NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | RETURN VALUE | ERRORS | FILES | ATTRIBUTES | CONFORMING TO | BUGS | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

GETPW(3)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 GETPW(3)

NAME         top

       getpw - reconstruct password line entry

SYNOPSIS         top

       #define _GNU_SOURCE             /* See feature_test_macros(7) */
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <pwd.h>

       int getpw(uid_t uid, char *buf);

DESCRIPTION         top

       The getpw() function reconstructs the password line entry for the
       given user ID uid in the buffer buf.  The returned buffer contains a
       line of format

              name:passwd:uid:gid:gecos:dir:shell

       The passwd structure is defined in <pwd.h> as follows:

           struct passwd {
               char   *pw_name;       /* username */
               char   *pw_passwd;     /* user password */
               uid_t   pw_uid;        /* user ID */
               gid_t   pw_gid;        /* group ID */
               char   *pw_gecos;      /* user information */
               char   *pw_dir;        /* home directory */
               char   *pw_shell;      /* shell program */
           };

       For more information about the fields of this structure, see
       passwd(5).

RETURN VALUE         top

       The getpw() function returns 0 on success; on error, it returns -1,
       and errno is set to indicate the error.

       If uid is not found in the password database, getpw() returns -1,
       sets errno to 0, and leaves buf unchanged.

ERRORS         top

       0 or ENOENT
              No user corresponding to uid.

       EINVAL buf is NULL.

       ENOMEM Insufficient memory to allocate passwd structure.

FILES         top

       /etc/passwd
              password database file

ATTRIBUTES         top

       For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see
       attributes(7).

       ┌──────────┬───────────────┬────────────────┐
       │Interface Attribute     Value          │
       ├──────────┼───────────────┼────────────────┤
       │getpw()   │ Thread safety │ MT-Safe locale │
       └──────────┴───────────────┴────────────────┘

CONFORMING TO         top

       SVr2.

BUGS         top

       The getpw() function is dangerous as it may overflow the provided
       buffer buf.  It is obsoleted by getpwuid(3).

SEE ALSO         top

       endpwent(3), fgetpwent(3), getpwent(3), getpwnam(3), getpwuid(3),
       putpwent(3), setpwent(3), passwd(5)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 4.08 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

GNU                              2015-07-23                         GETPW(3)