NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | ENVIRONMENT | FILES | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

VIPW(8)                  System Management Commands                  VIPW(8)

NAME         top

       vipw, vigr - edit the password, group, shadow-password or
       shadow-group file

SYNOPSIS         top

       vipw [options]

       vigr [options]

DESCRIPTION         top

       The vipw and vigr commands edits the files /etc/passwd and
       /etc/group, respectively. With the -s flag, they will edit the shadow
       versions of those files, /etc/shadow and /etc/gshadow, respectively.
       The programs will set the appropriate locks to prevent file
       corruption. When looking for an editor, the programs will first try
       the environment variable $VISUAL, then the environment variable
       $EDITOR, and finally the default editor, vi(1).

OPTIONS         top

       The options which apply to the vipw and vigr commands are:

       -g, --group
           Edit group database.

       -h, --help
           Display help message and exit.

       -p, --passwd
           Edit passwd database.

       -q, --quiet
           Quiet mode.

       -R, --root CHROOT_DIR
           Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the
           configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.

       -s, --shadow
           Edit shadow or gshadow database.

ENVIRONMENT         top

       VISUAL
           Editor to be used.

       EDITOR
           Editor to be used if VISUAL is not set.

FILES         top

       /etc/group
           Group account information.

       /etc/gshadow
           Secure group account information.

       /etc/passwd
           User account information.

       /etc/shadow
           Secure user account information.

SEE ALSO         top

       vi(1), group(5), gshadow(5) , passwd(5), , shadow(5).

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the shadow-utils (utilities for managing
       accounts and shadow password files) project.  Information about the
       project can be found at ⟨http://pkg-shadow.alioth.debian.org/⟩.  If
       you have a bug report for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://pkg-shadow.alioth.debian.org/getinvolved.php⟩.  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨git://anonscm.debian.org/git/pkg-shadow/shadow.git⟩ on 2017-11-25.
       (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in
       the repository was 2017-09-27.)  If you discover any rendering prob‐
       lems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a bet‐
       ter or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections
       or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not
       part of the original manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

shadow-utils 4.4                 11/25/2017                          VIPW(8)