NAME         top

       cryptsetup-reencrypt - tool for offline LUKS device re-encryption

SYNOPSIS         top

       cryptsetup-reencrypt <options> <device>

DESCRIPTION         top

       Cryptsetup-reencrypt can be used to change reencryption parameters
       which otherwise require full on-disk data change (re-encryption).

       You can regenerate volume key (the real key used in on-disk
       encryption unclocked by passphrase), cipher, cipher mode.

       Cryptsetup-reencrypt reencrypts data on LUKS device in-place. During
       reencryption process the LUKS device is marked unavailable.

       WARNING: The cryptsetup-reencrypt program is not resistant to
       hardware or kernel failures during reencryption (you can lose your
       data in this case).

       The reencryption can be temporarily suspended (by TERM signal or by
       using ctrl+c) but you need to retain temporary files named
       LUKS-<uuid>.[log|org|new].  LUKS device is unavailable until
       reencryption is finished though.

       Current working directory must be writable and temporary files
       created during reencryption must be present.

       For more info about LUKS see cryptsetup(8).

OPTIONS         top

       To start (or continue) re-encryption for <device> use:

       cryptsetup-reencrypt <device>

       <options> can be [--batch-mode, --block-size, --cipher | --keep-key,
       --debug, --device-size, --hash, --header, --iter-time |
       --pbkdf-force-iterations, --key-file, --key-size, --key-slot,
       --keyfile-offset, --keyfile-size, --master-key-file, --tries,
       --pbkdf, --pbkdf-memory, --pbkdf-parallel, --progress-frequency,
       --use-directio, --use-random | --use-urandom, --use-fsync, --uuid,
       --verbose, --write-log]

       To encrypt data on (not yet encrypted) device, use --new with
       combination with --reduce-device-size or with --header option for
       detached header.

       To remove encryption from device, use --decrypt.

       For detailed description of encryption and key file options see
       cryptsetup(8) man page.

       --batch-mode, -q
              Suppresses all warnings and reencryption progress output.

       --block-size, -B value
              Use re-encryption block size of <value> in MiB.

              Values can be between 1 and 64 MiB.

       --cipher, -c <cipher-spec>
              Set the cipher specification string.

              Run in debug mode with full diagnostic logs. Debug output
              lines are always prefixed by '#'.

              Remove encryption (decrypt already encrypted device and remove
              LUKS header).

              WARNING: This is destructive operation and cannot be reverted.

       --device-size size[units]
              Instead of real device size, use specified value.

              It means that only specified area (from the start of the
              device to the specified size) will be reencrypted.

              If no unit suffix is specified, the size is in bytes.

              Unit suffix can be S for 512 byte sectors, K/M/G/T (or
              KiB,MiB,GiB,TiB) for units with 1024 base or KB/MB/GB/TB for
              1000 base (SI scale).

              WARNING: This is destructive operation.

       --hash, -h <hash-spec>
              Specifies the hash used in the LUKS1 key setup scheme and
              volume key digest.

              NOTE: if this parameter is not specified, default hash
              algorithm is always used for new LUKS1 device header.

              NOTE: with LUKS2 format this option is only relevant when new
              keyslot pbkdf algorithm is set to PBKDF2 (see --pbkdf).

       --header <LUKS header file>
              Use a detached (separated) metadata device or file where the
              LUKS header is stored. This option allows one to store
              ciphertext and LUKS header on different devices.

              WARNING: There is no check whether the ciphertext device
              specified actually belongs to the header given.  If used with
              --new option, the header file will created (or overwritten).
              Use with care.

       --iter-time, -i <milliseconds>
              The number of milliseconds to spend with PBKDF2 passphrase
              processing for the new LUKS header.

              Do not change encryption key, just reencrypt the LUKS header
              and keyslots.

              This option can be combined only with --hash, --iter-time,
              --pbkdf-force-iterations, --pbkdf (LUKS2 only), --pbkdf-memory
              (Argon2i/id and LUKS2 only) and --pbkdf-parallel (Argon2i/id
              and LUKS2 only) options.

       --key-file, -d name
              Read the passphrase from file.

              WARNING: --key-file option can be used only if there is only
              one active keyslot, or alternatively, also if --key-slot
              option is specified (then all other keyslots will be disabled
              in new LUKS device).

              If this option is not used, cryptsetup-reencrypt will ask for
              all active keyslot passphrases.

       --key-size, -s <bits>
              Set key size in bits. The argument has to be a multiple of  8.

              The possible key-sizes are limited by the cipher and mode

              If you are increasing key size, there must be enough space in
              the LUKS header for enlarged keyslots (data offset must be
              large enough) or reencryption cannot be performed.

              If there is not enough space for keyslots with new key size,
              you can destructively shrink device with --reduce-device-size

       --key-slot, -S <0-MAX>
              Specify which key slot is used. For LUKS1, max keyslot number
              is 7. For LUKS2, it's 31.

