ipg is not a program, it is script which should be sourced to bash.
When sourced it loads module pg3 and exports a few of functions
accessible from parent shell. These macros are pg to start packet
injection and to get the results of run; and pgset to setup packet
pgset can send the following commands to module pg3:
Name of Ethernet device to test. See warning below.
Size of packet to generate. The size includes all the headers:
UDP, IP, MAC, but does not account for overhead internal to
medium, i.e. FCS and various paddings.
Each packet will contain NUMBER of fragments. Maximal amount
for linux-2.4 is 6. Far not all the devices support fragmented
Send stream of NUMBER of packets and stop after this.
Introduce artificial delay between packets of TIME
Select IP destination where the stream is sent to. Beware,
never set this address at random. pg3 is not a toy, it creates
really tough stream. Default value is 0.0.0.0.
Select MAC destination where the stream is sent to. Default
value is 00:00:00:00:00:00 in hope that this will not be
received by any node on LAN.
stop Abort packet injection.
When output device is set to some random device different of hardware
Ethernet device, pg3 will crash kernel.
Do not use it on VLAN, ethertap, VTUN and other devices, which
emulate Ethernet not being real Ethernet in fact.
This can be used only by superuser.
This tool creates floods of packets which is unlikely to be handled
even by high-end machines. For example, it saturates gigabit link
with 60 byte packets when used with Intel's e1000. In face of such
stream switches, routers and end hosts may deadlock, crash, explode.
Use only in test lab environment.
This page is part of the iputils (IP utilities) project. Information
about the project can be found at ⟨http://www.skbuff.net/iputils/⟩.
If you have a bug report for this manual page, send it to
email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org. This page was obtained
from the project's upstream Git repository
⟨git://git.linux-ipv6.org/gitroot/iputils.git⟩ on 2017-03-13. If you
discover any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or
you believe there is a better or more up-to-date source for the page,
or you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail
iputils-151218 13 March 2017 PG3(8)