DH_INSTALLINIT(1)                 Debhelper                DH_INSTALLINIT(1)

NAME         top

       dh_installinit - install service init files into package build

SYNOPSIS         top

       dh_installinit [debhelper options] [--name=name] [-n] [-R] [-r] [-d]
       [-- params]

DESCRIPTION         top

       dh_installinit is a debhelper program that is responsible for
       installing init scripts with associated defaults files.  In
       compatibility levels up to 11, dh_installinit also handled upstart
       job files and systemd service files.

       It also automatically generates the postinst and postrm and prerm
       commands needed to set up the symlinks in /etc/rc*.d/ to start and
       stop the init scripts.

       In compat 10 or earlier: If a package only ships a systemd service
       file and no sysvinit script is provided, you may want to exclude the
       call to dh_installinit for that package (e.g. via -N).  Otherwise,
       you may get warnings from lintian about init.d scripts not being
       included in the package.

FILES         top

           If this exists, it is installed into etc/init.d/package in the
           package build directory.

           If this exists, it is installed into etc/default/package in the
           package build directory.

           In compatibility level 11, this file will trigger an error with a
           reminder about ensuring the proper removal of the upstart file in
           the previous package version.  Please consider using the
           "rm_conffile" feature from dh_installdeb(1) to ensure the proper
           removal of previous upstart files.

           In compatibility level 10, if this file exists, it is installed
           into etc/init/package.conf in the package build directory.

           If this exists, it is installed into
           lib/systemd/system/package.service in the package build
           directory. Only used in compat levels 10 and below.

           If this exists, it is installed into
           usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/package.conf in the package build directory.
           (The tmpfiles.d mechanism is currently only used by systemd.)
           Only used in compat levels 10 and below.

OPTIONS         top

       -n, --no-scripts
           Do not modify postinst/postrm/prerm scripts.

       -o, --only-scripts
           Only modify postinst/postrm/prerm scripts, do not actually
           install any init script, default files, upstart job or systemd
           service file. May be useful if the file is shipped and/or
           installed by upstream in a way that doesn't make it easy to let
           dh_installinit find it.

           Caveat: This will bypass all the regular checks and
           unconditionally modify the scripts.  You will almost certainly
           want to use this with -p to limit, which packages are affected by
           the call.  Example:

                   dh_installinit -pfoo --only-scripts
                   dh_installinit --remaining

       -R, --restart-after-upgrade
           Do not stop the init script until after the package upgrade has
           been completed.  This is the default behaviour in compat 10.

           In early compat levels, the default was to stop the script in the
           prerm, and starts it again in the postinst.

           This can be useful for daemons that should not have a possibly
           long downtime during upgrade. But you should make sure that the
           daemon will not get confused by the package being upgraded while
           it's running before using this option.

           Undo a previous --restart-after-upgrade (or the default of compat
           10).  If no other options are given, this will cause the service
           to be stopped in the prerm script and started again in the
           postinst script.

       -r, --no-stop-on-upgrade, --no-restart-on-upgrade
           Do not stop init script on upgrade.  This has the side-effect of
           not restarting the service as a part of the upgrade.

           If you want to restart the service with minimal downtime, please
           use --restart-after-upgrade (default in compat 10 or later).  If
           you want the service to be restarted but be stopped during the
           upgrade, then please use --no-restart-after-upgrade (note the

           Note that the --no-restart-on-upgrade alias is deprecated and
           will be removed in compat 12.  This is to avoid confusion with
           the --no-restart-after-upgrade option.  The --no-stop-on-upgrade
           variant was introduced in debhelper 10.2 (included in Debian

           Do not start the init script on install or upgrade, or stop it on
           removal.  Only call update-rc.d. Useful for rcS scripts.

       -d, --remove-d
           Remove trailing d from the name of the package, and use the
           result for the filename the upstart job file is installed as in
           etc/init/ , and for the filename the init script is installed as
           in etc/init.d and the default file is installed as in
           etc/default/. This may be useful for daemons with names ending in
           d. (Note: this takes precedence over the --init-script parameter
           described below.)

       -uparams --update-rcd-params=params
       -- params
           Pass params to update-rc.d(8). If not specified, defaults will be
           passed to update-rc.d(8).

           Install the init script (and default file) as well as upstart job
           file using the filename name instead of the default filename,
           which is the package name. When this parameter is used,
           dh_installinit looks for and installs files named
           debian/, debian/ and
           debian/ instead of the usual
           debian/package.init, debian/package.default and

           Use scriptname as the filename the init script is installed as in
           etc/init.d/ (and also use it as the filename for the defaults
           file, if it is installed). If you use this parameter,
           dh_installinit will look to see if a file in the debian/
           directory exists that looks like package.scriptname and if so
           will install it as the init script in preference to the files it
           normally installs.

           This parameter is deprecated, use the --name parameter instead.
           This parameter is incompatible with the use of upstart jobs.

           Call the named shell function if running the init script fails.
           The function should be provided in the prerm and postinst
           scripts, before the #DEBHELPER# token.

NOTES         top

       Note that this command is not idempotent. dh_prep(1) should be called
       between invocations of this command. Otherwise, it may cause multiple
       instances of the same text to be added to maintainer scripts.

SEE ALSO         top


       This program is a part of debhelper.

AUTHORS         top

       Joey Hess <>

       Steve Langasek <>

       Michael Stapelberg <>

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the debhelper (helper programs for debian/rules)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       ⟨⟩.  If you
       have a bug report for this manual page, send it to  This page was obtained from the project's
       upstream Git repository
       ⟨⟩ on
       2017-11-25.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit that
       was found in the repository was 2017-11-19.)  If you discover any
       rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you believe
       there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page, or you have
       corrections or improvements to the information in this COLOPHON
       (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail to

10.10.9                          2017-11-23                DH_INSTALLINIT(1)