KBD_MODE(1)                General Commands Manual               KBD_MODE(1)

NAME         top

       kbd_mode - report or set the keyboard mode

SYNOPSIS         top

       kbd_mode [ -a | -u | -k | -s ] [ -C CONSOLE ]

DESCRIPTION         top

       Without argument, kbd_mode prints the current keyboard mode (RAW,
       MEDIUMRAW or XLATE).  With argument, it sets the keyboard mode as

       -s: scancode mode (RAW),

       -k: keycode mode (MEDIUMRAW),

       -a: ASCII mode (XLATE),

       -u: UTF-8 mode (UNICODE).

       Of course the "-a" is only traditional, and the code used can be any
       8-bit character set.  With "-u" a 16-bit character set is expected,
       and these chars are transmitted to the kernel as 1, 2, or 3 bytes
       (following the UTF-8 coding).  In these latter two modes the key
       mapping defined by loadkeys(1) is used.

       kbd_mode operates on the console specified by the "-C" option; if
       there is none, the console associated with stdin is used.

       Warning: changing the keyboard mode, other than between ASCII and
       Unicode, will probably make your keyboard unusable.  This command is
       only meant for use (say via remote login) when some program left your
       keyboard in the wrong state.  Note that in some obsolete versions of
       this program the "-u" option was a synonym for "-s".

SEE ALSO         top


COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the kbd (Linux keyboard tools) project.
       Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you have a bug report for this man‐
       ual page, send it to  This page was obtained
       from the project's upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on 2018-04-30.  (At that time,
       the date of the most recent commit that was found in the repository
       was 2018-04-25.)  If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML
       version of the page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-
       date source for the page, or you have corrections or improvements to
       the information in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original
       manual page), send a mail to

                                 6 Apr 1994                      KBD_MODE(1)

Pages that refer to this page: loadkeys(1)unicode_start(1)unicode_stop(1)ioctl_console(2)