NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | OPTIONS | NOTES | EXAMPLES | SEE ALSO | COPYRIGHT | COLOPHON

lpr(1)                           Apple Inc.                           lpr(1)

NAME         top

       lpr - print files

SYNOPSIS         top

       lpr [ -E ] [ -H server[:port] ] [ -U username ] [ -P
       destination[/instance] ] [ -# num-copies [ -h ] [ -l ] [ -m ] [ -o
       option[=value] ] [ -p ] [ -q ] [ -r ] [ -C title ] [ -J title ] [ -T
       title ] [ file(s) ]

DESCRIPTION         top

       lpr submits files for printing.  Files named on the command line are
       sent to the named printer or the default destination if no
       destination is specified.  If no files are listed on the command-
       line, lpr reads the print file from the standard input.

   THE DEFAULT DESTINATION
       CUPS provides many ways to set the default destination. The LPDEST
       and PRINTER environment variables are consulted first.  If neither
       are set, the current default set using the lpoptions(1) command is
       used, followed by the default set using the lpadmin(8) command.

OPTIONS         top

       The following options are recognized by lpr:

       -E   Forces encryption when connecting to the server.

       -H server[:port]
            Specifies an alternate server.

       -C "name"

       -J "name"

       -T "name"
            Sets the job name/title.

       -P destination[/instance]
            Prints files to the named printer.

       -U username
            Specifies an alternate username.

       -# copies
            Sets the number of copies to print.

       -h   Disables banner printing. This option is equivalent to -o
            job-sheets=none.

       -l   Specifies that the print file is already formatted for the
            destination and should be sent without filtering.  This option
            is equivalent to -o raw.

       -m   Send an email on job completion.

       -o option[=value]
            Sets a job option.  See "COMMON JOB OPTIONS" below.

       -p   Specifies that the print file should be formatted with a shaded
            header with the date, time, job name, and page number.  This
            option is equivalent to -o prettyprint and is only useful when
            printing text files.

       -q   Hold job for printing.

       -r   Specifies that the named print files should be deleted after
            submitting them.

   COMMON JOB OPTIONS
       Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1)
       command, the following generic options are available:

       -o collate=true
            Prints collated copies.

       -o fit-to-page
            Scales the print file to fit on the page.

       -o job-hold-until=when
            Holds the job until the specified local time.  "when" can be
            "indefinite" to hold the until released, "day-time" to print the
            job between 6am and 6pm local time, "night" to print the job
            between 6pm and 6am local time, "second-shift" to print the job
            between 4pm and 12am local time, "third-shift" to print the job
            between 12am and 8am local time, or "weekend" to print the job
            on Saturday or Sunday.

       -o job-hold-until=hh:mm
            Holds the job until the specified time in hours and minutes UTC.

       -o job-priority=priority
            Set the priority to a value from 1 (lowest) to 100 (highest),
            which influences when a job is scheduled for printing.  The
            default priority is typically 50.

       -o job-sheets=name
            Prints a cover page (banner) with the document.  The "name" can
            be "classified", "confidential", "secret", "standard",
            "topsecret", or "unclassified".

       -o job-sheets=start-name,end-name
            Prints cover pages (banners) with the document.

       -o media=size
            Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least the
            size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".

       -o mirror
            Mirrors each page.

       -o number-up={2|4|6|9|16}
            Prints 2, 4, 6, 9, or 16 document (input) pages on each output
            page.

       -o number-up-layout=layout
            Specifies the layout of pages with the "number-up" option.  The
            "layout" string can be "btlr", "btrl", "lrbt", "lrtb", "rlbt",
            "rltb", "tblr", or "tbrl" - the first two letters determine the
            column order while the second two letters determine the row
            order.  "bt" is bottom-to-top, "lr" is left-to-right, "rl" is
            right-to-left, and "tb" is top-to-bottom.

       -o orientation-requested=4
            Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees counter-
            clockwise).

       -o orientation-requested=5
            Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees clockwise).

       -o orientation-requested=6
            Prints the job in reverse portrait (rotated 180 degrees).

       -o outputorder=reverse
            Prints pages in reverse order.

       -o page-border=border
            Prints a border around each document page.  "border" is
            "double", "double-thick", "single", or "single-thick".

       -o page-ranges=page-list
            Specifies which pages to print in the document.  The list can
            contain a list of numbers and ranges (#-#) separated by commas,
            e.g., "1,3-5,16".  The page numbers refer to the output pages
            and not the document's original pages - options like "number-up"
            can affect the numbering of the pages.

       -o sides=one-sided
            Prints on one side of the paper.

       -o sides=two-sided-long-edge
            Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.

       -o sides=two-sided-short-edge
            Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.

NOTES         top

       The -c, -d, -f, -g, -i, -n, -t, -v, and -w options are not supported
       by CUPS and produce a warning message if used.

EXAMPLES         top

       Print two copies of a document to the default printer:

           lpr -# 2 filename

       Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":

           lpr -P foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename

       Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "foo":

           lpr -P foo -o number-up=2 filename

SEE ALSO         top

       cancel(1), lp(1), lpadmin(8), lpoptions(1), lpq(1), lprm(1),
       lpstat(1), CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help)

COPYRIGHT         top

       Copyright © 2007-2017 by Apple Inc.

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the CUPS (a standards-based, open source
       printing system) project.  Information about the project can be found
       at ⟨http://www.cups.org/⟩.  If you have a bug report for this manual
       page, see ⟨http://www.cups.org/⟩.  This page was obtained from the
       project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/apple/cups⟩ on
       2017-03-13.  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
       sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
       source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
       information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
       ual page), send a mail to man-pages@man7.org

2 May 2016                          CUPS                              lpr(1)