              WARNING: All other keyslots will be disabled if this option is

       --keyfile-offset value
              Skip value bytes at the beginning of the key file.

       --keyfile-size, -l
              Read a maximum of value bytes from the key file.  Default is
              to read the whole file up to the compiled-in maximum.

              Use new volume (master) key stored in a file.

       --new, -N
              Create new header (encrypt not yet encrypted device).

              This option must be used together with --reduce-device-size.

              WARNING: This is destructive operation and cannot be reverted.

              Set Password-Based Key Derivation Function (PBKDF) algorithm
              for LUKS keyslot.  The PBKDF can be: pbkdf2, argon2i for
              Argon2i or argon2id for Argon2id.

              For LUKS1, only pbkdf2 is accepted (no need to use this

       --pbkdf-force-iterations <num>
              Avoid PBKDF benchmark and set time cost (iterations) directly.

       --pbkdf-memory <number>
              Set the memory cost for PBKDF (for Argon2i/id the number
              represents kilobytes).  Note that it is maximal value, PBKDF
              benchmark or available physical memory can decrease it.  This
              option is not available for PBKDF2.

       --pbkdf-parallel <number>
              Set the parallel cost for PBKDF (number of threads, up to 4).
              Note that it is maximal value, it is decreased automatically
              if CPU online count is lower.  This option is not available
              for PBKDF2.

       --progress-frequency <seconds>
              Print separate line every <seconds> with reencryption

       --reduce-device-size size[units]
              Enlarge data offset to specified value by shrinking device

              This means that last sectors on the original device will be
              lost, ciphertext data will be effectively shifted by specified
              number of sectors.

              It can be useful if you e.g. added some space to underlying
              partition (so last sectors contains no data).

              For units suffix see --device-size parameter description.

              You cannot shrink device more than by 64 MiB (131072 sectors).

              WARNING: This is destructive operation and cannot be reverted.
              Use with extreme care - shrunk filesystems are usually

       --tries, -T
              Number of retries for invalid passphrase entry.

       --type <type>
              Use only while encrypting not yet encrypted device (see

              Specify LUKS version when performing in-place encryption. If
              the parameter is omitted default value (LUKS1) is used. Type
              may be one of: luks (default), luks1 or luks2.

              Use direct-io (O_DIRECT) for all read/write data operations
              related to block device undergoing reencryption.

              Useful if direct-io operations perform better than normal
              buffered operations (e.g. in virtual environments).

              Use fsync call after every written block. This applies for
              reencryption log files as well.


              Define which kernel random number generator will be used to
              create the volume key.

       --uuid <uuid>
              Use only while resuming an interrupted decryption process (see

              To find out what <uuid> to pass look for temporary files
              LUKS-<uuid>.[|log|org|new] of the interrupted decryption

       --verbose, -v
              Print more information on command execution.

              Show the program version.

              Update log file after every block write. This can slow down
              reencryption but will minimize data loss in the case of system

RETURN CODES         top

       Cryptsetup-reencrypt returns 0 on success and a non-zero value on

       Error codes are: 1 wrong parameters, 2 no permission, 3 out of
       memory, 4 wrong device specified, 5 device already exists or device
       is busy.

EXAMPLES         top

       Reencrypt /dev/sdb1 (change volume key)
              cryptsetup-reencrypt /dev/sdb1

       Reencrypt and also change cipher and cipher mode
              cryptsetup-reencrypt /dev/sdb1 -c aes-xts-plain64

       Add LUKS encryption to not yet encrypted device

              First, be sure you have space added to disk.

              Or alternatively shrink filesystem in advance.
              Here we need 4096 512-bytes sectors (enough for 2x128 bit

              fdisk -u /dev/sdb # move sdb1 partition end + 4096 sectors (or
              use resize2fs or tool for your filesystem and shrink it)

              cryptsetup-reencrypt /dev/sdb1 --new --reduce-device-size

       Remove LUKS encryption completely

              cryptsetup-reencrypt /dev/sdb1 --decrypt

REPORTING BUGS         top

       Report bugs, including ones in the documentation, on the cryptsetup
       mailing list at <> or in the 'Issues' section on
       LUKS website.  Please attach the output of the failed command with
       the --debug option added.

AUTHORS         top

       Cryptsetup-reencrypt was written by Milan Broz <>.

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2012-2018 Milan Broz
       Copyright © 2012-2018 Red Hat, Inc.

       This is free software; see the source for copying conditions.  There
       is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A

SEE ALSO         top

       The project website at 

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the Cryptsetup ((open-source disk encryption))
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report
       for this manual page, send it to  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2018-10-29.  (At
       that time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the
       repository was 2018-10-28.)  If you discover any rendering problems
       in this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or
       more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
       improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part
       of the original manual page), send a mail to

cryptsetup-reencrypt            January 2018         CRYPTSETUP-REENCRYPT(8)