PROLOG | NAME | SYNOPSIS | DESCRIPTION | APPLICATION USAGE | RATIONALE | FUTURE DIRECTIONS | SEE ALSO | COPYRIGHT

termios.h(0P)             POSIX Programmer's Manual            termios.h(0P)

PROLOG         top

       This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual.  The Linux
       implementation of this interface may differ (consult the
       corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or
       the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

NAME         top

       termios.h — define values for termios

SYNOPSIS         top

       #include <termios.h>

DESCRIPTION         top

       The <termios.h> header shall contain the definitions used by the
       terminal I/O interfaces (see Chapter 11, General Terminal Interface
       for the structures and names defined).

   The termios Structure
       The <termios.h> header shall define the following data types through
       typedef:

       cc_t        Used for terminal special characters.

       speed_t     Used for terminal baud rates.

       tcflag_t    Used for terminal modes.

       The above types shall be all unsigned integer types.

       The implementation shall support one or more programming environments
       in which the widths of cc_t, speed_t, and tcflag_t are no greater
       than the width of type long.  The names of these programming
       environments can be obtained using the confstr() function or the
       getconf utility.

       The <termios.h> header shall define the termios structure, which
       shall include at least the following members:

           tcflag_t  c_iflag     Input modes.
           tcflag_t  c_oflag     Output modes.
           tcflag_t  c_cflag     Control modes.
           tcflag_t  c_lflag     Local modes.
           cc_t      c_cc[NCCS]  Control characters.

       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constant:

       NCCS        Size of the array c_cc for control characters.

       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use as subscripts for the array c_cc:

             ┌────────────────────────────────────┬──────────────────┐
             │          Subscript Usage           │                  │
             │Canonical Mode   Non-Canonical Mode Description    │
             ├───────────────┬────────────────────┼──────────────────┤
             │VEOF           │                    │ EOF character.   │
             │VEOL           │                    │ EOL character.   │
             │VERASE         │                    │ ERASE character. │
             │VINTR          │ VINTR              │ INTR character.  │
             │VKILL          │                    │ KILL character.  │
             │               │ VMIN               │ MIN value.       │
             │VQUIT          │ VQUIT              │ QUIT character.  │
             │VSTART         │ VSTART             │ START character. │
             │VSTOP          │ VSTOP              │ STOP character.  │
             │VSUSP          │ VSUSP              │ SUSP character.  │
             │               │ VTIME              │ TIME value.      │
             └───────────────┴────────────────────┴──────────────────┘
       The subscript values shall be suitable for use in #if preprocessing
       directives and shall be distinct, except that the VMIN and VTIME
       subscripts may have the same values as the VEOF and VEOL subscripts,
       respectively.

   Input Modes
       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use as flags in the c_iflag field. The c_iflag field describes
       the basic terminal input control.

       BRKINT      Signal interrupt on break.

       ICRNL       Map CR to NL on input.

       IGNBRK      Ignore break condition.

       IGNCR       Ignore CR.

       IGNPAR      Ignore characters with parity errors.

       INLCR       Map NL to CR on input.

       INPCK       Enable input parity check.

       ISTRIP      Strip character.

       IXANY       Enable any character to restart output.

       IXOFF       Enable start/stop input control.

       IXON        Enable start/stop output control.

       PARMRK      Mark parity errors.

   Output Modes
       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use as flags in the c_oflag field. The c_oflag field specifies
       the system treatment of output.

       OPOST       Post-process output.

       ONLCR       Map NL to CR-NL on output.

       OCRNL       Map CR to NL on output.

       ONOCR       No CR output at column 0.

       ONLRET      NL performs CR function.

       OFDEL       Fill is DEL.

       OFILL       Use fill characters for delay.

       NLDLY       Select newline delays:

                   NL0     Newline type 0.

                   NL1     Newline type 1.

       CRDLY       Select carriage-return delays:

                   CR0     Carriage-return delay type 0.

                   CR1     Carriage-return delay type 1.

                   CR2     Carriage-return delay type 2.

                   CR3     Carriage-return delay type 3.

       TABDLY      Select horizontal-tab delays:

                   TAB0    Horizontal-tab delay type 0.

                   TAB1    Horizontal-tab delay type 1.

                   TAB2    Horizontal-tab delay type 2.

                   TAB3    Expand tabs to spaces.

       BSDLY       Select backspace delays:

                   BS0     Backspace-delay type 0.

                   BS1     Backspace-delay type 1.

       VTDLY       Select vertical-tab delays:

                   VT0     Vertical-tab delay type 0.

                   VT1     Vertical-tab delay type 1.

