NAME | LANGUAGE BASICS | PROBING | MORE EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

STAPEX(3stap)                                                  STAPEX(3stap)

NAME         top

       stapex - systemtap examples

LANGUAGE BASICS         top

       These examples give a feel for basic systemtap syntax and control
       structures.

              global odds, evens

              probe begin {
                # "no" and "ne" are local integers
                for (i=0; i<10; i++) {
                  if (i % 2) odds [no++] = i
                  else evens [ne++] = i
                }
                delete odds[2]
                delete evens[3]
                exit ()
              }

              probe end {
                foreach (x+ in odds) {
                  printf ("odds[%d] = %d\n", x, odds[x])
                }
                foreach (x in evens-) {
                  printf ("evens[%d] = %d\n", x, evens[x])
                }
              }

       This prints:

              odds[1] = 1
              odds[3] = 5
              odds[4] = 7
              odds[5] = 9
              evens[5] = 8
              evens[4] = 6
              evens[2] = 2
              evens[1] = 0

       Note that all variables types are inferred, and that all locals and
       globals are automatically initialized.

       This script prints the primes between 0 and 49.

              function isprime (x) {
                if (x < 2) return 0
                for (i=2; i<x; i++) {
                  if (x % i == 0) return 0
                  if (i * i > x) break
                }
                return 1
              }
              probe begin {
                for (i=0; i<50; i++)
                  if (isprime (i)) printf("%d\n", i)
                exit()
              }

       This script demonstrates recursive functions.

              function fibonacci(i) {
                if (i < 1) error ("bad number")
                if (i == 1) return 1
                if (i == 2) return 2
                return fibonacci (i-1) + fibonacci (i-2)
              }
              probe begin {
                printf ("11th fibonacci number: %d\n", fibonacci (11))
                exit ()
              }

       Any larger number may exceed the MAXACTION or MAXNESTING limits, and
       result in an error.

PROBING         top

       To trace entry and exit from a function, use a pair of probes:

              probe kernel.function("sys_mkdir") { println ("enter") }
              probe kernel.function("sys_mkdir").return { println ("exit") }

       To list the probeable functions in the kernel, use the listings mode.

              % stap -l 'kernel.function("*")'

       To list the probeable functions and local variables in the kernel,
       use another listings mode.

              % stap -L 'kernel.function("*")'

MORE EXAMPLES         top

       The directory to find more examples can be found in the stappaths (7)
       manual page, and online at http://sourceware.org/systemtap/examples/ 

SEE ALSO         top

       stap(1)
       stapprobes(3stap)
       stappaths(7)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the systemtap (a tracing and live-system
       analysis tool) project.  Information about the project can be found
       at ⟨https://sourceware.org/systemtap/⟩.  If you have a bug report for
       this manual page, send it to systemtap@sourceware.org.  This page was
       obtained from the project's upstream Git repository 
       ⟨git://sourceware.org/git/systemtap.git⟩ on 2017-03-13.  If you dis‐
       cover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
       believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or
       you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
       COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
       to man-pages@man7.org

                                                               STAPEX(3stap)