lpr submits files for printing. Files named on the command line are
sent to the named printer or the default destination if no
destination is specified. If no files are listed on the command-
line, lpr reads the print file from the standard input.
THE DEFAULT DESTINATION
CUPS provides many ways to set the default destination. The LPDEST
and PRINTER environment variables are consulted first. If neither
are set, the current default set using the lpoptions(1) command is
used, followed by the default set using the lpadmin(8) command.
The following options are recognized by lpr:
-E Forces encryption when connecting to the server.
Specifies an alternate server.
-C "name"-J "name"-T "name"
Sets the job name/title.
Prints files to the named printer.
Specifies an alternate username.
Sets the number of copies to print.
-h Disables banner printing. This option is equivalent to -ojob-sheets=none.
-l Specifies that the print file is already formatted for the
destination and should be sent without filtering. This option
is equivalent to -o raw.
-m Send an email on job completion.
Sets a job option. See "COMMON JOB OPTIONS" below.
-p Specifies that the print file should be formatted with a shaded
header with the date, time, job name, and page number. This
option is equivalent to -o prettyprint and is only useful when
printing text files.
-q Hold job for printing.
-r Specifies that the named print files should be deleted after
COMMON JOB OPTIONS
Aside from the printer-specific options reported by the lpoptions(1)
command, the following generic options are available:
Prints collated copies.
Scales the print file to fit on the page.
Holds the job until the specified local time. "when" can be
"indefinite" to hold the until released, "day-time" to print the
job between 6am and 6pm local time, "night" to print the job
between 6pm and 6am local time, "second-shift" to print the job
between 4pm and 12am local time, "third-shift" to print the job
between 12am and 8am local time, or "weekend" to print the job
on Saturday or Sunday.
Holds the job until the specified time in hours and minutes UTC.
Set the priority to a value from 1 (lowest) to 100 (highest),
which influences when a job is scheduled for printing. The
default priority is typically 50.
Prints a cover page (banner) with the document. The "name" can
be "classified", "confidential", "secret", "standard",
"topsecret", or "unclassified".
Prints cover pages (banners) with the document.
Sets the page size to size. Most printers support at least the
size names "a4", "letter", and "legal".
Mirrors each page.
Prints 2, 4, 6, 9, or 16 document (input) pages on each output
Specifies the layout of pages with the "number-up" option. The
"layout" string can be "btlr", "btrl", "lrbt", "lrtb", "rlbt",
"rltb", "tblr", or "tbrl" - the first two letters determine the
column order while the second two letters determine the row
order. "bt" is bottom-to-top, "lr" is left-to-right, "rl" is
right-to-left, and "tb" is top-to-bottom.
Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees counter-
Prints the job in landscape (rotated 90 degrees clockwise).
Prints the job in reverse portrait (rotated 180 degrees).
Prints pages in reverse order.
Prints a border around each document page. "border" is
"double", "double-thick", "single", or "single-thick".
Specifies which pages to print in the document. The list can
contain a list of numbers and ranges (#-#) separated by commas,
e.g., "1,3-5,16". The page numbers refer to the output pages
and not the document's original pages - options like "number-up"
can affect the numbering of the pages.
Prints on one side of the paper.
Prints on both sides of the paper for portrait output.
Prints on both sides of the paper for landscape output.
Print two copies of a document to the default printer:
lpr -# 2 filename
Print a double-sided legal document to a printer called "foo":
lpr -P foo -o media=legal -o sides=two-sided-long-edge filename
Print a presentation document 2-up to a printer called "foo":
lpr -P foo -o number-up=2 filename
This page is part of the CUPS (a standards-based, open source
printing system) project. Information about the project can be found
at ⟨http://www.cups.org/⟩. If you have a bug report for this manual
page, see ⟨http://www.cups.org/⟩. This page was obtained from the
project's upstream Git repository ⟨https://github.com/apple/cups⟩ on
2017-03-13. If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML ver‐
sion of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date
source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the
information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original man‐
ual page), send a mail to email@example.com
2 May 2016 CUPS lpr(1)