The chage command changes the number of days between password changes
and the date of the last password change. This information is used by
the system to determine when a user must change his/her password.
The options which apply to the chage command are:
-d, --lastday LAST_DAY
Set the number of days since January 1st, 1970 when the password
was last changed. The date may also be expressed in the format
YYYY-MM-DD (or the format more commonly used in your area).
-E, --expiredate EXPIRE_DATE
Set the date or number of days since January 1, 1970 on which the
user's account will no longer be accessible. The date may also be
expressed in the format YYYY-MM-DD (or the format more commonly
used in your area). A user whose account is locked must contact
the system administrator before being able to use the system
Passing the number -1 as the EXPIRE_DATE will remove an account
Display help message and exit.
-I, --inactive INACTIVE
Set the number of days of inactivity after a password has expired
before the account is locked. The INACTIVE option is the number
of days of inactivity. A user whose account is locked must
contact the system administrator before being able to use the
Passing the number -1 as the INACTIVE will remove an account's
Show account aging information.
-m, --mindays MIN_DAYS
Set the minimum number of days between password changes to
MIN_DAYS. A value of zero for this field indicates that the user
may change his/her password at any time.
-M, --maxdays MAX_DAYS
Set the maximum number of days during which a password is valid.
When MAX_DAYS plus LAST_DAY is less than the current day, the
user will be required to change his/her password before being
able to use his/her account. This occurrence can be planned for
in advance by use of the -W option, which provides the user with
Passing the number -1 as MAX_DAYS will remove checking a
-R, --root CHROOT_DIR
Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the
configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.
-W, --warndays WARN_DAYS
Set the number of days of warning before a password change is
required. The WARN_DAYS option is the number of days prior to the
password expiring that a user will be warned his/her password is
about to expire.
If none of the options are selected, chage operates in an interactive
fashion, prompting the user with the current values for all of the
fields. Enter the new value to change the field, or leave the line
blank to use the current value. The current value is displayed
between a pair of [ ] marks.
The chage program requires a shadow password file to be available.
The chage command is restricted to the root user, except for the -l
option, which may be used by an unprivileged user to determine when
his/her password or account is due to expire.
This page is part of the shadow-utils (utilities for managing
accounts and shadow password files) project. Information about the
project can be found at ⟨http://pkg-shadow.alioth.debian.org/⟩. If
you have a bug report for this manual page, see
⟨http://pkg-shadow.alioth.debian.org/getinvolved.php⟩. This page was
obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨git://anonscm.debian.org/git/pkg-shadow/shadow.git⟩ on 2017-03-13.
If you discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the
page, or you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for
the page, or you have corrections or improvements to the information
in this COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page),
send a mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
shadow-utils 4.4 02/18/2017 CHAGE(1)