ACL_SET_FILE(3)         BSD Library Functions Manual         ACL_SET_FILE(3)

NAME         top

     acl_set_file — set an ACL by filename

LIBRARY         top

     Linux Access Control Lists library (libacl, -lacl).

SYNOPSIS         top

     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/acl.h>

     acl_set_file(const char *path_p, acl_type_t type, acl_t acl);

DESCRIPTION         top

     The acl_set_file() function associates an access ACL with a file or
     directory, or associates a default ACL with a directory. The pathname
     for the file or directory is pointed to by the argument path_p.

     The effective user ID of the process must match the owner of the file
     or directory or the process must have the CAP_FOWNER capability for the
     request to succeed.

     The value of the argument type is used to indicate whether the access
     ACL or the default ACL associated with path_p is being set. If the type
     parameter is ACL_TYPE_ACCESS, the access ACL of path_p shall be set. If
     the type parameter is ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT, the default ACL of path_p shall
     be set. If the argument type specifies a type of ACL that cannot be
     associated with path_p, then the function fails.

     The acl parameter must reference a valid ACL according to the rules
     described on the acl_valid(3) manual page if the type parameter is
     ACL_TYPE_ACCESS, and must either reference a valid ACL or an ACL with
     zero ACL entries if the type parameter is ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT. If the acl
     parameter references an empty ACL, then the acl_set_file() function
     removes any default ACL associated with the directory referred to by
     the path_p parameter.

RETURN VALUE         top

     The acl_set_file() function returns the value 0 if successful; other‐
     wise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to
     indicate the error.

ERRORS         top

     If any of the following conditions occur, the acl_set_file() function
     returns -1 and sets errno to the corresponding value:

     [EACCES]           Search permission is denied for a component of the
                        path prefix or the object exists and the process
                        does not have appropriate access rights.

                        Argument type specifies a type of ACL that cannot be
                        associated with path_p.

     [EINVAL]           The argument acl does not point to a valid ACL.

                        The ACL has more entries than the file referred to
                        by path_p can obtain.

                        The type parameter is not ACL_TYPE_ACCESS or

                        The type parameter is ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT, but the file
                        referred to by path_p is not a directory.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     The length of the argument path_p is too long.

     [ENOENT]           The named object does not exist or the argument
                        path_p points to an empty string.

     [ENOSPC]           The directory or file system that would contain the
                        new ACL cannot be extended or the file system is out
                        of file allocation resources.

     [ENOTDIR]          A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     [ENOTSUP]          The file identified by path_p cannot be associated
                        with the ACL because the file system on which the
                        file is located does not support this.

     [EPERM]            The process does not have appropriate privilege to
                        perform the operation to set the ACL.

     [EROFS]            This function requires modification of a file system
                        which is currently read-only.

STANDARDS         top

     IEEE Std 1003.1e draft 17 (“POSIX.1e”, abandoned)

     The behavior of acl_set_file() when the acl parameter refers to an
     empty ACL and the type parameter is ACL_TYPE_DEFAULT is an extension in
     the Linux implementation, in order that all values returned by
     acl_get_file() can be passed to acl_set_file().  The POSIX.1e function
     for removing a default ACL is acl_delete_def_file().

SEE ALSO         top

     acl_delete_def_file(3), acl_get_file(3), acl_set_fd(3), acl_valid(3),

AUTHOR         top

     Derived from the FreeBSD manual pages written by Robert N M Watson
     <>, and adapted for Linux by Andreas Gruenbacher

COLOPHON         top

     This page is part of the acl (manipulating access control lists)
     project.  Information about the project can be found at  If you have a bug report for
     this manual page, see  This
     page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
     git:// on 2017-03-13.  If you discover
     any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe
     there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
     corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON (which
     is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

Linux ACL                      March 23, 2002                      Linux ACL