PR(1)                           User Commands                          PR(1)

NAME         top

       pr - convert text files for printing

SYNOPSIS         top

       pr [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION         top

       Paginate or columnate FILE(s) for printing.

       With no FILE, or when FILE is -, read standard input.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options

              begin [stop] printing with page FIRST_[LAST_]PAGE

       -COLUMN, --columns=COLUMN
              output COLUMN columns and print columns down, unless -a is
              used. Balance number of lines in the columns on each page

       -a, --across
              print columns across rather than down, used together with

       -c, --show-control-chars
              use hat notation (^G) and octal backslash notation

       -d, --double-space
              double space the output

       -D, --date-format=FORMAT
              use FORMAT for the header date

       -e[CHAR[WIDTH]], --expand-tabs[=CHAR[WIDTH]]
              expand input CHARs (TABs) to tab WIDTH (8)

       -F, -f, --form-feed
              use form feeds instead of newlines to separate pages (by a
              3-line page header with -F or a 5-line header and trailer
              without -F)

       -h, --header=HEADER
              use a centered HEADER instead of filename in page header, -h
              "" prints a blank line, don't use -h""

       -i[CHAR[WIDTH]], --output-tabs[=CHAR[WIDTH]]
              replace spaces with CHARs (TABs) to tab WIDTH (8)

       -J, --join-lines
              merge full lines, turns off -W line truncation, no column
              alignment, --sep-string[=STRING] sets separators

       -l, --length=PAGE_LENGTH
              set the page length to PAGE_LENGTH (66) lines (default number
              of lines of text 56, and with -F 63).  implies -t if
              PAGE_LENGTH <= 10

       -m, --merge
              print all files in parallel, one in each column, truncate
              lines, but join lines of full length with -J

       -n[SEP[DIGITS]], --number-lines[=SEP[DIGITS]]
              number lines, use DIGITS (5) digits, then SEP (TAB), default
              counting starts with 1st line of input file

       -N, --first-line-number=NUMBER
              start counting with NUMBER at 1st line of first page printed
              (see +FIRST_PAGE)

       -o, --indent=MARGIN
              offset each line with MARGIN (zero) spaces, do not affect -w
              or -W, MARGIN will be added to PAGE_WIDTH

       -r, --no-file-warnings
              omit warning when a file cannot be opened

       -s[CHAR], --separator[=CHAR]
              separate columns by a single character, default for CHAR is
              the <TAB> character without -w and 'no char' with -w.
              -s[CHAR] turns off line truncation of all 3 column options
              (-COLUMN|-a -COLUMN|-m) except -w is set

       -S[STRING], --sep-string[=STRING]
              separate columns by STRING, without -S: Default separator
              <TAB> with -J and <space> otherwise (same as -S" "), no effect
              on column options

       -t, --omit-header
              omit page headers and trailers; implied if PAGE_LENGTH <= 10

       -T, --omit-pagination
              omit page headers and trailers, eliminate any pagination by
              form feeds set in input files

       -v, --show-nonprinting
              use octal backslash notation

       -w, --width=PAGE_WIDTH
              set page width to PAGE_WIDTH (72) characters for multiple
              text-column output only, -s[char] turns off (72)

       -W, --page-width=PAGE_WIDTH
              set page width to PAGE_WIDTH (72) characters always, truncate
              lines, except -J option is set, no interference with -S or -s

       --help display this help and exit

              output version information and exit

AUTHOR         top

       Written by Pete TerMaat and Roland Huebner.

REPORTING BUGS         top

       GNU coreutils online help: <>
       Report pr translation bugs to <>

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU
       GPL version 3 or later <>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
       There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO         top

       Full documentation at: <>
       or available locally via: info '(coreutils) pr invocation'

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the coreutils (basic file, shell and text
       manipulation utilities) project.  Information about the project can
       be found at ⟨⟩.  If you have a
       bug report for this manual page, see
       ⟨⟩.  This page was obtained
       from the tarball coreutils-8.30.tar.xz fetched from
       ⟨⟩ on 2018-10-29.  If you discover
       any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
       believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or
       you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
       COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail

GNU coreutils 8.30                July 2018                            PR(1)

Pages that refer to this page: write(1)