fsck.minix performs a consistency check for the Linux MINIX
The program assumes the filesystem is quiescent. fsck.minix should
not be used on a mounted device unless you can be sure nobody is
writing to it. Remember that the kernel can write to device when it
searches for files.
The device name will usually have the following form:
/dev/hda[1–63] IDE disk 1
/dev/hdb[1–63] IDE disk 2
/dev/sda[1–15] SCSI disk 1
/dev/sdb[1–15] SCSI disk 2
If the filesystem was changed, i.e., repaired, then fsck.minix will
print "FILE SYSTEM HAS CHANGED" and will sync(2) three times before
exiting. There is no need to reboot after check.
fsck.minix should not be used on a mounted filesystem. Using
fsck.minix on a mounted filesystem is very dangerous, due to the
possibility that deleted files are still in use, and can seriously
damage a perfectly good filesystem! If you absolutely have to run
fsck.minix on a mounted filesystem, such as the root filesystem, make
sure nothing is writing to the disk, and that no files are "zombies"
waiting for deletion.
List all filenames.
Perform interactive repairs.
Perform automatic repairs. This option implies --repair and
serves to answer all of the questions asked with the default.
Note that this can be extremely dangerous in the case of
extensive filesystem damage.
Output super-block information.
Activate MINIX-like "mode not cleared" warnings.
Force a filesystem check even if the filesystem was marked as
valid. Marking is done by the kernel when the filesystem is
Display version information and exit.
Display help text and exit.
There are numerous diagnostic messages. The ones mentioned here are
the most commonly seen in normal usage.
If the device does not exist, fsck.minix will print "unable to read
super block". If the device exists, but is not a MINIX filesystem,
fsck.minix will print "bad magic number in super-block".
The exit code returned by fsck.minix is the sum of the following:
0 No errors
3 Filesystem errors corrected, system should be rebooted
if filesystem was mounted
4 Filesystem errors left uncorrected
7 Combination of exit codes 3 and 4
8 Operational error
16 Usage or syntax error
Linus Torvalds ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩
Error code values by Rik Faith ⟨email@example.com⟩
Added support for filesystem valid flag: Dr. Wettstein ⟨greg%wind.
Check to prevent fsck of mounted filesystem added by Daniel Quinlan
Minix v2 fs support by Andreas Schwab ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org-
dortmund.de⟩, updated by Nicolai Langfeldt ⟨email@example.com⟩.
Portability patch by Russell King ⟨firstname.lastname@example.org⟩.
This page is part of the util-linux (a random collection of Linux
utilities) project. Information about the project can be found at
⟨https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/⟩. If you have a
bug report for this manual page, send it to
email@example.com. This page was obtained from the
project's upstream Git repository
2017-03-13. If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
ual page), send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
util-linux June 2015 FSCK.MINIX(8)