NAME | DESCRIPTION | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

HOSTNAME(7)               Linux Programmer's Manual              HOSTNAME(7)

NAME         top

       hostname - hostname resolution description

DESCRIPTION         top

       Hostnames are domains, where a domain is a hierarchical, dot-
       separated list of subdomains; for example, the machine monet, in the
       Berkeley subdomain of the EDU domain would be represented as
       "monet.Berkeley.EDU".

       Hostnames are often used with network client and server programs,
       which must generally translate the name to an address for use.  (This
       task is generally performed by either getaddrinfo(3) or the obsolete
       gethostbyname(3).)  Hostnames are resolved by the Internet name
       resolver in the following fashion.

       If the name consists of a single component, that is, contains no dot,
       and if the environment variable HOSTALIASES is set to the name of a
       file, that file is searched for any string matching the input
       hostname.  The file should consist of lines made up of two white-
       space separated strings, the first of which is the hostname alias,
       and the second of which is the complete hostname to be substituted
       for that alias.  If a case-insensitive match is found between the
       hostname to be resolved and the first field of a line in the file,
       the substituted name is looked up with no further processing.

       If the input name ends with a trailing dot, the trailing dot is
       removed, and the remaining name is looked up with no further
       processing.

       If the input name does not end with a trailing dot, it is looked up
       by searching through a list of domains until a match is found.  The
       default search list includes first the local domain, then its parent
       domains with at least 2 name components (longest first).  For
       example, in the domain CS.Berkeley.EDU, the name lithium.CChem will
       be checked first as lithium.CChem.CS.Berkeley.EDU and then as
       lithium.CChem.Berkeley.EDU.  Lithium.CChem.EDU will not be tried, as
       there is only one component remaining from the local domain.  The
       search path can be changed from the default by a system-wide
       configuration file (see resolver(5)).

SEE ALSO         top

       gethostbyname(3), resolver(5), mailaddr(7), named(8)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 4.07 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                            2010-11-07                      HOSTNAME(7)