logger makes entries in the system log.
When the optional message argument is present, it is written to the
log. If it is not present, and the -f option is not given either,
then standard input is logged.
Use datagrams (UDP) only. By default the connection is tried
to the syslog port defined in /etc/services, which is often
Ignore empty lines when processing files. An empty line is
defined to be a line without any characters. Thus a line
consisting only of whitespace is NOT considered empty. Note
that when the --prio-prefix option is specified, the priority
is not part of the line. Thus an empty line in this mode is a
line that does not have any characters after the priority
prefix (e.g. <13>).
-f, --file file
Log the contents of the specified file. This option cannot be
combined with a command-line message.
-i Log the PID of the logger process with each line.
Log the PID of the logger process with each line. When the
optional argument id is specified, then it is used instead of
the logger command's PID. The use of --id=$$ (PPID) is
recommended in scripts that send several messages.
Note that the system logging infrastructure (for example
systemd when listening on /dev/log) may follow local socket
credentials to overwrite the PID specified in the message.
logger(1) is able to set those socket credentials to the given
id, but only if you have root permissions and a process with
the specified PID exists, otherwise the socket credentials are
not modified and the problem is silently ignored.
Write a systemd journal entry. The entry is read from the
given file, when specified, otherwise from standard input.
Each line must begin with a field that is accepted by
journald; see systemd.journal-fields(7) for details. The use
of a MESSAGE_ID field is generally a good idea, as it makes
finding entries easy. Examples:
logger --journald <<endMESSAGE_ID=67feb6ffbaf24c5cbec13c008dd72309MESSAGE=The dogs bark, but the caravan goes on.DOGS=barkCARAVAN=goes onendlogger --journald=entry.txt
Notice that --journald will ignore values of other options,
such as priority. If priority is needed it must be within
input, and use PRIORITY field. The simple execution of
journalctl will display MESSAGE field. Use journalctl--output json-pretty to see rest of the fields.
Sets the RFC5424 MSGID field. Note that the space character
is not permitted inside of msgid. This option is only used if
--rfc5424 is specified as well; otherwise, it is silently
-n, --server server
Write to the specified remote syslog server instead of to the
system log socket. Unless --udp or --tcp is specified, logger
will first try to use UDP, but if this fails a TCP connection
Causes everything to be done except for writing the log
message to the system log, and removing the connection or the
journal. This option can be used together with --stderr for
Use the RFC 6587 octet counting framing method for sending
messages. When this option is not used, the default is no
framing on UDP, and RFC6587 non-transparent framing (also
known as octet stuffing) on TCP.
-P, --port port
Use the specified port. When this option is not specified,
the port defaults to syslog for udp and to syslog-conn for tcp
-p, --priority priority
Enter the message into the log with the specified priority.
The priority may be specified numerically or as a
facility.level pair. For example, -p local3.info logs the
message as informational in the local3 facility. The default
Look for a syslog prefix on every line read from standard
input. This prefix is a decimal number within angle brackets
that encodes both the facility and the level. The number is
constructed by multiplying the facility by 8 and then adding
the level. For example, local0.info, meaning facility=16 and
level=6, becomes <134>.
If the prefix contains no facility, the facility defaults to
what is specified by the -p option. Similarly, if no prefix
is provided, the line is logged using the priority given with
This option doesn't affect a command-line message.
Use the RFC 3164 BSD syslog protocol to submit messages to a
Use the RFC 5424 syslog protocol to submit messages to a
remote server. The optional without argument can be a comma-
separated list of the following values: notq, notime, nohost.
The notq value suppresses the time-quality structured data
from the submitted message. The time-quality information
shows whether the local clock was synchronized plus the
maximum number of microseconds the timestamp might be off.
The time quality is also automatically suppressed when --sd-idtimeQuality is specified.
The notime value (which implies notq) suppresses the complete
sender timestamp that is in ISO-8601 format, including
microseconds and timezone.
