.  See also -i.

       -y   Unit/scale for time metrics, possible values include nanosec,
            ns, microsec, us, millisec, ms, and so forth up to hour, hr.
            This option will not override possible per-metric
            specifications.  See also pmParseUnitsStr(3).

       -z   Use the local timezone of the host that is the source of the
            performance metrics, as identified by either the -h or the -a
            options.  The default is to use the timezone of the local host.

       -Z   Use timezone when displaying the date and time.  Timezone is in
            the format of the environment variable TZ as described in

       -?   Display usage message and exit.

EXAMPLES         top

       The following examples use the PCP facilities for collecting the
       metric values, no external utilities are needed.  The examples expect
       the default configuration file to contain the metricset

       Display network interface metrics on the local host:
           $ pmrep

       Display all outgoing network metrics for the wlan0 interface:
           $ pmrep -i wlan0 -v network.interface.out

       Display per-device disk reads and writes from the host server1 using
       two seconds interval and CSV output format:
           $ pmrep -h server1 -o csv -t 2s

       Display timestamped vmstat(8) like information using MBs instead of
       bytes and also include the number of in-use inodes:
           $ pmrep -p -b MB vfs.inodes.count :vmstat

       Display sar -w and sar -W like information at the same time from the
       PCP archive ./20150921.09.13 showing values recorded between 3 - 5
           $ pmrep -a ./20150921.09.13 -S @15:00 -T @17:00 :sar-w :sar-W

       Record all 389 Directory Server, XFS file system and CPU/disk/memory
       related metrics every five seconds for the next five minutes to the
       PCP archive ./a:
        $ pmrep -o archive -F ./a -t 5s -T 5m ds389 xfs kernel.all.cpu disk mem

FILES         top

                 pmrep configuration file (see -c).
                 System provided configuration file.


       Environment variables with the prefix PCP_ are used to parametrize
       the file and directory names used by PCP.  On each installation, the
       file /etc/pcp.conf contains the local values for these variables.
       The $PCP_CONF variable may be used to specify an alternative
       configuration file, as described in pcp.conf(5).

SEE ALSO         top

       mkaf(1), PCPIntro(1), pcp(1), pcp-atop(1), pmcd(1), pmchart(1),
       pmcollectl(1), pmdiff(1), pmdumplog(1), pmdumptext(1), pminfo(1),
       pmiostat(1), pmlogextract(1), pmlogsummary(1), pmprobe(1), pmstat(1),
       pmval(1), sar(1), __pmSpecLocalPMDA(3), pmLoadDerivedConfig(3),
       pmParseUnitsStr(3), pmRegisterDerived(3), strftime(3),
       pcp-archive(5), pcp.conf(5), pmns(5), pmrep.conf(5), environ(7) and

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the PCP (Performance Co-Pilot) project.
       Information about the project can be found at ⟨⟩.
       If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to  This page was obtained from the project's upstream
       Git repository ⟨⟩ on
       2017-09-15.  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
       sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
       source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
       ual page), send a mail to

Performance Co-Pilot                 PCP                            PMREP(1)

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