This command will generate a stream of instructions that describe
changes between two subvolumes. The stream can be consumed by the
btrfs receive command to replicate the sent subvolume on a different
filesystem. The command operates in two modes: full and incremental.
All subvolumes involved in one send command must be read-only (ie.
the read-only snapshots and this status cannot be changed if there’s
a running send operation that uses the subvolume).
In the full mode, the entire subvolume data and metadata will end up
in the stream.
In the incremental mode (options -p and -c), there can be one or more
parent subvolumes that will establish the base for determining the
changes. The final stream will be smaller compared to the full mode.
It is allowed to omit the -p <parent> option when -c <clone-src>
options are given, in which case btrfs send will determine a suitable
parent among the clone sources itself.
You must not specify clone sources unless you guarantee that these
snapshots are exactly in the same state on both sides, the sender and
if sending multiple subvolumes at once, use the new format and
omit the end cmd marker in the stream separating the subvolumes
send an incremental stream from parent to subvol
use this snapshot as a clone source for an incremental send
output is normally written to standard output so it can be, for
example, piped to btrfs receive. Use this option to write it to a
send in NO_FILE_DATA mode
The output stream does not contain any file data and thus cannot
be used to transfer changes. This mode is faster and useful to
show the differences in metadata.
enable verbose output, print generated commands in a readable
form, (each occurrence of this option increases the verbosity
suppress all messages except errors
This page is part of the btrfs-progs (btrfs filesystem tools)
project. Information about the project can be found at
If you have a bug report for this manual page, see
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Btrfs v4.6.1 03/12/2017 BTRFS-SEND(8)