NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | COLOPHON

SYSTEMD-SOCKET-ACTIVATE(1) systemd-socket-activateSYSTEMD-SOCKET-ACTIVATE(1)

NAME         top

       systemd-socket-activate - Test socket activation of daemons

SYNOPSIS         top

       systemd-socket-activate [OPTIONS...] daemon [OPTIONS...]

DESCRIPTION         top

       systemd-socket-activate may be used to launch a socket-activated
       service binary from the command line for testing purposes. It may
       also be used to launch individual instances of the service binary per
       connection.

       The daemon to launch and its options should be specified after
       options intended for systemd-socket-activate.

       If the --inetd option is given, the socket file descriptor will be
       used as the standard input and output of the launched process.
       Otherwise, standard input and output will be inherited, and sockets
       will be passed through file descriptors 3 and higher. Sockets passed
       through $LISTEN_FDS to systemd-socket-activate will be passed through
       to the daemon, in the original positions. Other sockets specified
       with --listen= will use consecutive descriptors. By default,
       systemd-socket-activate listens on a stream socket, use --datagram
       and --seqpacket to listen on datagram or sequential packet sockets
       instead (see below).

OPTIONS         top

       -l address, --listen=address
           Listen on this address. Takes a string like "2000" or
           "127.0.0.1:2001".

       -a, --accept
           Launch an instance of the service binary for each connection and
           pass the connection socket.

       -d, --datagram
           Listen on a datagram socket (SOCK_DGRAM), instead of a stream
           socket (SOCK_STREAM). May not be combined with --seqpacket.

       --seqpacket
           Listen on a sequential packet socket (SOCK_SEQPACKET), instead of
           a stream socket (SOCK_STREAM). May not be combined with
           --datagram.

       --inetd
           Use the inetd protocol for passing file descriptors, i.e. as
           standard input and standard output, instead of the new-style
           protocol for passing file descriptors using $LISTEN_FDS (see
           above).

       -E VAR[=VALUE], --setenv=VAR[=VALUE]
           Add this variable to the environment of the launched process. If
           VAR is followed by "=", assume that it is a variable–value pair.
           Otherwise, obtain the value from the environment of
           systemd-socket-activate itself.

       --fdname=NAME[:NAME...]
           Specify names for the file descriptors passed. This is equivalent
           to setting FileDescriptorName= in socket unit files, and enables
           use of sd_listen_fds_with_names(3). Multiple entries may be
           specifies using separate options or by separating names with
           colons (":") in one option. In case more names are given than
           descriptors, superfluous ones will be ignored. In case less names
           are given than descriptors, the remaining file descriptors will
           be unnamed.

       -h, --help
           Print a short help text and exit.

       --version
           Print a short version string and exit.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES         top

       $LISTEN_FDS, $LISTEN_PID, $LISTEN_FDNAMES
           See sd_listen_fds(3).

       $SYSTEMD_LOG_TARGET, $SYSTEMD_LOG_LEVEL, $SYSTEMD_LOG_COLOR,
       $SYSTEMD_LOG_LOCATION
           Same as in systemd(1).

EXAMPLES         top

       Example 1. Run an echo server on port 2000

           $ systemd-socket-activate -l 2000 --inetd -a cat

       Example 2. Run a socket-activated instance of systemd-journal-
       gatewayd(8)

           $ systemd-socket-activate -l 19531 /usr/lib/systemd/systemd-journal-gatewayd

SEE ALSO         top

       systemd(1), systemd.socket(5), systemd.service(5), sd_listen_fds(3),
       sd_listen_fds_with_names(3), cat(1)

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service manager)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd⟩.  If you have a bug
       report for this manual page, see 
       ⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd/#bugreports⟩.  This
       page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository 
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       to man-pages@man7.org

systemd 234                                       SYSTEMD-SOCKET-ACTIVATE(1)

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