The nohost value suppresses gethostname(2) information from
the message header.
The RFC 5424 protocol has been the default for logger since
Output the message to standard error as well as to the system
Specifies a structured data element ID for an RFC 5424 message
header. The option has to be used before --sd-param to
introduce a new element. The number of structured data
elements is unlimited. The ID (name plus possibly @digits) is
case-sensitive and uniquely identifies the type and purpose of
the element. The same ID must not exist more than once in a
message. The @digits part is required for user-defined non-
logger currently generates the timeQuality standardized
element only. RFC 5424 also describes the elements origin
(with parameters ip, enterpriseId, software and swVersion) and
meta (with parameters sequenceId, sysUpTime and language).
These element IDs may be specified without the @digits suffix.
Specifies a structured data element parameter, a name and
value pair. The option has to be used after --sd-id and may
be specified more than once for the same element. Note that
the quotation marks around value are required and must be
escaped on the command line.
logger --rfc5424 --sd-id zoo@123 \--sd-param tiger=\"hungry\" \--sd-param zebra=\"running\" \--sd-id manager@123 \--sd-param onMeeting=\"yes\" \"this is message"
<13>1 2015-10-01T14:07:59.168662+02:00 ws kzak - - [timeQuality tzKnown="1" isSynced="1" syncAccuracy="218616"][zoo@123 tiger="hungry" zebra="running"][manager@123 onMeeting="yes"] this is message--size size
Sets the maximum permitted message size to size. The default
is 1KiB characters, which is the limit traditionally used and
specified in RFC 3164. With RFC 5424, this limit has become
flexible. A good assumption is that RFC 5424 receivers can at
least process 4KiB messages.
Most receivers accept messages larger than 1KiB over any type
of syslog protocol. As such, the --size option affects logger
in all cases (not only when --rfc5424 was used).
Note: the message-size limit limits the overall message size,
including the syslog header. Header sizes vary depending on
the selected options and the hostname length. As a rule of
thumb, headers are usually not longer than 50 to 80
characters. When selecting a maximum message size, it is
important to ensure that the receiver supports the max size as
well, otherwise messages may become truncated. Again, as a
rule of thumb two to four KiB message size should generally be
OK, whereas anything larger should be verified to work.
Print errors about Unix socket connections. The mode can be a
value of off, on, or auto. When the mode is auto logger will
detect if the init process is systemd, and if so assumption is
made /dev/log can be used early at boot. Other init systems
lack of /dev/log will not cause errors that is identical with
messaging using openlog(3) system call. The logger(1) before
version 2.26 used openlog, and hence was unable to detected
loss of messages sent to Unix sockets.
The default mode is auto. When errors are not enabled lost
messages are not communicated and will result to successful
return value of logger(1) invocation.
Use stream (TCP) only. By default the connection is tried to
the syslog-conn port defined in /etc/services, which is often
-t, --tag tag
Mark every line to be logged with the specified tag. The
default tag is the name of the user logged in on the terminal
(or a user name based on effective user ID).
-u, --socket socket
Write to the specified socket instead of to the system log
-- End the argument list. This allows the message to start with
a hyphen (-).
Display version information and exit.
Display help text and exit.
Valid facility names are:
authauthpriv for security information of a sensitive nature
crondaemonftpkern cannot be generated from userspace process, automatically converted to userlprmailnewssysloguseruucplocal0
local7security deprecated synonym for auth
Valid level names are:
emergalertcriterrwarningnoticeinfodebugpanic deprecated synonym for emergerror deprecated synonym for errwarn deprecated synonym for warning
For the priority order and intended purposes of these facilities and
levels, see syslog(3).
This page is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
utilities) project. Information about the project can be found at
⟨https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/⟩. If you have a
bug report for this manual page, send it to
firstname.lastname@example.org. This page was obtained from the
project's upstream Git repository
2016-09-01. If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
ual page), send a mail to email@example.com
util-linux November 2015 LOGGER(1)