This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux
implementation of this interface may differ (consult the
corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or
the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
The <sys/shm.h> header shall define the following symbolic constants:
SHM_RDONLY Attach read-only (else read-write).
SHM_RND Round attach address to SHMLBA.
SHMLBA Segment low boundary address multiple.
The <sys/shm.h> header shall define the following data types through
shmatt_t Unsigned integer used for the number of current attaches
that must be able to store values at least as large as a
type unsigned short.
The <sys/shm.h> header shall define the shmid_ds structure, which
shall include the following members:
struct ipc_perm shm_perm Operation permission structure.
size_t shm_segsz Size of segment in bytes.
pid_t shm_lpid Process ID of last shared memory operation.
pid_t shm_cpid Process ID of creator.
shmatt_t shm_nattch Number of current attaches.
time_t shm_atime Time of last shmat().
time_t shm_dtime Time of last shmdt().
time_t shm_ctime Time of last change by shmctl().
The <sys/shm.h> header shall define the pid_t, size_t, and time_t
types as described in <sys/types.h>.
The following shall be declared as functions and may also be defined
as macros. Function prototypes shall be provided.
void *shmat(int, const void *, int);int shmctl(int, int, struct shmid_ds *);int shmdt(const void *);int shmget(key_t, size_t, int);
In addition, the <sys/shm.h> header shall include the <sys/ipc.h>
The following sections are informative.
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form
from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information
Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open
Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open
Group. (This is POSIX.1-2008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1
applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and
the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and
The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original
Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are
most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the
source files to man page format. To report such errors, see
IEEE/The Open Group 2013 sys_shm.h(0P)