BTRFS-QGROUP(8)                 Btrfs Manual                 BTRFS-QGROUP(8)

NAME         top

       btrfs-qgroup - control the quota group of a btrfs filesystem

SYNOPSIS         top

       btrfs qgroup <subcommand> <args>

DESCRIPTION         top

       btrfs qgroup is used to control quota group (qgroup) of a btrfs

           To use qgroup you need to enable quota first using btrfs quota
           enable command.

           Qgroup is not stable yet and will impact performance in current
           mainline kernel (v4.14).

QGROUP         top

       Quota groups or qgroup in btrfs make a tree hierarchy, the leaf
       qgroups are attached to subvolumes. The size limits are set per
       qgroup and apply when any limit is reached in tree that contains a
       given subvolume.

       The limits are separated between shared and exclusive and reflect the
       extent ownership. For example a fresh snapshot shares almost all the
       blocks with the original subvolume, new writes to either subvolume
       will raise towards the exclusive limit.

       The qgroup identifiers conform to level/id where level 0 is reserved
       to the qgroups associated with subvolumes. Such qgroups are created

       The qgroup hierarchy is built by commands create and assign.

           If the qgroup of a subvolume is destroyed, quota about the
           subvolume will not be functional until qgroup 0/<subvolume id> is
           created again.

SUBCOMMAND         top

       assign [options] <src> <dst> <path>
           Assign qgroup <src> as the child qgroup of <dst> in the btrfs
           filesystem identified by <path>.


               Automatically schedule quota rescan if the new qgroup
               assignment leads to quota inconsistency.

               Explicitly ask not to do a rescan.

       create <qgroupid> <path>
           Create a subvolume quota group.

           For the 0/<subvolume id> qgroup, a qgroup can be created even
           before the subvolume is created.

       destroy <qgroupid> <path>
           Destroy a qgroup.

           If a qgroup is not isolated, meaning it is a parent or child
           qgroup, then it can only be destroyed after the relationship is

       limit [options] <size>|none [<qgroupid>] <path>
           Limit the size of a qgroup to <size> or no limit in the btrfs
           filesystem identified by <path>.

           If <qgroupid> is not given, qgroup of the subvolume identified by
           <path> is used if possible.


               limit amount of data after compression. This is the default,
               it is currently not possible to turn off this option.

               limit space exclusively assigned to this qgroup.

       remove <src> <dst> <path>
           Remove the relationship between child qgroup <src> and parent
           qgroup <dst> in the btrfs filesystem identified by <path>.

       show [options] <path>
           Show all qgroups in the btrfs filesystem identified by <path>.


               print parent qgroup id.

               print child qgroup id.

               print limit of referenced size of qgroup.

               print limit of exclusive size of qgroup.

               list all qgroups which impact the given path(include
               ancestral qgroups)

               list all qgroups which impact the given path(exclude
               ancestral qgroups)

               raw numbers in bytes, without the B suffix.

               print human friendly numbers, base 1024, this is the default

               select the 1024 base for the following options, according to
               the IEC standard.

               select the 1000 base for the following options, according to
               the SI standard.

               show sizes in KiB, or kB with --si.

               show sizes in MiB, or MB with --si.

               show sizes in GiB, or GB with --si.

               show sizes in TiB, or TB with --si.

               list qgroups in order of <attr>.

               <attr> can be one or more of

               Prefix '+' means ascending order and '-' means descending
               order of <attr>. If no prefix is given, use ascending order
               by default.

               If multiple <attr>s is given, use comma to separate.

               To retrieve information after updating the state of qgroups,
               force sync of the filesystem identified by <path> before
               getting information.

EXIT STATUS         top

       btrfs qgroup returns a zero exit status if it succeeds. Non zero is
       returned in case of failure.

AVAILABILITY         top

       btrfs is part of btrfs-progs. Please refer to the btrfs wiki for further details.

SEE ALSO         top

       mkfs.btrfs(8), btrfs-subvolume(8), btrfs-quota(8),

COLOPHON         top

       This page is part of the btrfs-progs (btrfs filesystem tools)
       project.  Information about the project can be found at 
       If you have a bug report for this manual page, see
       This page was obtained from the project's upstream Git repository
       on 2018-10-29.  (At that time, the date of the most recent commit
       that was found in the repository was 2018-08-06.)  If you discover
       any rendering problems in this HTML version of the page, or you
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       you have corrections or improvements to the information in this
       COLOPHON (which is not part of the original manual page), send a mail

Btrfs v4.6.1                     01/23/2018                  BTRFS-QGROUP(8)

Pages that refer to this page: tmpfiles.d(5)btrfs(8)btrfs-quota(8)btrfs-subvolume(8)