QHOLD(1P)                 POSIX Programmer's Manual                QHOLD(1P)

PROLOG         top

       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the
       corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or
       the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME         top

       qhold — hold batch jobs

SYNOPSIS         top

       qhold [−h hold_list] job_identifier...

DESCRIPTION         top

       A hold is placed on a batch job by a request to the batch server that
       manages the batch job. A batch job that has one or more holds is not
       eligible for execution. The qhold utility is a user-accessible client
       of batch services that requests one or more types of hold to be
       placed on one or more batch jobs.

       The qhold utility shall place holds on those batch jobs for which a
       batch job_identifier is presented to the utility.

       The qhold utility shall place holds on batch jobs in the order in
       which their batch job_identifiers are presented to the utility. If
       the qhold utility fails to process any batch job_identifier
       successfully, the utility shall proceed to process the remaining
       batch job_identifiers, if any.

       The qhold utility shall place holds on each batch job by sending a
       Hold Job Request to the batch server that manages the batch job.

       The qhold utility shall not exit until holds have been placed on the
       batch job corresponding to each successfully processed batch

OPTIONS         top

       The qhold utility shall conform to the Base Definitions volume of
       POSIX.1‐2008, Section 12.2, Utility Syntax Guidelines.

       The following option shall be supported by the implementation:

       −h hold_list
                 Define the types of holds to be placed on the batch job.

                 The qhold −h option shall accept a value for the hold_list
                 option-argument that is a string of alphanumeric characters
                 in the portable character set (see the Base Definitions
                 volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 6.1, Portable Character

                 The qhold utility shall accept a value for the hold_list
                 option-argument that is a string of one or more of the
                 characters 'u', 's', or 'o', or the single character 'n'.

                 For each unique character in the hold_list option-argument,
                 the qhold utility shall add a value to the Hold_Types
                 attribute of the batch job as follows, each representing a
                 different hold type:

                 u     USER

                 s     SYSTEM

                 o     OPERATOR

                 If any of these characters are duplicated in the hold_list
                 option-argument, the duplicates shall be ignored.

                 An existing Hold_Types attribute can be cleared by the
                 following hold type:

                 n     NO_HOLD

                 The qhold utility shall consider it an error if any hold
                 type other than 'n' is combined with hold type 'n'.

                 Strictly conforming applications shall not repeat any of
                 the characters 'u', 's', 'o', or 'n' within the hold_list
                 option-argument. The qhold utility shall permit the
                 repetition of characters, but shall not assign additional
                 meaning to the repeated characters.

                 An implementation may define other hold types. The
                 conformance document for an implementation shall describe
                 any additional hold types, how they are specified, their
                 internal behavior, and how they affect the behavior of the

                 If the −h option is not presented to the qhold utility, the
                 implementation shall set the Hold_Types attribute to USER.

OPERANDS         top

       The qhold utility shall accept one or more operands that conform to
       the syntax for a batch job_identifier (see Section 3.3.1, Batch Job

STDIN         top

       Not used.

INPUT FILES         top



       The following environment variables shall affect the execution of

       LANG      Provide a default value for the internationalization
                 variables that are unset or null. (See the Base Definitions
                 volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 8.2, Internationalization
                 Variables the precedence of internationalization variables
                 used to determine the values of locale categories.)

       LC_ALL    If set to a non-empty string value, override the values of
                 all the other internationalization variables.

       LC_CTYPE  Determine the locale for the interpretation of sequences of
                 bytes of text data as characters (for example, single-byte
                 as opposed to multi-byte characters in arguments).

                 Determine the locale that should be used to affect the
                 format and contents of diagnostic messages written to
                 standard error.

       LOGNAME   Determine the login name of the user.



STDOUT         top


STDERR         top

       The standard error shall be used only for diagnostic messages.

OUTPUT FILES         top




EXIT STATUS         top

       The following exit values shall be returned:

        0    Successful completion.

       >0    An error occurred.


       In addition to the default behavior, the qhold utility shall not be
       required to write a diagnostic message to standard error when the
       error reply received from a batch server indicates that the batch
       job_identifier does not exist on the server. Whether or not the qhold
       utility waits to output the diagnostic message while attempting to
       locate the job on other servers is implementation-defined.

       The following sections are informative.



EXAMPLES         top


RATIONALE         top

       The qhold utility allows users to place a hold on one or more jobs. A
       hold makes a batch job ineligible for execution.

       The qhold utility has options that allow the user to specify the type
       of hold.  Should the user wish to place a hold on a set of jobs that
       meet a selection criteria, such a list of jobs can be acquired using
       the qselect utility.

       The −h option allows the user to specify the type of hold that is to
       be placed on the job. This option allows for USER, SYSTEM, OPERATOR,
       and implementation-defined hold types. The USER and OPERATOR holds
       are distinct. The batch server that manages the batch job will verify
       that the user is authorized to set the specified hold for the batch

       Mail is not required on hold because the administrator has the tools
       and libraries to build this option if he or she wishes.

       Historically, the qhold utility has been a part of some existing
       batch systems, although it has not traditionally been a part of the


       The qhold utility may be removed in a future version.

SEE ALSO         top

       Chapter 3, Batch Environment Services, qselect(1p)

       The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 6.1, Portable
       Character Set, Chapter 8, Environment Variables, Section 12.2,
       Utility Syntax Guidelines

COPYRIGHT         top

       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information
       Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open
       Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the
       Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open
       Group.  (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1
       applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and
       the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and
       The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original
       Standard can be obtained online at .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are
       most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the
       source files to man page format. To report such errors, see .

IEEE/The Open Group                 2013                           QHOLD(1P)

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