       FFDLY       Select form-feed delays:

                   FF0     Form-feed delay type 0.

                   FF1     Form-feed delay type 1.

   Baud Rate Selection
       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use as values of objects of type speed_t.

       The input and output baud rates are stored in the termios structure.
       These are the valid values for objects of type speed_t.  Not all baud
       rates need be supported by the underlying hardware.

       B0          Hang up

       B50         50 baud

       B75         75 baud

       B110        110 baud

       B134        134.5 baud

       B150        150 baud

       B200        200 baud

       B300        300 baud

       B600        600 baud

       B1200       1200 baud

       B1800       1800 baud

       B2400       2400 baud

       B4800       4800 baud

       B9600       9600 baud

       B19200      19200 baud

       B38400      38400 baud

   Control Modes
       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use as flags in the c_cflag field. The c_cflag field describes
       the hardware control of the terminal; not all values specified are
       required to be supported by the underlying hardware.

       CSIZE       Character size:

                   CS5     5 bits

                   CS6     6 bits

                   CS7     7 bits

                   CS8     8 bits

       CSTOPB      Send two stop bits, else one.

       CREAD       Enable receiver.

       PARENB      Parity enable.

       PARODD      Odd parity, else even.

       HUPCL       Hang up on last close.

       CLOCAL      Ignore modem status lines.

       The implementation shall support the functionality associated with
       the symbols CS7, CS8, CSTOPB, PARODD, and PARENB.

   Local Modes
       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use as flags in the c_lflag field. The c_lflag field of the
       argument structure is used to control various terminal functions.

       ECHO        Enable echo.

       ECHOE       Echo erase character as error-correcting backspace.

       ECHOK       Echo KILL.

       ECHONL      Echo NL.

       ICANON      Canonical input (erase and kill processing).

       IEXTEN      Enable extended input character processing.

       ISIG        Enable signals.

       NOFLSH      Disable flush after interrupt or quit.

       TOSTOP      Send SIGTTOU for background output.

   Attribute Selection
       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use with tcsetattr():

       TCSANOW     Change attributes immediately.

       TCSADRAIN   Change attributes when output has drained.

       TCSAFLUSH   Change attributes when output has drained; also flush
                   pending input.

   Line Control
       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use with tcflush():

       TCIFLUSH    Flush pending input.

       TCIOFLUSH   Flush both pending input and untransmitted output.

       TCOFLUSH    Flush untransmitted output.

       The <termios.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants
       for use with tcflow():

       TCIOFF      Transmit a STOP character, intended to suspend input
                   data.

       TCION       Transmit a START character, intended to restart input
                   data.

       TCOOFF      Suspend output.

       TCOON       Restart output.

       The <termios.h> header shall define the pid_t type as described in
       <sys/types.h>.

       The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined
       as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.

           speed_t cfgetispeed(const struct termios *);
           speed_t cfgetospeed(const struct termios *);
           int     cfsetispeed(struct termios *, speed_t);
           int     cfsetospeed(struct termios *, speed_t);
           int     tcdrain(int);
           int     tcflow(int, int);
           int     tcflush(int, int);
           int     tcgetattr(int, struct termios *);
           pid_t   tcgetsid(int);
           int     tcsendbreak(int, int);
           int     tcsetattr(int, int, const struct termios *);

       The following sections are informative.

APPLICATION USAGE         top

       The following names are reserved for XSI-conformant systems to use as
       an extension to the above; therefore strictly conforming applications
       shall not use them:

       CBAUD      EXTB       VDSUSP
       DEFECHO    FLUSHO     VLNEXT
       ECHOCTL    LOBLK      VREPRINT
       ECHOKE     PENDIN     VSTATUS
       ECHOPRT    SWTCH      VWERASE
       EXTA       VDISCARD

RATIONALE         top

       None.

FUTURE DIRECTIONS         top

       None.

SEE ALSO         top

       sys_types.h(0p)

       The System Interfaces volume of POSIX.1‐2008, cfgetispeed(3p),
       cfgetospeed(3p), cfsetispeed(3p), cfsetospeed(3p), confstr(3p),
       tcdrain(3p), tcflow(3p), tcflush(3p), tcgetattr(3p), tcgetsid(3p),
       tcsendbreak(3p), tcsetattr(3p)

       The Shell and Utilities volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Chapter 11, General
       Terminal Interface, getconf(1p)

COPYRIGHT         top

       Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
       from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information
       Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open
       Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the
       Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open
       Group.  (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1
       applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and
       the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and
       The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original
       Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .

       Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are
       most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the
       source files to man page format. To report such errors, see
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .

IEEE/The Open Group                 2013                       termios.h(0P)