NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | AUTOMATIC DEPENDENCIES | THE UDEV DATABASE | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

SYSTEMD.DEVICE(5)              systemd.device              SYSTEMD.DEVICE(5)

NAME         top

       systemd.device - Device unit configuration

SYNOPSIS         top

       device.device

DESCRIPTION         top

       A unit configuration file whose name ends in ".device" encodes
       information about a device unit as exposed in the sysfs/udev(7)
       device tree.

       This unit type has no specific options. See systemd.unit(5) for the
       common options of all unit configuration files. The common
       configuration items are configured in the generic "[Unit]" and
       "[Install]" sections. A separate "[Device]" section does not exist,
       since no device-specific options may be configured.

       systemd will dynamically create device units for all kernel devices
       that are marked with the "systemd" udev tag (by default all block and
       network devices, and a few others). This may be used to define
       dependencies between devices and other units. To tag a udev device,
       use "TAG+="systemd"" in the udev rules file, see udev(7) for details.

       Device units are named after the /sys and /dev paths they control.
       Example: the device /dev/sda5 is exposed in systemd as
       dev-sda5.device. For details about the escaping logic used to convert
       a file system path to a unit name see systemd.unit(5).

AUTOMATIC DEPENDENCIES         top

       Many unit types automatically acquire dependencies on device units of
       devices they require. For example, .socket unit acquire dependencies
       on the device units of the network interface specified in
       BindToDevice=. Similar, swap and mount units acquire dependencies on
       the units encapsulating their backing block devices.

THE UDEV DATABASE         top

       The settings of device units may either be configured via unit files,
       or directly from the udev database (which is recommended). The
       following udev device properties are understood by systemd:

       SYSTEMD_WANTS=, SYSTEMD_USER_WANTS=
           Adds dependencies of type Wants from the device unit to all
           listed units. The first form is used by the system systemd
           instance, the second by user systemd instances. Those settings
           may be used to activate arbitrary units when a specific device
           becomes available.

           Note that this and the other tags are not taken into account
           unless the device is tagged with the "systemd" string in the udev
           database, because otherwise the device is not exposed as a
           systemd unit (see above).

           Note that systemd will only act on Wants dependencies when a
           device first becomes active. It will not act on them if they are
           added to devices that are already active. Use SYSTEMD_READY= (see
           below) to influence on which udev event to trigger the
           dependencies.

       SYSTEMD_ALIAS=
           Adds an additional alias name to the device unit. This must be an
           absolute path that is automatically transformed into a unit name.
           (See above.)

       SYSTEMD_READY=
           If set to 0, systemd will consider this device unplugged even if
           it shows up in the udev tree. If this property is unset or set to
           1, the device will be considered plugged if it is visible in the
           udev tree. This property has no influence on the behavior when a
           device disappears from the udev tree.

           This option is useful to support devices that initially show up
           in an uninitialized state in the tree, and for which a "changed"
           event is generated the moment they are fully set up. Note that
           SYSTEMD_WANTS= (see above) is not acted on as long as
           SYSTEMD_READY=0 is set for a device.

       ID_MODEL_FROM_DATABASE=, ID_MODEL=
           If set, this property is used as description string for the
           device unit.

SEE ALSO         top

       systemd(1), systemctl(1), systemd.unit(5), udev(7),
       systemd.directives(7)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service manager)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd⟩.  If you have a bug
       report for this manual page, see
       ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/#bugreports⟩.  This
       page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨https://github.com/systemd/systemd.git⟩ on 2017-11-25.  (At that
       time, the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repos‐
       itory was 2017-11-24.)  If you discover any rendering problems in
       this HTML version of the page, or you believe there is a better or
       more up-to-date source for the page, or you have corrections or
       improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part
       of the original manual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

systemd 234                                                SYSTEMD.DEVICE(5)

Pages that refer to this page: systemd(1)systemd.mount(5)systemd.socket(5)systemd.swap(5)systemd.unit(5)daemon(7)systemd.directives(7)systemd.index(7)