dpkg-divert is the utility used to set up and update the list of
File diversions are a way of forcing dpkg(1) not to install a file
into its location, but to a diverted location. Diversions can be used
through the Debian package scripts to move a file away when it causes
a conflict. System administrators can also use it to override some
package's configuration file, or whenever some files (which aren't
marked as “conffiles”) need to be preserved by dpkg, when installing
a newer version of a package which contains those files.
Add a diversion for file.
Remove a diversion for file.
List diversions matching glob-pattern.
Print the name of the package that diverts file (since dpkg
1.15.0). Prints LOCAL if file is locally diverted and nothing
if file is not diverted.
Print the real name for a diverted file.
Set the dpkg data directory to directory (default:
--divert divert-todivert-to is the location where the versions of file, as
provided by other packages, will be diverted.
Specifies that all packages' versions of this file are
diverted. This means, that there are no exceptions, and
whatever package is installed, the file is diverted. This can
be used by an admin to install a locally modified version.
--package packagepackage is the name of a package whose copy of file will not
be diverted. i.e. file will be diverted for all packages
Quiet mode, i.e. no verbose output.
Actually move the file aside (or back). dpkg-divert will abort
operation in case the destination file already exists.
--test Test mode, i.e. don't actually perform any changes, just
Show the usage message and exit.
Show the version and exit.
0 The requested action was successfully performed.
2 Fatal or unrecoverable error due to invalid command-line
usage, or interactions with the system, such as accesses to
the database, memory allocations, etc.
If set and the --admindir option has not been specified, it
will be used as the dpkg data directory.
If set and the --local and --package options have not been
specified, dpkg-divert will use it as the package name.
File which contains the current list of diversions of the
system. It is located in the dpkg administration directory,
along with other files important to dpkg, such as status or
Note: dpkg-divert preserves the old copy of this file, with
extension -old, before replacing it with the new one.
When adding, default is --local and --divert original.distrib. When
removing, --package or --local and --divert must match if specified.
Directories can't be diverted with dpkg-divert.
Care should be taken when diverting shared libraries, ldconfig(8)
creates a symbolic link based on the DT_SONAME field embedded in the
library. Because ldconfig doesn't honour diverts (only dpkg does),
the symlink may end up pointing at the diverted library, if a
diverted library has the same SONAME as the undiverted one.
To divert all copies of a /usr/bin/example to /usr/bin/example.foo,
i.e. directs all packages providing /usr/bin/example to install it as
/usr/bin/example.foo, performing the rename if required:
dpkg-divert --divert /usr/bin/example.foo --rename /usr/bin/example
To remove that diversion:
dpkg-divert --rename --remove /usr/bin/example
To divert any package trying to install /usr/bin/example to
/usr/bin/example.foo, except your own wibble package:
dpkg-divert --package wibble --divert /usr/bin/example.foo --rename
To remove that diversion:
dpkg-divert --package wibble --rename --remove /usr/bin/example
This page is part of the dpkg (Debian Package Manager) project.
Information about the project can be found at
⟨https://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Dpkg/⟩. If you have a bug report for
this manual page, see
⟨http://bugs.debian.org/cgi-bin/pkgreport.cgi?src=dpkg⟩. This page
was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨git://git.debian.org/git/dpkg/dpkg.git⟩ on 2017-04-25. If you dis‐
cover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or
you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
1.18.15-3-ga2ef 1970-01-01 dpkg-divert(1)