BTRFS-RESCUE(8)                 Btrfs Manual                 BTRFS-RESCUE(8)

NAME         top

       btrfs-rescue - Recover a damaged btrfs filesystem

SYNOPSIS         top

       btrfs rescue <subcommand> <args>

DESCRIPTION         top

       btrfs rescue is used to try to recover a damaged btrfs filesystem.

SUBCOMMAND         top

       chunk-recover [options] <device>
           Recover the chunk tree by scanning the devices


               assume an answer of yes to all questions.

               verbose mode.


           Since chunk-recover will scan the whole device, it will be VERY
           slow especially executed on a large device.

       super-recover [options] <device>
           Recover bad superblocks from good copies.


               assume an answer of yes to all questions.

               verbose mode.

       zero-log <device>
           clear the filesystem log tree

           This command will clear the filesystem log tree. This may fix a
           specific set of problem when the filesystem mount fails due to
           the log replay. See below for sample stacktraces that may show up
           in system log.

           The common case where this happens has been fixed a long time
           ago, so it is unlikely that you will see this particular problem,
           but the utility is kept around.

               clearing the log may lead to loss of changes that were made
               since the last transaction commit. This may be up to 30
               seconds (default commit period) or less if the commit was
               implied by other filesystem activity.
           One can determine whether zero-log is needed according to the
           kernel backtrace:

               ? replay_one_dir_item+0xb5/0xb5 [btrfs]
               ? walk_log_tree+0x9c/0x19d [btrfs]
               ? btrfs_read_fs_root_no_radix+0x169/0x1a1 [btrfs]
               ? btrfs_recover_log_trees+0x195/0x29c [btrfs]
               ? replay_one_dir_item+0xb5/0xb5 [btrfs]
               ? btree_read_extent_buffer_pages+0x76/0xbc [btrfs]
               ? open_ctree+0xff6/0x132c [btrfs]

           If the errors are like above, then zero-log should be used to
           clear the log and the filesystem may be mounted normally again.
           The keywords to look for are open_ctree which says that it’s
           during mount and function names that contain replay, recover or

EXIT STATUS         top

       btrfs rescue returns a zero exit status if it succeeds. Non zero is
       returned in case of failure.

AVAILABILITY         top

       btrfs is part of btrfs-progs. Please refer to the btrfs wiki for further details.

SEE ALSO         top

       mkfs.btrfs(8), btrfs-scrub(8), btrfs-check(8)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the btrfs-progs (btrfs filesystem tools)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       If you have a bug report for this manual page, see 
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository 
       on 2017-09-15.  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML
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       manual page), send a mail to

Btrfs v4.6.1                     09/04/2017                  BTRFS-RESCUE(8)

Pages that refer to this page: btrfs(8)btrfs-check(8)btrfs-restore(8)