RMDIR(2)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 RMDIR(2)

NAME         top

       rmdir - delete a directory

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <unistd.h>

       int rmdir(const char *pathname);

DESCRIPTION         top

       rmdir() deletes a directory, which must be empty.

RETURN VALUE         top

       On success, zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS         top

       EACCES Write access to the directory containing pathname was not
              allowed, or one of the directories in the path prefix of
              pathname did not allow search permission.  (See also

       EBUSY  pathname is currently in use by the system or some process
              that prevents its removal.  On Linux, this means pathname is
              currently used as a mount point or is the root directory of
              the calling process.

       EFAULT pathname points outside your accessible address space.

       EINVAL pathname has .  as last component.

       ELOOP  Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving

              pathname was too long.

       ENOENT A directory component in pathname does not exist or is a
              dangling symbolic link.

       ENOMEM Insufficient kernel memory was available.

              pathname, or a component used as a directory in pathname, is
              not, in fact, a directory.

              pathname contains entries other than . and .. ; or, pathname
              has ..  as its final component.  POSIX.1 also allows EEXIST
              for this condition.

       EPERM  The directory containing pathname has the sticky bit (S_ISVTX)
              set and the process's effective user ID is neither the user ID
              of the file to be deleted nor that of the directory containing
              it, and the process is not privileged (Linux: does not have
              the CAP_FOWNER capability).

       EPERM  The filesystem containing pathname does not support the
              removal of directories.

       EROFS  pathname refers to a directory on a read-only filesystem.

CONFORMING TO         top

       POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, SVr4, 4.3BSD.

BUGS         top

       Infelicities in the protocol underlying NFS can cause the unexpected
       disappearance of directories which are still being used.

SEE ALSO         top

       rm(1), rmdir(1), chdir(2), chmod(2), mkdir(2), rename(2), unlink(2),

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of release 4.08 of the Linux man-pages project.  A
       description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest version of this page, can be found at

Linux                            2015-08-08                         RMDIR(2)