NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUE | ERRORS | VERSIONS | ATTRIBUTES | CONFORMING TO | NOTES | EXAMPLE | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

PTHREAD_GETCPUCLOCKID(3)  Linux Programmer's Manual PTHREAD_GETCPUCLOCKID(3)

NAME         top

       pthread_getcpuclockid - retrieve ID of a thread's CPU time clock

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <pthread.h>
       #include <time.h>

       int pthread_getcpuclockid(pthread_t thread, clockid_t *clock_id);

       Compile and link with -pthread.

DESCRIPTION         top

       The pthread_getcpuclockid() function returns the clock ID for the CPU
       time clock of the thread thread.

RETURN VALUE         top

       On success, this function returns 0; on error, it returns a nonzero
       error number.

ERRORS         top

       ENOENT Per-thread CPU time clocks are not supported by the system.

       ESRCH  No thread with the ID thread could be found.

VERSIONS         top

       This function is available in glibc since version 2.2.

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       attributes(7).

       ┌────────────────────────┬───────────────┬─────────┐
       │Interface               Attribute     Value   │
       ├────────────────────────┼───────────────┼─────────┤
       │pthread_getcpuclockid() │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe │
       └────────────────────────┴───────────────┴─────────┘

CONFORMING TO         top

       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

NOTES         top

       When thread refers to the calling thread, this function returns an
       identifier that refers to the same clock manipulated by
       clock_gettime(2) and clock_settime(2) when given the clock ID
       CLOCK_THREAD_CPUTIME_ID.

EXAMPLE         top

       The program below creates a thread and then uses clock_gettime(2) to
       retrieve the total process CPU time, and the per-thread CPU time
       consumed by the two threads.  The following shell session shows an
       example run:

           $ ./a.out
           Main thread sleeping
           Subthread starting infinite loop
           Main thread consuming some CPU time...
           Process total CPU time:    1.368
           Main thread CPU time:      0.376
           Subthread CPU time:        0.992

   Program source

       /* Link with "-lrt" */

       #include <time.h>
       #include <stdio.h>
       #include <stdlib.h>
       #include <unistd.h>
       #include <pthread.h>
       #include <string.h>
       #include <errno.h>

       #define handle_error(msg) \
               do { perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)

       #define handle_error_en(en, msg) \
               do { errno = en; perror(msg); exit(EXIT_FAILURE); } while (0)

       static void *
       thread_start(void *arg)
       {
           printf("Subthread starting infinite loop\n");
           for (;;)
               continue;
       }

       static void
       pclock(char *msg, clockid_t cid)
       {
           struct timespec ts;

           printf("%s", msg);
           if (clock_gettime(cid, &ts) == -1)
               handle_error("clock_gettime");
           printf("%4ld.%03ld\n", ts.tv_sec, ts.tv_nsec / 1000000);
       }

       int
       main(int argc, char *argv[])
       {
           pthread_t thread;
           clockid_t cid;
           int j, s;

           s = pthread_create(&thread, NULL, thread_start, NULL);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_create");

           printf("Main thread sleeping\n");
           sleep(1);

           printf("Main thread consuming some CPU time...\n");
           for (j = 0; j < 2000000; j++)
               getppid();

           pclock("Process total CPU time: ", CLOCK_PROCESS_CPUTIME_ID);

           s = pthread_getcpuclockid(pthread_self(), &cid);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_getcpuclockid");
           pclock("Main thread CPU time:   ", cid);

           /* The preceding 4 lines of code could have been replaced by:
              pclock("Main thread CPU time:   ", CLOCK_THREAD_CPUTIME_ID); */

           s = pthread_getcpuclockid(thread, &cid);
           if (s != 0)
               handle_error_en(s, "pthread_getcpuclockid");
           pclock("Subthread CPU time: 1    ", cid);

           exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);         /* Terminates both threads */
       }

SEE ALSO         top

       clock_gettime(2), clock_settime(2), timer_create(2),
       clock_getcpuclockid(3), pthread_self(3), pthreads(7), time(7)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 4.07 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                            2015-08-08         PTHREAD_GETCPUCLOCKID(3)