localectl may be used to query and change the system locale and
keyboard layout settings. It communicates with systemd-localed(8) to
modify files such as /etc/locale.conf and /etc/vconsole.conf.
The system locale controls the language settings of system services
and of the UI before the user logs in, such as the display manager,
as well as the default for users after login.
The keyboard settings control the keyboard layout used on the text
console and of the graphical UI before the user logs in, such as the
display manager, as well as the default for users after login.
Note that the changes performed using this tool might require the
initramfs to be rebuilt to take effect during early system boot. The
initramfs is not rebuilt automatically by localectl.
Note that systemd-firstboot(1) may be used to initialize the system
locale for mounted (but not booted) system images.
The following options are understood:
Do not query the user for authentication for privileged
If set-keymap or set-x11-keymap is invoked and this option is
passed, then the keymap will not be converted from the console to
X11, or X11 to console, respectively.
Execute the operation remotely. Specify a hostname, or a username
and hostname separated by "@", to connect to. The hostname may
optionally be suffixed by a container name, separated by ":",
which connects directly to a specific container on the specified
host. This will use SSH to talk to the remote machine manager
instance. Container names may be enumerated with machinectl -HHOST.
Print a short help text and exit.
Print a short version string and exit.
Do not pipe output into a pager.
The following commands are understood:
Show current settings of the system locale and keyboard mapping.
Set the system locale. This takes one or more assignments such as
"LANG=de_DE.utf8", "LC_MESSAGES=en_GB.utf8", and so on. See
locale(7) for details on the available settings and their
meanings. Use list-locales for a list of available locales (see
List available locales useful for configuration with set-locale.
set-keymap MAP [TOGGLEMAP]
Set the system keyboard mapping for the console and X11. This
takes a mapping name (such as "de" or "us"), and possibly a
second one to define a toggle keyboard mapping. Unless
--no-convert is passed, the selected setting is also applied as
the default system keyboard mapping of X11, after converting it
to the closest matching X11 keyboard mapping. Use list-keymaps
for a list of available keyboard mappings (see below).
List available keyboard mappings for the console, useful for
configuration with set-keymap.
set-x11-keymap LAYOUT [MODEL [VARIANT [OPTIONS]]]
Set the system default keyboard mapping for X11 and the virtual
console. This takes a keyboard mapping name (such as "de" or
"us"), and possibly a model, variant, and options, see kbd(4) for
details. Unless --no-convert is passed, the selected setting is
also applied as the system console keyboard mapping, after
converting it to the closest matching console keyboard mapping.
list-x11-keymap-variants [LAYOUT], list-x11-keymap-options
List available X11 keymap models, layouts, variants and options,
useful for configuration with set-keymap. The command
list-x11-keymap-variants optionally takes a layout parameter to
limit the output to the variants suitable for the specific
Pager to use when --no-pager is not given; overrides $PAGER. If
neither $SYSTEMD_PAGER nor $PAGER are set, a set of well-known
pager implementations are tried in turn, including less(1) and
more(1), until one is found. If no pager implementation is
discovered no pager is invoked. Setting this environment variable
to an empty string or the value "cat" is equivalent to passing
Override the options passed to less (by default "FRSXMK").
Override the charset passed to less (by default "utf-8", if the
invoking terminal is determined to be UTF-8 compatible).
This page is part of the systemd (systemd system and service manager)
project. Information about the project can be found at
⟨http://www.freedesktop.org/wiki/Software/systemd⟩. If you have a bug
report for this manual page, see
page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨https://github.com/systemd/systemd.git⟩ on 2017-03-13. If you dis‐
cover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or
you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
systemd 233 LOCALECTL(1)