This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the
corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or
the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
The strdup() function shall return a pointer to a new string, which
is a duplicate of the string pointed to by s. The returned pointer
can be passed to free(). A null pointer is returned if the new
string cannot be created.
The strndup() function shall be equivalent to the strdup() function,
duplicating the provided s in a new block of memory allocated as if
by using malloc(), with the exception being that strndup() copies at
most size plus one bytes into the newly allocated memory, terminating
the new string with a NUL character. If the length of s is larger
than size, only size bytes shall be duplicated. If size is larger
than the length of s, all bytes in s shall be copied into the new
memory buffer, including the terminating NUL character. The newly
created string shall always be properly terminated.
The strdup() function shall return a pointer to a new string on
success. Otherwise, it shall return a null pointer and set errno to
indicate the error.
Upon successful completion, the strndup() function shall return a
pointer to the newly allocated memory containing the duplicated
string. Otherwise, it shall return a null pointer and set errno to
indicate the error.
For functions that allocate memory as if by malloc(), the application
should release such memory when it is no longer required by a call to
free(). For strdup() and strndup(), this is the return value.
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information
Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open
Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open
Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1
applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and
the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original
Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are
most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the
source files to man page format. To report such errors, see
IEEE/The Open Group 2013 STRDUP(3P)